Level 1 Lesson 21 / Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다, 안 하다, 하지 않다

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In this lesson, we are introducing how to form negative sentences in Korean. In Korean you can either add the word ‘안[an]’ before a verb or conjugate the verb into a negative form by using the verb ending ‘지 않다[ji an-ta]’ Find out how to do that and also practice with some sample sentences by listening to this lesson and as always, if you have any questions or feedback, we will be more than happy to hear them in the comment box!

Everyone, what do you NOT do? 뭐 안 해요?

Read about this grammar point at the Korean Wiki Project site

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Matt

    저는 매운 음식 안 좋아해요. = I do not like spicy food.
    저는 매운 음식 좋아하지 않아요. = I do not like spicy food.

    먹고 안 싶어요. = I do not want to eat.
    먹고 싶지 않아요. = I do not want to eat.

    그 사람 몰라요. = I do not know that person.

    감사함니다 for the lesson!

  • Myla Rose

    If “i want to” is “-고싶어요”, then for “i dont want to” is it “안 고싶어요”?
    For this sentence, ‘I dont want to work.’, is it “안 일하고싶어요”?
    감사함니다! ^_^

    • Seokjin Jin

      Yes. You can say that. More naturally, you can say 일하고 싶지 않아요.

    • Myla Rose

      석진 진님 감사합니다!!

      I have another question, in this lesson, example #3, spicy was 매워 but in dictionary it was translated as 짜릿한. Are they both the same?

  • kiya

    오늘은 집에 안 헜어요 = I didn’t leave my house today.
    자지 않씁이다 = I didn’t sleep

    이거 마자요? 고맙습니다.

    • 써니

      Not sure about the first one (i dont know what verb you are trying to use ><)
      But for the second sentence it should be: 자지 않았습니다

    • Seokjin Jin

      오늘은 집에 안 헜어요 >> 오늘은 집에서 나오지 않았어요.

      자지 않씁이다 >> 자지 않았어요

    • kiya

      Totally forgot about the 아 when I was conjugating, oops.

      Turns out I misread the dictionary when I was trying to find the verb for leave. From the correction, is the verb for it 나오다?

      Thank you!

    • Seokjin Jin


  • Nina


    I realized that often in songs, to turn a sentence negative, “지마” is used as a verb ending (가지마, 하지마…) Is it maybe a short form, or a more casual form of “지 않다”?

    고마워요! Thank you for helping me learn Korean!

    • Seokjin Jin

      It is a casual form of -지 마세요. Thanks for your comment. :)

    • Nina

      Thank you!

  • Menna Yehia

    공부 안해요 =D

  • Christine

    쟙에 갔어요?
    안이요. 쟙어 안 갔어요.
    쟌자? 아까 샨자 쟙에 안 갔어요?!

  • Daniel.Lion

    숙제를 안 했어요. (I didn’t do my homework)
    숙제를 안 하지 않았어요 (I didn’t do my homework)

    수퍼볼을 안 봐요. (I don’t watch the superbowl)

    Can you please correct if wrong? 고맙습니다.

  • Quan Vu

    I heard from a certain korean teaching program that also having a example like following: ” 아직 답장을 보내지 못했습니다”. So, the such structure: verb+지 못하다” takes the same meaning as “verb+지 않다” of this above lesson, doesn’t it?

    Please explain to me.
    Thanks in advance! :)

  • Rachael

    I’m studying korean.

  • Freja

    어제 물리학 축제 안공부해. (I didn’t do my physics homework yesterday)
    우유 마시지 않았어요. (I didn’t drink milk)
    :) Thanks for the lesson!

  • Soffy

    제가 열쇠를 안찾아요. 잃어버려요?

  • ade

    밥을 실허요 그래서 밥을 안 먹어요 is it true,,??

  • Jimmy (지민)

    if I wanna say “I have yet to upload it” am I right to phrase it this way “그거 아직 안 업로드 했어요” 고마워 for clarification :)

    • JooyeonPark

      In that case, “그거 아직 업로드 안 했어요” or “그거 아직 업로드 하지 않았어요”

      Thanks! :)

    • Jimmy (지민)

      아~~~ 알겠습니다~~~ 너무 고마워

  • Shhaseena25

    람연 좋지 않아요 (i dont like ramyeon)
    나 안 괜잖아 (I’m not okay)
    그거 맞아요? :’)
    고마워요 :)

    • Seokjin Jin

      람연 좋지 않아요> 라면을 좋아하지 않아요 or 라면을 안 좋아해요

      나 안 괜잖아 > 나 안 괜찮아

  • Tracy Wong

    현미차 맛없어요. 그거 안좋아해요. 그래서 마시지않아요.
    배고파요. 고기먹고싶어요. 난 지금에 음료수가 안 필요해요. 난 음식을 기다려요.
    그거 맞아요? 고마워요! And also I would like to ask how often do we use “I” – “난” in a sentence? Thanks heaps!^_^

  • Leela

    저는 한국어 아진 안 말해요. Please correct me if it’s wrong :)

    I also wanted to ask how you form 이거 매워요 (It’s spicy) in the dialog #3. Is it a short form of 이거 매워ㅖ요?

  • Gavin Ng

    오늘 나는 아구찝 안 먹지만, 옥천에서 보신탕을 먹었어요. 너무 맛있었어요 ^^

    • JooyeonPark

      아구찜 안 먹었지만 would be better :)

    • Gavin Ng

      Thanks Jooyeon! ^^ Can’t believe even after spending 1 year in Korea, I forgot! 안돼요!!!! ㅋㅋㅋ

  • RJKA

    밥은 아직도 안 먹었어요
    I still have not eaten food.

    • Imani

      밥은 doesn’t sound right so instead you would use 밥을

  • Asmaa

    today, I didnt go to school and office = 오늘학교 에 하고 사모실 안 갔어요
    I am not home = 집헤 없아

  • Marjster

    Is there a way to know when ‘안’ goes in front of the whole verb or just in front of ‘하다’?
    For example,
    안 정했다
    업로드 안 했다

    Thanks in advance!

  • Maddy

    오늘은 안그림했어요 >.<
    (Today I didn't draw (something).)
    Is this correct..? I don't really know the verb for "to draw" or "to paint" :(

  • Gaby Bosco

    어제 그거 안 일했어요 (Yesterdsay I didn’t work)

    오늘 그거 아직 안 일했어요 (Today i didn’t work yet/I haven’t worked yet, would that be a different tense in korean too?)

    • Seokjin Jin

      어제 그거 안 일했어요 > 어제 일 안 했어요. or 어제 그 일 안 했어요.
      오늘 그거 아직 안 일했어요 > 오늘 아직 그 일 안 했어요.

  • Kat

    저는 안 싸워요~

  • Danning

    아침에 안 일어나고싶어요 …

    • JooyeonPark

      저두요! :(

  • brad

    안녕하세요 친구! 내 이름 bradley 입니다. 18 살 이에요. 여기 사로운 오전. 나는 시작 하국어 봬요. If someone here is willing to help me out with korean i would very much appreciate it. :)

    • JooyeonPark

      I’m afraid that i can’t get enough about what you wrote in Korean :( so if you give me English sentences as well, i can correct your sentences! :)

    • brad

      Oh I was trying to say “hello my name is brad, i am 18 and I am new here. I started learning korean.

  • brad

    나는 사람들 마나고 흥분하요. 나는 한국어 배우는 찐자 관심대 정말 어려요. As you may notice I will be making a tone of mistakes so you can feel free to criticize me a bit :)

    • JooyeonPark

      If i was right about what i understood by your Korean sentences, it should be “when i meet people, i get excited. I am really interested in learning Korean but it’s really hard” Is that right? haha
      then you can say
      저는 사람들을 만나는 것을 좋아해요. 저는 한국어 배우는 것에 정말 관심이 많은데 너무 어려워요.

    • brad

      Yes correct!!!!!

    • brad

      By the way do you use any social media sites? I would really appreciate it a lot if you can take the time to practice with me. I mostly use skype :)

    • brad

      There are somethings that I want to talk about which I don’t feel too comfortable posting here. I felt like I have been asking a lot of stupid questions. I think it would be better if I can send what I know and you can help me. I am very beginner and I haven’t had much practice.

  • angel

    i don’t understand why 그거 버렸어요 is like that…. shouldn’t the word have 었어요 attached to it… making it 버리었어요
    and are there more words like this that have 였어요 rather than 었어요
    also i thought 그거 means “that” but here it’s represented by “it”? ah i’m so confused sorry

    • Fat Choy

      리 and 었 combine together and become 렸 and it’s for convenience because you will probably notice that speaking 리었 fast enough just sounds like 렸.

    • angel

      Thank you so much!

  • Kate

    안 공부했어? Or 공부 안 했어? Does 안 come before or after 했어? You guys dont explain everything so you always get questions like these

    • Seokjin Jin

      You can say 공부 안 했어. That sounds more natural and sometimes, we also say 안 공부했어.

  • Dev27

    술은 안 마셔요.
    I don’t drink alcohol – correct?
    감사합니다~ ^^

    • Seokjin Jin

      Yes, correct! Good job!

  • Rhine 린

    난 커피를 안 마셔요

    오늘 학교에 안 갔어요

    나는 피자를 안 먹고 싶어, 김밥을 먹고 싶어.

    Are they correct??

    감사합니다 ❤

  • Nawal

    Me : 현우씨, 그영화는 봤어요?

    현우씨 : 아니요, 안봤어요!

    Me : 진짜 안봤어요 !! 너무 좋은 이에요.

    현우씨 : 음 … 보고싶어요.

    Is my sample dialogue correct??
    thank youuuu for your great work TTMK team :))

    • Seokjin Jin

      그영화는 봤어요? > 그 영화는 봤어요?

      안봤어요 !! 너무 좋은 이에요. > 안 봤어요? 정말(너무) 좋은 영화예요.

    • Nawal

      고맙습니다 석진 씨 for the correction ^^

  • yourippehdees

    오늘은 일하고싶지안아요. 왜요? 일요일 이에요, 안 월요일 이에요.
    I don’t want to work today. Why? It’s Sunday, not Monday.

    커피에 설탕을 타지마세요.
    Please don’t put sugar in my coffee.

    나는 버스로 가요, 하지만 버스 안 와요.
    I’m going to take the bus, but the bus isn’t coming.

    어머니를 이미 전화했어요, 그리고 다시 안 전화할고예요.
    I already called my mom, so I won’t  call her again.

    내 차가 늦어서 요, 그리고 도시에 짐마차로 갈고예요.
    My car broke down, so I’m going to the city by horse and cart.

  • Pops Serrano

    so…what is jima?….i think its negative sentences too

  • Guilherme Urnau

    학교에 안 가요! –> I’m not going to the school.
    집에 가지 않아요! –> I’m not going home.
    Is it right?

  • teahundred

    I’ve got a question concerning the last example :) If someones asking me: “이거 매워요?” Can i just simply use “없어요”, too?
    btw good job, i love this website :)

    • Vichhai(계상)

      I think you should use 아니요 not 없어요!

    • Pomagranite16

      I think you should not use 없어요because it would replace 맵다 as the verb.