Level 1 Lesson 23 / Who? / 누구?

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안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are having a look at the word 누구 [nu-gu], which means “who” or “whom”, and how it is changed when used with the subject marking particle 가 [ga]. Listen in to find out how it changes and also to look at some useful sample sentences using the word 누구. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.


You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Leela

    안녕하세요!

    TTMIK 누가 창립했어요? (just for the sake of asking :) hope it is correct)
    이 웹사이트 누가 설게했어요? (Who designed the web site?)

    • Leela

      Someone asked if the following is correct : 누구 한국 사람이에요? and you corrected it to be 누가 한국 사람이에요? Isn’t the same rule applied here as for “Who is this? (This is who? 한국 사람 is who?)”

  • Anahit Sargsyan

    누가 주스를 맛있어요?

  • RJKA

    저는 물 누가 마셨어요?
    Who drank my water?

  • Briana Johnson

    If I wanted to say Who ate it? Wouldn’t it be 누구 먹었어요?

  • Asmaa

    so if I want to say who cooked that dish would it be like that
    그요리 누가 요리했어요

  • Elise Mathis

    누가 홍자 마시었어요?

    어제 누가 공부했어요?

    Are these questions correct?

    • Seokjin Jin

      마시었어요? changes to 마셨어요? :)

      Good job!

  • Maddy

    누가 당신을 내 비밀 말했어요?
    (Who told you my secret?)
    Is this correct..?
    감사합니다~ 사랑해요~ ㅋㅋㅋ
    안녕히 계세요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      누가 당신을 내 비밀 말했어요?
      > 누가 당신에게 제 비밀을 말했어요?

      내 – casual form
      제 – formal form

    • Maddy

      감사합니다!!
      Will the ending -에게 be introduced in another lesson?

  • magikarpsan

    누가 숙제 끝내어요?

    Who finished the homework?

  • 다빗 David

    어제 두가 태퀀도 에 갔어요? Who went to taekwondo yesterday? Im not sure if you cant express taekwondo as a place to go in korean though, if not please let me know, Thank you for your help, TTMIK 에서 공부하다,정말 좋아해요! 감사합니다! (I just tried to make up the phrase sorry for the mistakes beforehand haha thanks ttmik^^)

    • Imani

      ”두가” 아니라 > 누가 (ㄴ)
      You’re spelling is wrong 그리고
      ”갔어요” would be 갔었어요 in this case because you’re speaking in past tense, about something that already happened because it was yesterday. So: 어제 누가 태퀀도는 갔었어요? And if you want to thank TTMKK more properly, it would probably be something like: TTMIK에서 공부는 잘했어요! 감사합니다! 아니면> TTMIK에서 잘 배웠어요 Overall I would say work on your grammar really hard before you go any further because it’s going to get harder and harder if you don’t get basic stuff like this. I would know I’m still working myself!

    • 다빗 David

      Wow.. i will do tons of review for sure, thanks, i had no idea it was 갔었어요, i thought 갔어요 was the past tense just like 왔어요 했어요 샀어요 and so on right? :( Im all mixed up now, i will definitely look into that, thank you for the help.

    • Fabiola Ricca

      I think “갔어요” is the right one, because “가다” = to go , will become “가요” in present tense, and for the past tense 가+ 았어요 = 갔어요

  • Imani

    누가 죽었어요

  • Imani

    누가 제 고양이는 아이스크림을 줬어요…i dont think its right please correct me!
    Im thinking its more like 누가 제 고양이한테 아이스크림을 줬어요? ㅋㅋㅋㅋ 잘 모르겠어요 도와주세요 선생님들!!!!! ㅠㅠㅠㅠㅠ