Level 1 Lesson 19 / When / 언제

Hello everyone, we are back with another lesson! This one is a bit shorter than the last one, and we are introducing how to say ‘when’ in Korean. You can also listen to many examples where the word ‘when’ is used to form questions. Listen in, check out the free PDF lesson note, and be sure to try answering the question “When do you get up in the morning?” in Korean in the comment box.

Thank you as always for studying with us! 감사합니다.

So, 아침에 언제 일어나요?

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!


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Level 1 Lesson 19 / When / 언제
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  • Liliya Voloshenyuk

    in your audio lessons you keep on saying ju-a-yo. What does it mean?

    • Ryan Elpidio Legaspi

      I think it means like/good. choayo? joayo?

    • FinalWholockianFaerieGamer

      네, 마자요.

  • Zoya

    안녕하세요 ~~ 난 보통 아침에 일곱시에 일어났어요 ~~^^

  • Brianna Mae

    아짐에 안제 일어나요?
    저는 아침에 7시에 일어났어요.

    Please correct me if I’m wrong. 감사합니다!

  • Bennett Seacrist

    아침에 4시 30분에 일어났어요.

  • Bennett Seacrist

    The podcast discusses adding 에 to denote time. What is done if the word already ends with ㅔ such as 어제?어제에 seems a tad repetitive.

    • ayeee

      The PDF for the lesson says that for 어제, you don’t need to add 에 🙂 I mean, if you haven’t already figured it out yet. Hope this helped!

  • 태한이

    오늘은 8시 일어났어요 ㅋㅋㅋ 학교에 안갔어요 ㅎㅎㅎㅎ

    • Kenny Lau

      안갔어요 > 안 갔어요

  • Vivi

    Just practicing typing korean~~ (beginner!)
    How do you type the double “ㅅ ” with 2-set korean keyboard setting? And which type of korean entry is the more popular one?

    When did you do it?
    언 제 햇(?) 어 요 ?
    When did you arrive?
    언 제 도 착 햇 (?) 어 요 ?
    When did you come?
    언 제 왓 (?) 어 요 ?
    When did you get up earlier today?
    아 까 언 제 일 어 낫 (?) 어 요 ?

    • Megan Harris

      To use characters like ㅆ and ㄸ, you just hold shift and press the single character key 😀

    • Kenny Lau

      Don’t put spaces between every single letter…

      언제 했어요?
      언제 도작했어요?
      언제 왔어요?
      아까 언제 일아났어요?

  • Amina :)

    Anneyonghaseyeo yeoreobun, lol excuse my messed up romanization ^^ so I was justwondering if there is a place on this website where we can fin exercices. I mean, discussing in the comments and reviews are fun and all that, but just to make sure we are mastering what we learn (or at least trying to kkkkkk) also, thank you TTMIK so much, I never thought I could study Korean so easily and for free on top of that! I can finally understand stuff from k-dramas other than oppa, omo, daebak…. gamseuhamnida

    • Kenny Lau

      > Annyeonghaseyo yeoreobun.

      “eo” together marks a single vowel, namely 어.

      It is “haseyo” instead of “haseyeo”, don’t mix up the vowel although they sound the same.

  • Deepest Nightmare

    오늘은 아침에 10:30시에 일어났어요. 하지만…피곤해요~!

  • Michael

    악까먹엇다. I ate earlier. How do you type double s under 어.please. 감사하기도.
    나 정어서 얼는아 솟아요. Later I will go to Seoul. I can’t type the double ㅆ for ‘go’
    어 제언 제 이얼어나요. What time did yo get up yesterday.

    • Tristan Duggan

      if you didn’t figure it out, it’s just Shift+ㅅ

  • Suga Swag

    How do you tell time? I don’t know how to answer the question since I don’t know how to tell it hahahha~ 감사합니다.

  • Sumcia

    오늘은 10시 40 분 일어났어요~~ 오늘은 토요일예요 ^^

  • Glorilyn camacho you

    저는 아침에 여섯시 일어났어요

  • 엘리사벳

    저는 아침에 8시 20분 일어났어요.

  • 앨리

    저는 아침에 6시 30 분 일어났어요.

  • Suga Swag

    언제 집에 왔어요? (When are you coming home?)

    Am I right?

    • JooyeonPark

      If you want to say “When are you coming home?”, you should use future form of “오다” which is “올 거예요”.
      So, it should be “언제 올 거예요?”

  • 지아

    전 아침에 6시에 일어나요.

    • Kenny Lau

      The 에 in 아침에 can be dropped because 아침 + time is a set phrase.

  • Kaelah

    전 아침에 6.30에 일어나요 🙂

    • Kenny Lau

      Many ways to say 6:30:

      – 6시 30분
      – 여섯 시 삼실 분
      – 6시 반
      – 여섯 시 반

      Also, the 에 in 아침에 can be dropped because 아침 + time is a set phrase.

  • Sefirit

    I’m curious what 제가 is used in 제가 언제 늦었어요. Isn’t 저 “I” and 제 “my”?

    • When you attach the subject-marking particle to 저, 나 or 너, it becomes 제가, 내가 and 네가 (니가). They’re irregular. So if it’s 제가 it’s “I” but when it’s just used as 제 then it’s “my”.

  • 오늘은 아침에 9시에 일어나서 9시 15분 밥을 먹었어요~

  • 오늘 아침에 7시에 일어났어요

    • Kenny Lau

      아침 X시 is a set phrase meaning X o’clock in the morning, and the 에 is dropped.

      Also, that’s a nice way to avoid pure Korean numerals by writing “7시” instead of “일곱 시” (both are correct).

      > 오늘(은) 아침 7시에 일어났어요

  • Sam Low

    does the female host keep mentioning of 네,좋아해요?

    I thought that 좋아해요 has the same meaning of “like” in english?

    • Kyeong-Eun Choi

      Hi, I am the female host. 🙂 I kept mentioning “네, 좋아요.” not “네, 좋아해요.”. “네, 좋아요.” means “Yes, it sounds good.”.

    • Chaitali Das

      Hi ! Could you please help here —>I read somewhere that when ㅈ is used at the end of the of the syllable it has phonetic value [t] …but in the word 맞아요 [ma-ja-yo] instead of [t] its pronounced [ j ].

    • Kenny Lau

      ㅈ is pronounced [t] when directly followed by another consonant and [j] when followed by a vowel.

      There are more rules but it’s ok for now.

    • Aniigeeth

      Hi kyeong can u help me personally? Please!

  • Sasha


    I was wondering if anyone could correct my sentences from this exercise in the TTMIK workbook. 🙂

    1. 어제 언제 사무실에 갔어요?
    (When did you go to the office yesterday?)

    2. 언제 이 차 샀어요?
    (When did you buy this car?)

    3. 언제 서울에 도착했어요?
    (When did you arrive in Seoul?)

    4. 어제 언제 일했어요?
    (When did you work yesterday?)

    5. 언제 집에서 일해요?
    (When do you work at home?)

    6. 안제 일어나요?
    (When do you get up?)

    7. 아침에 언제 학교에 가요?
    (When do you go to school in the morning?)

    8. 저는 아까 사무실에 왔어요.
    (I came to the office earlier today.)

    9. 저는 지금 일해고 있어요.
    (I’m working right now.)

    10. 저는 아침에 학교에 도착했어요.
    (I arrived at school in the morning.)


    • Nana Atmaja

      Sorry, i’m confused about number 3.
      When did you arrive in Seoul?
      언제 서을에 도착했어요 아니면 언제 서울에서 도찾했어요?
      Because the question is IN.
      에 = to, at
      에서 = at, in, from

    • 태국학생

      언제 서을에 도착했어요 [O]
      I can’t speak English but If you do something at “somewhere” and you are there while you do that you can use 에서
      I eat at “home” = 집에서 먹어요 ,
      I read books at “home” = 집에서 책을 읽어요
      I bought apple at school = 학교어서 사과를 삽니다
      **you do something whitout moving**

      but go/arrive/ have moving you can use 에
      I go to Korean 저는 한국에 가요
      When did you arrive in Seoul? 언제 서을에 도착했어요?

    • 태국학생

      so you can make question sentense
      집에서 먹어요?
      집에서 책을 읽어요?
      저는 한국에 가요
      김범이 집”에” 있어요

  • Nana Atmaja

    오늘은 난 아까 학교에 가요. (Today, i go to school earlier)

    and Can someone explain to me how to put the 2 TIME in the sentence?
    Thanks before

    • Kenny Lau

      아까 means “earlier” as in “a while ago” rather than “earlier than the last time”…

      It does not make sense anyway, as if you say “earlier than the last time” then it should be in the future tense, and if you say “a while ago” then it should be in the past tense.

      Also, 나 is informal. The formal version would be “저”, but you can drop it altogether as it can be understood by context.

      > 오늘은 (제가) 학교에 일찍 갔어요 – Today I went to school early.

  • yeollie.hvirus

    오늘은아침에언제일어났어요? is this correct ?

    • Kenny Lau

      Spacing is important in Korean…

      > 오늘은 아침에 언제 일어났어요?

  • Cristina Martín

    A: 어제 어디서 먹었어요?
    B: 어제 집에 먹었어요.
    A: 뭐 먹었어요?
    B: 밥 먹었어요.

    Thank you Guys!! 🙂 TTMIK Best team ever 😉

    • Kenny Lau

      I think it should be “어디에” or even “어디” instead of 어디서/어디데서 but I’m not sure about this.

      However, you can drop the 어제 in the second line as it is understood by context.

      밥 usually means a meal rather than rice, so A might punch B afterwards saying “thank you captain obvious”…

      Other than that, the conversion is perfect.

  • Cristina Martín

    오늘 아침에 언제 일어났어요?

    감사합니다! 🙂

    • Kenny Lau

      You don’t need the “아침에” unless the person you’re talking with is an owl…

      The sentence is perfect.

  • Tee

    Is is possible to say “오에 했어요?” As in, “Why did you do it?”

    • Kenny Lau

      It should be 왜 instead of 오애. Other than that, the sentence is perfect.

  • Tee

    아침에 나는 일하다 팔 시간 is this correct?

    • Kenny Lau

      You probably meant “in the morning I work at 8 o’clock” but bear in mind with the following:
      1. The sentence order is completely wrong. The verb must always be at the end.
      2. 나 is informal. The formal version is 제. You can also drop the subject as it can be understood by context. In Korean, you can drop the subjects and the objects as long as they can be understood by context.
      3. The verb 일하다 is in the dictionary form. The dictionary form is the form by which you would find a verb in a dictionary, but that form is rarely used. You must conjugate the verb before using it.
      4. 시간 means “hours”. To tell the time, you say X시 (Y분) for Y minutes past X o’clock. However, the X has to be in pure Korean numeral system while the Y has to be in Sino-Korean numeral system. 아침 X시 (Y분) is a set phrase meaning Y minutes past X o’clock in the morning.
      5. Therefore, 8:00 AM would be 여덟 시 or 8시. Note the difference in spacing.

      > (informal) (나는) 아침 8시 일해.
      > (formal) (저는) 아침 8시 일해요.
      > (very formal) (저는) 아침 8시 일합니다.

  • Yerin

    Q: 아짐에 언제 일어나요?
    (Q: When do you get up in the morning?)
    A: 보통 8시에 일어나요. 오늘은 7시 45분에 일어났어요.
    (A: Usually [I] get up at 8AM. Today, [in particular] I woke up at 7:45AM.)

    is this correct? 감사함니다~! 🙂

  • Ern

    일어나다 = to get up
    Get up
    Present tense :일어나 + 아요 =일어나요

    When do you get up?
    언제 일어나요?
    (Note: in English, this sentence is abit weird but is OK if we use this to ask someone what is the usual time they get up. Example: When do you get up usually?)

    My question:
    Got up
    Past tense: 일어나 +았어요 = 일어났어요

    When did you get up?
    언제 일어났어요?

    Is this correct? 감사합니다

  • Nathalie

    오늘은 아침에 언제 일어나요?
    오늘은 아침 6시에 일어났요

  • 태미

    오늘은 10시에 일어났어요 ㅋㅋ

  • Sana ShyShyShy

    오늘 8시에 일어났어요
    is that correct?
    정말 감사합니다 TTMIK, these lessons are 정말 재미 있어요.
    안녕히 계세요~