Level 1 Lesson 6 / What is this?, This is …. / 이거, 이거 뭐예요?

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In this lesson you can review a little bit of what you learned in the previous lesson (very important stuff!). And you can also learn how to say “this” in Korean, how to ask “What is this?” and how to answer with “This is ABC.”

“This” = 이거 [i-geo] or 이것 [i-geot]
“What is this?” = 이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?]

Listen to the lesson to learn more about these important words and phrases, and if you have any questions or feedback, as always, make sure you post them in the comment for this lesson. Thank you! 감사합니다. ^_^

You can read more about this grammar point at this Korean Wiki Project page.

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Y

    I can’t differentiate on listening the differences between yeo & eyeo(?), does it make a huge difference if we use it wrongly?

    • Annie Ramich

      Nope. It isn’t a huge issue but it is better if you know the difference.

  • Annie Ramich

    Hey guys! I got a question and I am going to try to explain it the best I can.. For 이것… if it is pronounced as i-geot why is it spelled as 것 instead of 겉?

    • Valentin Saulas

      Hi Annie,
      It is about the prononcing of the final letter(s) (called patchim).
      ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ, ㅎ will be spoken as “t” at the end of a word.
      So 이것, 이걷, 이겄, 이겆, 이겇, 이겉 and 이겋 will all sound the same “i-geot”

    • Touadi Sihem

      Excuse me , but how do you know how to pronounce them then? Is there a rule or something? I mean like you said like ㅂ and ㄱ in pusan and kae-go-gi , if there’s a way or a rule for that ,it would be so helpful and i would be very grateful ^^

    • Valentin Saulas

      Hi Touadi,
      Yes there are many rules of pronunciation in korean.

      I will put the main ones in this comment. For advanced pronunciation rules, you can look to the links at the end of the comment.

      1. initial sounds (first syllable)
      ㄱ sounds like ‘k’ 개고기 = kae-go-gi
      ㅂsounds like ‘p’ 부산 = Pusan
      ㅈ sounds like ‘ch’ 제주 = Ché-ju
      ㄷ sounds like ‘t’ 대한민국 = Tae-han-min-guk

      2. Final sound (for a stand-alone syllable = at the end of a word)

      * ㄱ, ㄲ, ㅋ, ㄱㅅ, ㄹㄱ sound like ‘k’ 닭 = tak
      * ㄴ, ㄴㅈ sound like ‘n’
      * ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅌ sound like ‘t’ 이것 = i-geot
      * ㄹ, ㄹㅂ, ㅅㄹ, ㄹㅌ sound like ‘L’ : 여덟 = ‘yeo-deol’
      * ㅁ, ㄹㅁ like ‘m’
      *ㅂ, ㅍ, ㅂㅅ, ㄹㅍ like p
      *ㅇ as ‘ng’ 영 = yeong

      3. final sound of the syllable within a word

      * If followed by a consonnant, pronounced as in rule 1. : 있다 = itda
      * If followed by a vowel, it is pronunced with the vowel using the consonant’s original sound : 있어요 = isseo-yo

      3. Rule for ㅅ
      * Pronunced as ‘sh’ with ‘i’ : 시옷 = shi -ot
      * Pronunced as ‘s’ with the other vowels : 사람= sa-ram

      4. consonant assimilation

      * ㄴ+ ㄹ is pronunced as ㄹ+ㄹ. The best example is the Shilla kingdom : 신리 pronunced “Shilla”
      * ㅂ+ㄴsounds like ㅁ+ㄴ. This is why a verb in its polite formal form, for example 감사합니디 is pronunced ‘kam-sa-ham-ni-da’ ; it ends in ‘haM-ni-da’ and not in ‘haB-ni-da’

      There are other rules but those are enough to start with.

      LINKS:

      * Somes basic rules : http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Korean/Essential_Pronunciation_Rules

      * Advanced rules (plus other material about korean language, it is a course by Lee Chul Young) : http://www.dickgrune.com/NatLang/Korean/Lee_Chul_Young,Korean_Grammar_Textbook,indexed.pdf

  • Zahra

    1/A: 이거 뭐예요?
    B: 이거 우산이에요 .
    2/A: 이거 뭐예요?
    B: 이거 잡지예요 .
    고맙습니다 선생님 ^^

  • angel

    안녕하네요, 저는 학생이에요
    감사합니다

    i hope i say this right? i’ve tried so many other websites and i find this one is the easiest to learn from, so 감사합니다 again

    • Nawal

      I find this website the best too ^^

  • yourippehdees

    이거 뭐예요?
    이거 컴퓨터 하고 마우스 이에요.
    이거 뭐예요?
    이거 고영 이에요.
    너고영 이에요?
    안이요. 고영 없어요.
    이거 뭐 예요?
    이거 아내가이에요.
    이거? 이거 안조아요. 이사람 아내 더조아요. 맛아요?

  • Bayan Abd

    just wanna thank you for your great work,what a great website !

  • TheInactiveWall

    Lol that ending! I love your work tho, it is insanely helpful and I don’t think I could do this without you guys! Keep up the good work!

  • Alanda Benny

    Now I have the confidence that I can once speak Korean fluently… Thank u a lot guys…

    • Seokjin Jin

      Great!

  • Katrice Joanne

    Hi, I’m confused. What is the difference between saying “[ABC]이에요” & “이거, [ABC]이에요”? 정말 감사합니다!!

  • Susan Eberhardt

    So I said “이거 책이에요?” while holding a book to a teacher at my school and he replied “This is not my book.” in English…. what is the difference between A book and MY book?