Level 1 Lesson 18 / Location-marking Particles / 에/에서

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Welcome back to another addition of TTMIK Korean lesson! In Korean, as you already know, there are some ‘particles’ which are used to mark the roles of some nouns, and so far, we have learned about subject marking particles (이 [i] and 가 [ga]) and topic marking particles (은 [eun] and 는 [neun]). In this lesson, we are going to have a look at location marking particles, 에 [e] and 에서 [e-seo], and also how to say WHERE in Korean. Please feel free to ask any questions you have in the comment box! Thank you!



You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • cacooldemon

    지금 저는 방에서 놀아요 – I’m playing in the room right now.
    Is that correct?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Perfect!

  • Takoday

    저는 지금 네덜란드에 있어요, 근데 나의 엄마와 아빠 터키에서.
    Was that right? What I was trying to say was: I’m in de Netherlands but my parents came from Turkey. :)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      저는 지금 네덜란드에 있어요, 근데 나의 엄마와 아빠 터키에서.
      > 저는 네덜란드인이에요. 근데 저희 엄마와 아빠는 터키에서 왔어요.

  • Taskin Kodag

    저는 지금 네덜란드에 있어요, 근데 나의 엄마와 아빠 터키에서.
    What I was trying to say was:
    I’m in the Netherlands but my parents come from Turkey.
    Is it correct and is there a word for “parents” instead of saying my mother and father?
    Thanks for these wonderful lessons!

    감사합니다!!!

  • Yana

    If you want to say ‘What are you doing in school?’
    is mwo and hakgyo-eseo interchangeable?
    can you say ‘mwo hakgyo-eseo haeyo?’ as well as ‘hakgyo-eseo mwo haeyo?’

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      뭐 학교에서 해요 doesn’t sound natural. You rather can say “무엇을 학교에서 해요?”.
      Normally, we say “학교에서 뭐 해요?”. Thanks for your comment.

  • Cait

    If I wanted to say “I sing at church”, would it be 교희에서 노래해요 ? and then “I sing hymns at church” would be 교희에서 찬송가 노래해요 ? Haha, I’m using my Korean dictionary to find some of the words and it gives many options for each word so I’m sorry if I used the wrong ones :)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      교희에서 노래해요 > 교회에서 노래해요.

      교희에서 찬송가 노래해요 > As the letter 가 contains that meaning of “song”, so you can just say 교회에서 찬송가 불러요.

      Thanks for your comment. :)

  • 이찬린

    does this make sense???

    “한국 에 가요” (Hanggu-e-kayo) by the way, what I’m trying to say is “I go to Korea” or “I’m going to Korea” (please help)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      “한국에 가요” is right. :)

  • ezgi

    한국에 가고 싶어^^thanx for the lesson

  • Chris N

    있 다 means “to have” but why you say it’s “to be” in sample 4 above ?

  • Jessica

    학교에서 미식축구 놀었어요

    방에서 공부했어요

    c:

  • http://helpmeteacher.blogspot.com Kate

    지금 미국에 놋스 켈롤라이나에 있에요. 제 방에서 공부해요. 서울에 가고 십어요.

  • Jessica

    Hi,

    I’ll like to ask, since 집에 가요 means I’m goin home, can I say 집에서 가요 to mean I’m coming from my home?

    Does 가 mean “go” only or can it also mean ‘come’?

    Thank you!

    • JungHyun

      Its an old post but i just wanna try out to see what i’ve understood so far
      Since its I’m coming from home, from home = 집에서. I’m coming = 와요.
      So its 집에서와요. I think but correct me though, i’m still learning :)

  • Jessica

    ops! it’s ok, i got it already..i didnt read the notes carefully! =P thanks anyway!

  • http://nus.edu.sg JUN

    지금은 대학에 있어요.
    매일 매일 대학에서 더 열심히 일해요.
    저도 날마다 재미있게 한국어를 공부해요.
    행복한 하루 되세요! :) :)

  • monica

    안녕하세요
    저눈 필이핀에서 왔어요

    Am i right?

  • diha

    Hello;

    Please I still have problems with 에 and 에서 ?? for example the verb 가다 is an action verb but we use 에 instead of 에서 in sentences that contains the verb 가다 :O :O :O

  • Gabe Webb

    Hello,

    I have a question about the “want to” verb conjugation. Would “가수가 있고싶어요” make sense in the same term as in English if I was to say “I want to be a singer.” or is there another verb you use if you say you want to “BE” something?

    Thank you for your help.

    • Gabe Webb

      Or maybe it is 이고싶어요 instead of 있고싶어요? I’m just guessing here. Thanks again.

  • Sandrien

    안녕하세요!

    I enjoy your lessons very much, but I have a question.
    I’m from Belgium, but Belgium in Korean (벨기에) ends with -에
    Do you still have to add -에서? Or just -서? So is it: 저는 벨기에에서 있어요 or 저는 벨기에서 있어요?

    감사합니다!

  • diwesh87

    These location marking particles are called prepositions in english … Great video … thanks <3

  • Kelly Cheng

    Hey I have a question. the K-drama “You who came from Star” is 별에서 온 그대. so 에서 means “from” as I learn in this lesson. =)
    그대= You
    별 = Star

    I wondering what’s the 온 means in the title, I look it up in the dictionary, it said “on” in English.

    • Seokjin Jin

      온 means “came”. The verb 오다 conjugated into that form.

  • Ana Camila Bringel

    If my boyfriend comes late to home, should I say:
    어디에 있었어요? 뭐 했어요?
    Ps: what were you doing = 뭐 했어요? Or 뭐 했어요 = Only: What did you do?

    • Seokjin Jin

      What were you doing = 뭐 했어요? <- It is okay. or you can also say "뭐하고 있었어요?" This is more accurate.

  • JungHyun

    I’m confused a bit when Hyunwoo Sun and Kyeong-eun say that ‘Are you’ means isseoyo.
    Doesn’t ‘have’ also mean ‘isseoyo’?And for the sake of it, ‘Doesn’t have’ means eobsseoyo?

  • JungHyun

    So if i wanna say ‘What do you want to eat at home?”
    Then is it like this => “집에서뭐먹고싶어요?”

    • Seokjin Jin

      Perfect! However you should put spacings.

      집에서 뭐 먹고 싶어요?

  • Carmen Cristoloveanu

    Hello. This is not related to the lesson itself, but i have no idea where else to post this. Since this is as far as I got with the Korean lessons, I’ll ask here.

    I am practicing writing Korean using the words I encountered so far in the lessons. Hence the question:
    are there any rules as to when to use ㅐor ㅔ? Or do I have to just memorize the way the words are written? for example i keep making the mistake of writing orange as 오랜지 instead of 오렌지.

    Thank you for your time!

    • Seokjin Jin

      There is no rule to put ㅐ or ㅔ. I am not sure if it is good news for bad news to you. When it comes to imported word, even Koreans are sometimes confused and don’t know what to use.

    • Carmen Cristoloveanu

      Thanks. I am not sure if it is good or bad either :)

  • https://www.facebook.com/kristinejoy.catan.7 Kristine Joy Catan

    안녕하세요!

    So I can say “한국에 가고 시벼요.”

    Is it right 선상님?? 감사함니다!

    • Seokjin Jin

      한국에 가고 싶어요 is right. :)

  • De

    If I wanted to say “I work at the school”, would I say “나는 학교에 일해요.” ?

    • 지경

      I think it would be “나는 학교에서 일해요,” because while 에 marks location, it only marks the place where something EXISTS or where something IS. 에서 marks where an ACTION IS TAKING PLACE or where an ACTION IS BEING DONE. So, in this case, the “action” is you work (“I work”). Well, where exactly do you work? (Where is the action being done?) “At the school,” is the answer obviously, so your work is being done at the school.

      “나는 학교에서 일해요.” (I work at the school.)

  • JungHyun

    I’m a bit confused for this part of the lesson
    The one with 있어요. In a different lesson, i learnt that 있어요 means ‘have’ but in this lesson it says 있어요 means ‘are you’.
    TTMIK team, please help me understand this better! 감사핲니다 :)

    • Nicky

      있어요 is the present tense of the word 있다 (it-da) which means “to have”, “to be” or “to exist”. So if you want to say “I have water” it would be “물이 있어요”….this can also mean “there is water” or “water exists.” And so in this lesson 있어요 is used to express the verb “to be”….so “집에 있어요?” means “are you at home?” in this case.

      맞아요?

    • JungHyun

      네 맞아요 for the part about water.That’s clearly understood :)
      But i just need to know why 있어요 can also mean ‘You are’.
      Thanks for trying to help =)

  • Ashley Heil

    I’m confused with the workbook, in section 3, where it says: hyeo-nu ssi-do hak-gyo ga-yo? or 현 우 ㅅ시 도 학 교 가 요 what is the exact translation of this sentence? I know it has something to do with going to school, but I’m not sure what ssi-do means

  • Ashley Heil

    Also, what is the exact translation of this sentence in the workbook: hyeo-nu ssi-neun sa-mu-si-re ga-yo ?