Level 1 Lesson 5 / It’s me, What is it? / 이에요,예요

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After listening to this lesson, you can form simple present tense sentences like “It’s water.” “It’s me.” or “It’s a dictionary.” and you can also ask “What is it?” in Korean. The basic way in which Korean sentences are formed is different from the way English sentences are formed because the position of the verb in a sentence is different. In Korean, the verb “to be” comes AFTER a noun, and you can learn how to form simple “to be” sentences in Korean by listening to this episode of TalkToMeInKorean. Be sure to use the free PDF attached to this lesson as well.


You can read more about this grammar point at this Korean Wiki Project page.

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Dinara

    저는 안 학생이예요…

    • Serap Yalçıner

      this sentence is false. Because “학생” last letter is consonant. We use 이에요. Not 이예요!!!!!!! Right ??

    • Sinyeong Kim

      Serap, you’re right. 저는 학생 “이에요.” is right, and if you wanna say “I’m not a student,” 저는 학생이 아니에요. is the right sentence :)

  • Francess Cruz Sanchez

    Why do you pronounce the “L” like the “r”

    • Jossy Leon

      Because “ㄹ” at the begenning of a word it’s “R” sound and at the end is “L” sound. But if next to “ㄹ” is “ㅇ” whereas is 아 이 어 오, etc. It will sound as “R”. And if next to “ㄹ” there’s another “ㄹ” it will sound as “L” too.
      For example:
      런던 – London (pronunciation: rondon)
      물이에요 – It’s water (pronunciation: murieyo)
      딸 – Daughter (pronunciation: ddal)
      칠레- Chile -the country- (pronunciation: chile)
      I hope this has helped n_n

  • Francess Cruz Sanchez

    And do you pronounce the “m” like the “b”
    and the “n” like the “d”

    • Seokjin Jin

      Well, you will get used to the pronunciations if you listen to Korean conversation more. When we pronounce ㄴ or ㅁ, there is no plosive sound.

  • Amine Laifi

    thank you for the lesson

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks for studying with us. :)

  • Faith Hearon

    are 예요 and 나는/저는 similar or the same?

    • Owen

      No, 예요 is means “it is” and 저는 means “I” but you use 저는 when you are stating something like “I am ….” and use 예요 as if you are asking “Are you?”

  • Natalie Baptiste

    Great lesson but there is a no romanization break up of the syllables hard to follow with just the sounds

  • Leiza

    This lesson is a great one. It really help me a lot to identify “Iyeyo” and “Yeyo”
    Can you write in Korean those words?

    • YH

      이에요,예요

  • Serap Yalçıner

    Thank you for the lesson^^ And İ will study hard :) ahahahah

  • Serap Yalçıner

    선생님 ?!?!?!?

    Is it true this paragraph ??? Please ansewer me ?!?!?!?

    와 [wa] when the last letter of the word ends in a vowel.
    괴 [kwa] when the last letter of the word ends in a consonant.

    Examples:

    사과와 오렌지
    [sa-gwa-wa o-ren-ji]
    apple and orange

    사람괴 동물
    [sa-ram-kwa dong-mool]
    people and animals

    • JooyeonPark

      I think there is a typo which is ‘괴’.
      It’s not ‘괴’ but ‘과’ (kwa)
      Other than that, everything is right :)

  • Serap Yalçıner

    “음” What mean is it ?? My korean friend always use it … But i dont understand :D ahahahahaha

    • JooyeonPark

      It has no meaning. It’s just like ‘well..’ in English.

  • kingsamuraijack

    please help.
    when they say ” 물이에요 ” (mul-i-e-yo), why does it sounds like ” 불이에요 ” (bul-i-e-yo).
    Does “ㅁ/m” in start sound like “ㅂ/b” ?

  • Tracy Wong

    I want to check with you on whether I have used it right in the examples below (감사합니다!):

    수박이에요 (It is a watermelon)

    다른 남자예요 (It is a different man)

  • http://forums.allkpop.com/members/simonve.316547/ Simon Vermeulen

    So if I’m correct it doesn’t really matter when you use i-e-yo or ye-yo? You can just use ye-yo at all times? Because ye-yo is much easier to pronounce then i-e-yo :)

    • Seokjin Jin

      Ah…. that’s not right. After the letter with final consonant, you can use 이에요 and except that situation, you can use 예요.

      For example,
      석진이에요
      현우예요
      경화예요

  • yumin

    can 뭐여요 be used in the ‘what’s wrong / what’s going on?’ context too?

    • Tony

      Yes, it can. But 뭐예요 is the correct form (여 -> 예).
      뭐예요? = What is it? What’s going on? 무슨 일이예요? = What’s the matter?
      뭐야? 무슨일이야? are the impolite, hostile versions of them.

  • Serenity Maria

    The Korean Embassy in my country are giving classes which I recently found out about. Even though they have already started the classes, I joined in. However they are using -ᄇ니다, and I am a bit confused about the rules. Is there any materials you have about the rules when using -ᄇ니다. Please help. Thank you

    • Seokjin Jin

      -ㅂ니다 is often regarded as “text book” form and actually, -이에요 and -예요 are normally used in daily dialogues. As far as I know, we don’t have a lesson for the pattern. I am sorry.

    • Serenity Maria

      Thank you. I understand -이에요 and -예요 thanks to you guys^^. I have to do some extra studying thank you.

  • learning

    i speak some french from school. the final consonant rule is similar to french.

  • Guest

    안녕하세요
    저 Korea lover 이예요 .♥ :^)
    ♡♥♡♥♡♥
    감사합니다

  • Guest

    죄송합니다 for this mistake
    *이에요

  • Zahra

    안녕하세요
    저 Korea lover 이에요 .♡ :^)
    감사합니다
    ♡♥♡♥♡

  • yourippehdees

    내자가예요. 자가 작이에요. 자가 힁예요. 안이요 – 희자를 싫어해요!

  • echos

    It’s quite a challenge to study Korean language and work at the same time. But you guys are helping me a lot. Keep it up ;)

    • JooyeonPark

      Thank you for your kind words! :)
      That really helps us keep doing it.
      I know it’s not easy to study other language but you are doing it just right with us. Haha!
      So, plz keep studying with us! :D

  • Vanesa

    So when do you use 입니다?

    • JooyeonPark

      “입니다” is more formal than “이에요”. So, it’s used in relatively formal and conservative situation like in the office or military.
      and also it is usually (not always) used when you speak to many people,
      Plus, you will see “입니다” a lot in written Korean like in Korean books. :)

      Hope it’s helpful!

  • TheInactiveWall

    So how do you know the difference between someone asking “are YOU a student” and “am I a student”. I don’t know why you would want to ask why you yourself are a student but I hope you get what I mean. They both are hagsaeng I-e-yo but you wouldn’t know if the person asking that is asking if you are a student or if he himself is a student… right?

    • Lee

      The only reason I can think why you would say that is if someone asked you if you were a student & you was just clarifying what they were asking. I would think it would be “jeonun hagseng i e yo”? with the raised infliction at the end to ask a question.

    • TheInactiveWall

      Ah I see. “jeonun” means i, right?

    • Janeth

      In writting, If you write 학생이에요. It means “I am a student.” if you write 학생이에요? It means asking question “Are you a student?” but if you say it. If you listen to the audio..difference is the tone at the end, question tends to end with high into. If you get what I mean. Like in English..

    • TheInactiveWall

      Ah yeah ofcourse I get it now, thanks :p Kinda obvious. Must have been tired when I typed that comment.

  • https://www.facebook.com/yinara94 Noor M. Ahmed

    안녕하세요 ~ SO we use 예요 after vowels and 이에요 after consonants, right? but what if it’s easier to use 예요 with a word supposed to use 이에요 with? 감사합니다

  • Jana

    Hi, I am Jana from the US. I just wanted to thank you for your help in all these free lessons. I am 60 years old and you make it very easy for me to follow along and learn. I am really enjoying these and its one of the things I can mark off my bucket list!

  • Pomagranite16

    So is it written 저여요 as one word or 저 여요 as two words?

    • JooyeonPark

      Did you mean “It’s me”?
      then, you can say “저예요”.

  • Janeth

    I’ve been trying to learn Korean Language for about a month now thru language exchange, find yahoo answers or go check youtube and I even used google ofcourse and type in “How to say -this and that etc.~ in korean?”
    and this site always shows up on the list but I don’t really open it. I didnt care. I mean not interested in it because it doesnt show me the direct or immediate answer or the translation for the sentence I was looking for. So I think this website wont help me, but my impression was all wrong! I didnt know that this website will really help me alot. Specially with pronounciation, clarification and answers with all the questions I have in mind about Korean Language. Awesome site. The “owner” or “founder” I think I saw him somewhere on youtube before and I even read a short information about him being not just a bi but a multilingual, so I got impressed. I thought the Page Founder was not a native speaker but he is! This is the first day I dared open this page and it was a big YES! It was not a wasted after all. I found what i was looking for. Thank you for this awesome website! Please continue to create more blog entry so we can learn more about your language! -Okay I’ve wrote enough- 좋밤! 감사함니다!^^
    Ill surely visit your cafe very soon! :)

  • http://janethpogee.tumblr.com Janeth

    I’ve been trying to learn Korean Language for about a month now thru language exchange, find yahoo answers or go check youtube and I even used google ofcourse and type in “How to say -this and that etc.~ in korean?”
    and this site always shows up on the list but I don’t really open it. I didnt care. I mean not interested in it because it doesnt show me the direct or immediate answer or the translation for the sentence I was looking for. So I think this website wont help me, but my impression was all wrong! I didnt know that this website will really help me alot. Specially with pronounciation, clarification and answers with all the questions I have in mind about Korean Language. Awesome site. The “owner” or “founder” I think I saw him somewhere on youtube before and I even read a short information about him being not just a bi but a multilingual, so I got impressed. I thought the Page Founder was not a native speaker but he is! This is the first day I dared open this page and it was a big YES! It was not a waste after all. I found what i was looking for. Thank you for this awesome website! Please continue to create more blog entry so we can learn more about your language! -Okay I’ve wrote enough- 좋밤! 감사함니다!^^
    Ill surely visit your cafe very soon! :)

  • Lloyd

    슈퍼마켓이에요? 아니요 약국이에요.
    이거 뭐예요?… 우유? 우유 아니에요. 커피예요.

  • StarSuga

    안녕하세요! 저는 학생이에요. :)

  • Miranda Sze Ching Ti

    안녕하세요. Why “학교예요?” can mean “are you at school now?” ?How can the meaning of “at” be expressed in this sentence? 감사함니다!

  • Egizia

    Thank you so much!! I wanna learn Korean so much, and I’m happy now cause I found you!!
    감사입니다!!! :)