Level 1 Lesson 23 / Who? / 누구?

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안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are having a look at the word 누구 [nu-gu], which means “who” or “whom”, and how it is changed when used with the subject marking particle 가 [ga]. Listen in to find out how it changes and also to look at some useful sample sentences using the word 누구. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here.

  • Leela


    TTMIK 누가 창립했어요? (just for the sake of asking :) hope it is correct)
    이 웹사이트 누가 설게했어요? (Who designed the web site?)

    • Leela

      Someone asked if the following is correct : 누구 한국 사람이에요? and you corrected it to be 누가 한국 사람이에요? Isn’t the same rule applied here as for “Who is this? (This is who? 한국 사람 is who?)”

  • Anahit Sargsyan

    누가 주스를 맛있어요?

  • RJKA

    저는 물 누가 마셨어요?
    Who drank my water?

  • Briana Johnson

    If I wanted to say Who ate it? Wouldn’t it be 누구 먹었어요?

  • Asmaa

    so if I want to say who cooked that dish would it be like that
    그요리 누가 요리했어요

  • Elise Mathis

    누가 홍자 마시었어요?

    어제 누가 공부했어요?

    Are these questions correct?

    • Seokjin Jin

      마시었어요? changes to 마셨어요? :)

      Good job!

  • Maddy

    누가 당신을 내 비밀 말했어요?
    (Who told you my secret?)
    Is this correct..?
    감사합니다~ 사랑해요~ ㅋㅋㅋ
    안녕히 계세요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      누가 당신을 내 비밀 말했어요?
      > 누가 당신에게 제 비밀을 말했어요?

      내 – casual form
      제 – formal form

    • Maddy

      Will the ending -에게 be introduced in another lesson?

  • magikarpsan

    누가 숙제 끝내어요?

    Who finished the homework?

  • 다빗 David

    어제 두가 태퀀도 에 갔어요? Who went to taekwondo yesterday? Im not sure if you cant express taekwondo as a place to go in korean though, if not please let me know, Thank you for your help, TTMIK 에서 공부하다,정말 좋아해요! 감사합니다! (I just tried to make up the phrase sorry for the mistakes beforehand haha thanks ttmik^^)

    • Imani

      ”두가” 아니라 > 누가 (ㄴ)
      You’re spelling is wrong 그리고
      ”갔어요” would be 갔었어요 in this case because you’re speaking in past tense, about something that already happened because it was yesterday. So: 어제 누가 태퀀도는 갔었어요? And if you want to thank TTMKK more properly, it would probably be something like: TTMIK에서 공부는 잘했어요! 감사합니다! 아니면> TTMIK에서 잘 배웠어요 Overall I would say work on your grammar really hard before you go any further because it’s going to get harder and harder if you don’t get basic stuff like this. I would know I’m still working myself!

    • 다빗 David

      Wow.. i will do tons of review for sure, thanks, i had no idea it was 갔었어요, i thought 갔어요 was the past tense just like 왔어요 했어요 샀어요 and so on right? :( Im all mixed up now, i will definitely look into that, thank you for the help.

    • Fabiola Ricca

      I think “갔어요” is the right one, because “가다” = to go , will become “가요” in present tense, and for the past tense 가+ 았어요 = 갔어요

    • 다빗 David

      Yeah.. after reviewing loads i also think so, i went crazy thinking i had been doing it wrong all this time haha, its a relief you think the same way. 두가 is wrong for sure though, i got confused because for me the “d (ㄷ)” letter kina sounds like the “n (ㄴ)” letter sometimes x). Anyways thanks for the feedback ^^

  • Imani

    누가 죽었어요

  • Imani

    누가 제 고양이는 아이스크림을 줬어요…i dont think its right please correct me!
    Im thinking its more like 누가 제 고양이한테 아이스크림을 줬어요? ㅋㅋㅋㅋ 잘 모르겠어요 도와주세요 선생님들!!!!! ㅠㅠㅠㅠㅠ

  • John

    이사과 누가 먹었어요? Who ate this apple?

    Let me know if I got it wrong! :)

    • Nawal

      it seems right to me !!

    • Seokjin Jin

      이 사과
      You need to put a spacing after 이.

  • Nawal

    안녕하세요 TTMK team

    Here is my sample sentence I reaaaaaly hope it’s correct O:)
    이 오늘 누가 아침 식사는 요리했어요?

    고맙습니다 효진 & 현우선생님 <3

    • Seokjin Jin

      이 오늘 누가 아침 식사는 요리했어요?
      > 오늘 이 아침 식사는 누가 요리했어요?

      It was so close!

    • Nawal

      네, 맞아요 :D :D
      감사합니다 선생님 ^^

  • Shanglu

    Annyeonghaseyo. I’m sorry if I’m not using Hangul. I don’t know how to activate it in my laptop. Can you teach me? Kamsahamnida.

  • yourippehdees

    누가 내일 식사를 유리 할고예요?
    Who will cook dinner  tomorrow?

    누구 유리하는곳 좋아요?
    Who likes to cook?

    누구 영화를 보고싶어요?
    Who wants to see a movie?

    그사람 누구 제 커피를 마셨어요?
    Is that the guy who drank my coffee?

    누가 전화 하고 끊었어요?
    Who called and hung up?

    • Samuel Goh Kang Zheng

      내일 누가 식사를 유리 할 거예요?
      Who will cook dinner tomorrow?

      유리좋아하는사람 누구예요?
      Who likes to cook?

      누구 영화를 보고싶어요?
      Who wants to see a movie?

      그사람은 네 커피를 마셨어요?
      Is that the guy who drank my coffee?

      누가 전화 하고 끊었어요?
      Who called and hung up?

      누가 번데기를 다 먹었어요?
      Who ate all the beondegi?

      I made some edits here and there. I really like your sentences:D

    • yourippehdees

      Thanks for the help! Just trying to have a little fun and maybe crack myself up.

  • Chiayin Lee

    누가 만두 먹었어요?

    이 게익 누가 샀어요?

  • Urenu

    누가 고양이 먹었어요?

  • Khalifa Saeed Al-Mehairi

    이거 누가 먹었어요?

  • PenguinBeng

    Is the knock knock spelled as 똑똑똑?

    It’s funny how in our country when we knock on someone’s door most of us actually say out loud that 똑똑 while knocking on the door (I do that all the time) :P

    “똑똑똑!” is then followed by “Is there anyone in the house?”

    Setting that aside, for the activity…

    누가 학교 앞에서 춤추했었어 몰라요 (I don’t know the one who danced in front of the school)
    Please help T_T I really have no idea how to make this sentence

  • https://www.facebook.com/pages/Miles-Younkin-Pottery/1501563486771653?ref=aymt_homepage_panel Miles Younkin

    누가 어제 도서관에서 책 읽했어요. (Who read/was reading the book in the library yesterday?)

    Kind of guessed at the word order for the most part. Also sorry I used some different fonts, sometimes the characters don’t fit into the same block when I type so I have to find them elsewhere and copy and paste. It’s very annoying, does anyone have any tips on typing them out? I can’t get 했 for example.

    • Samuel Goh Kang Zheng

      You almost got it! 어제 도서관에서 누가 책을 읽었어요?

  • Eva

    누구 먹었어요? = Who ate it?

    Is that correct?

    Is this sentence correct?

    Who ate the chocolate?

    누구 초고맅 먹었어요?

    How do you write ‘Is it Jane who ate the chocolate?’ and ‘Who ate the chocolate we bought yesterday?’

    You’re lessons are so helpful! I’ve learned so much in, just in the first level!
    Many thanks!! ^^

    • Samuel Goh Kang Zheng

      You misspelt chocolate. I think the correct way of expressing ‘Is it Jane who ate the chocolate?’ is 제인이 초콜릿 먹었어요? and ‘Who ate the chocolate we bought yesterday?’ is 어제 산 초콜릿 누가 먹었어요?

    • Eva

      Oh, thank you so much! ^^

  • Ru

    오늘 누가 학교에 왔어요?

  • Guilherme Urnau

    누가 내 집에 왔어요? Who came to my house?
    Is it right?

  • Jamie

    누가 내 피자 먹었어요? = Who ate my pizza?

    Is that correct? Thanks!

  • http://remembermagnolias.tumblr.com Ali

    Hope these are right :P
    누가 처를 사랑해요?
    누가 선생님이예요? 누가 학생이예요?
    누가 교실을 청소했어요?
    누가 안 먹었어요?

  • 지굼 그실에서 누가 공부해요?

  • Wendra Setiawan

    A : 노가 한국에 가고 싶어요?

    B : 저요!
    Is that right ??

    감사합니다 선생님 for the lesson!

  • Wendra Setiawan

    Actually, that knock sound which you used in korea is the same as what we use in my country

  • Suvi

    If I don’t remember to add subject marking particle in real life conversation does Korean people still understand me? It is little bit difficult to me to understand about emphasizing part..

  • Dania Freih

    이사람 누구예요?
    누가 요리했어요?
    좋아요 ??

  • Min


    Ive tried composing 5 sentences i hope you could correct me if there is any mistakes ^^

    1) 누가 태휸이여요? / who is taehyun?
    2) 그 사라은 누구여요? / who is that person ?
    3) 오늘은 누구 왔어요? / who came today?
    4) 이거 누가 마싰어요 ? / who drink this?
    5) 이거 누가 먹었어요? / who ate this ?

    • alisu

      1) 누가 태휸이(에)요?

      2) 그 사(람)은 누구(예)요?
      4) 이거 누가 마(셨)어요?

      Yes? No? I don’t know too. But those are the corrections I did. :)

  • JangGyeongHwan

    누가 하슬이에요?

  • Liliya Voloshenyuk

    ok..are these correct?

    누가우유 마셨어유? : who drank the milk?
    누가 초밥 먹었어요? :who ate the sushi?
    누가 꺼피 마시고 싶어요? :who wants to drink coffee?

    • ethel :)

      I’m learning too but I think it’s 누가 우유 마셨어요?, and coffee is 커피!^^

  • Marlee

    Hope these are right, haha :)
    어제 누가 만났어요? Who did you meet yesterday
    누가 물 마셨어요? Who drank water?
    누가 안 웃어요? Who is not smiling?

    • alisu

      Looks right to me :)