Happy weekend, everyone!
Are you planning to study Korean over the weekend? We hope you can spare some time to study a couple more Korean phrases with us. We are always going to be here to help you develop your Korean language skills, 하나부터 열까지(in every possible way)!
Sometimes, taking a shower before you sit down to study helps you feel refreshed, which can help you focus more. Showers really give you that fresh feeling 머리끝부터 발끝까지 (from head to toe)! Unfortunately, during this time of year, it’s unbelievably hot and humid in Korea, so the refreshing effect of taking a shower only lasts a couple of minutes. Crazy, right? We really hope you’re experiencing much better weather wherever you live!
I’m sure you’re really anxious to get right into our 3rd “Learn Korean with K-Pop” song, so let’s not waste any more time!
The 3rd K-pop band that we’ve chosen is a group of 4 super cool, attractive, and popular girls…
Yes! That’s right! It’s 2NE1~
Let’s take a look at a couple of phrases found in their song “내가 제일 잘나가” (I Am The Best).
1. 감당 못 해
감당하다 [gam-dang-ha-da] = to handle, to manage
못 하다 [mot ha-da] = cannot do
In the context of the lyrics, this phrase means “you cannot handle me” or “I am beyond your ability to handle.” CL is so incredibly confident in herself that she can go around saying, “I’m not a girl that you can easily deal with.” What an attitude, huh?!
You may have noticed that there is no specific subject in this phrase, which is something that many Western listeners might find a bit confusing. Unlike English or other similar languages, it is not always necessary to start a sentence with a subject in Korean if the subject is understood between the speaker and the listener. It’s quite often dropped or hidden within the context of everyday conversations in Korean. Listening to this song, it’s pretty obvious that “감당 못 해” [“gam-dang mot hae”] is the speaker saying “YOU can’t handle it”, not “I can’t handle it.” If we were to write it out in a complete sentence, it would go something like “너는 나를 감당 못 해” [“neo-neun na-reul gam-dang mot hae”]. That’s a pretty long phrase when you can just shorten it up and it’ll mean the same thing! Korean is all about convenience!
▽ Play to listen to 감당 못 해 in 내가 제일 잘나가
1) 식비를 감당 못 해서 적자에요.
[sik-bi-reul kam-dang mot-hae-seo jeok-ja-e-yo]
= I can’t handle my food expenses, so I’m in the red.
2) 걔는 감당이 안 돼요.
[gye-neun kam-dang-i an-de-yo]
= I can’t handle her/him. (감당이 안 되다 has the same meaning as 감당 못 하다)
2. 끝내 주잖아
This expression is a combination of 2 verbs: 끝내다 [kkeut-nae-da], which means “to finish”, and 주다 [ju-da], which means “to give.” Therefore, the literal meaning of this phrase would be “to provide an ending” or “terminate.” In this context, however, it is used as slang to mean “awesome”, “cool”, or “fantastic.”
▽ Play to listen to 끝내 주잖아 in 내가 제일 잘나가
This is a really common use for the expression, and you will hear it and see it used a lot like this, especially in K-dramas. It’s neither insulting nor swearing, so you can use it in a variety of situations. Let’s look at some examples:
1) 국물이 끝내 줘요!
[kuk-mul-i kkeu-nae jwo-yo]
= The soup is amazing! (This is a famous line from a TV commercial for instant noodles!)
2) 야경이 정말 끝내 주네!
[ya-kkyeong-i jeong-mal kkeut-nae ju-ne]
= The night view is incredible!
We hope this lesson is satisfactory for those who have requested that we cover a 2NE1 song. As there are many hit songs by 2NE1, we thought this song is one of the best songs to showcase the group, especially since it is one of the most viewed videos on YouTube.
Thank you for all your comments and requests! We are truly surprised to see how much our listeners are into Korean music, not just K-pop. As this series goes on, we will do our best to introduce more Korean singers and bands of various genres, including some you may or may not have heard of.
Here are today’s questions for you: Have you recently done anything 끝내 주잖아? Have you been to any끝내 주는 restaurants? Have you purchased any끝내 주는 goods? Have you listened to any 끝내 주는 music? Tell us your story in the comment section below, and thanks for stopping by!
My name is Youngbin Lee. I’m a geeky engineer based in Incheon who love learning languages. Learning languages is pure pleasure to me and I’d like to help others feel the same way as I do. My ultimate goal is to become capable of communicating with you in your language. Are you with me?