Level 1 Lesson 23 / Who? / 누구?

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안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are having a look at the word 누구 [nu-gu], which means “who” or “whom”, and how it is changed when used with the subject marking particle 가 [ga]. Listen in to find out how it changes and also to look at some useful sample sentences using the word 누구. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.


You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • lina

    안녕하세요…선생님 :)
    I wrote some sentences..
    who studies? who is studying?
    누가 곰부 해 요?
    who studied yesterday?
    어 제 누가 곰부 했 어 요?
    is it correct?? = how could I say this sentence in Korean??
    감사합니다….^^

  • lina_dam

    안녕하세요…선생님 :)
    I wrote some sentences..
    who studies? who is studying?
    누가 곰부 해 요?
    who studied yesterday?
    어 제 누가 곰부 했 어 요?
    did I say that correctly?
    감사합니다….^^

  • https://www.facebook.com/Lola.Beom khaoula

    hello !!
    this my 1st homework here !!
    i hope i did well !
    당신은 누구를 찾습니까 ? :)
    누가할것입니까? ;)
    누가저의피자를먹었어요? >_<
    thank you ! ^^*

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      누가할것입니까? > 누가 할 것입니까?

      누가저의피자를먹었어요 > 누가 저의 피자를 먹었어요?

  • Devin Doss

    오늘 누가 먹었어요?
    Is it correct?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Correct! :)

    • JungHyun

      From how i read it, is the translation by Devin written as “Who ate today?” =)

    • Seokjin Jin

      Yes. :)

  • Taskin Kodag

    누가 노래했어요?

  • John

    When I was taking notes on this lesson, I realized it might be a little easier for some people to understand when to use 누구 or 누가 if they think about it in the context of the reply instead of the question. At least I know it was a little confusing to me until I thought about it this way.

    – For example, with “Who is it?” a person would reply “It is Jane” or “This is Jane.” Jane is the object of the verb, not the subject. So in Korean you phrase the question using 누구.
    – If you ask “Who is Jane?” or “Who did it?” a person would reply “Jane is my cousin.” or “Jane did it.” Jane is now the subject of the reply, so you would use 누가 when asking the question.

    So when the answer to the question of “who” is the subject of the reply, that’s when you switch to 누가. Hope that helps someone. :]

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Thansk for sharing your tip! :)

    • Madie

      I was confused about 누구 and 누가 but thanks to you I finally understand! 정말 감사합니다! :D

  • Cait

    Joe-song-hap-ni-da, this computer does not allow me to type the Hangul symbols, so I have to use the romanization…
    “nu-gu eu-reu-reong-dae-eo-yo?” “Maggie eu-reu-reong-dae-eo-sseo-yo.” “Nu-ga Maggie ye-yo?” “Maggie nae gae i-sseo-yo.”
    =====> “Who is growling?” “Maggie growled.” “Who is Maggie?” “Maggie is my dog.”
    Is this correct? :) gam-sa-hap-ni-da!!

  • g

    what is the difference between 만들다 and 하다? please!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      만들다 means “to make” and 하다 means “to do”.

  • Eunna

    If I change 오늘 누가 먹었어요 to 오늘 누구 먹었어요, would it mean ‘Who did you eat today?’

  • McKoy

    이거 누가 샀어요? —-> Who bought this?

    is this right?

  • Sophie

    Homework ^^
    이 맥주 누가 마싰어요?
    그 사람 누구 예요?

  • Daniel

    Hello, first homework here for me! :)
    Who sings / who is singing
    누구 노레헤요

    • Daniel

      Who sang?
      누구 노래헸어요

  • hiba

    누가 집을 청소할 거예요 ?

    correct ?

    감사합니다 ^^

  • Rob

    Hopefully this is proper grammar.
    “그 노래는 누가 불렀아요?”
    “Who sang that song?”

    Am I correct in the structure for this sentence? I wasn’t 100% sure on if the 는 was required after 노래 for one thing.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      불렀아요 > 불렀어요

      Except this, it is perfect.

  • Monica

    왕의 남자 누가 봤어요?

    Am i Right??
    Who watched The King and the Clown?

  • Erika

    “동창생” 영화 누가 봤어요?

    맞아요?

    감사함니다!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      네. 맞아요. Good job! 잘 쓰셨어요!

  • Ana Camila Bringel

    그 책 누가 팔았어요?
    Correct?

  • Hafsa

    누구세요? ‘Who is it?’ :)

  • eman

    hello
    누가 김치 만들었어요?
    었어요 means “there is” right ?
    what does it mean in this sentence ?
    also is this question correct ?
    누가노리 했어요?

    thank you soo much

    • Seokjin Jin

      It will be difficult to understand if you divide the expression 만들었어요 into 만들 and 었어요. It is the past tense form of 만들다 to make.

      누가 김치 만들었어요? – Who made the kimch?

      If you meant “who cooked it?”, then “누가 요리했어요” is correct.

  • https://www.facebook.com/kristinejoy.catan.7 Kristine Joy Catan

    노가 잘 춤을, 가이 또는 레이?
    “Who dances well, Kai or Lay?”
    안녕하세요 선생님!

    Is it correct?

    • Seokjin Jin

      누가 춤을 잘 춰요? 카이? 아니면 레이?

  • JungHyun

    Hi TTMIK team, is this sentence correct?
    오늘은 런닝 멘 누가 봤어요?
    Who watched Running Man today?

    • Seokjin Jin

      오늘은 누가 런닝맨을 봤어요?

    • JungHyun

      감사합니다 Seokjin =)

      So in that case,
      Who ate the Kimchi yesterday? = 어제는 누가 김치 먹었어요?
      I ate the Kimchi. = 김치가 먹었어요.