Level 1 Lesson 7 / This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

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In this lesson, you can learn how to say “this” “that” “it” and “the” in Korean. In English, “this” and “that” can work as both modifiers and pronouns, but you need to use different words in Korean. This is because in Korean “this” as in “this is a book” is composed of two parts, 이 (this) + 거 (thing). Find out more about how to use these words in Korean by listening to the lesson and checking out the free PDF file attached to the lesson. If you have any question, as always, please feel free to leave them here! 감사합니다!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here.

  • Cookie

    I recognized that you say geot with a “t” sound at the end altough it’s written with a s. That confused me a little bit. So do you pronounce “s” at the end of a word like a “t”? (Unfortunately I don’t have hangul on my Keyboard)

    • King Badrul

      Yes.. For this, you will have to review on how to read Korean.. The S pronounced as T is one of the Batchim rules (final consonant rules)..

    • Seokjin Jin

      At the end of a word or before a consonant, all Korean consonants are pronounced without releasing air and as a result, the sound changes. For the ㅅ sound, it turns to a ㄷ (t) sound because you are not releasing any air when finishing the word. For example, 옷 (ot) is pronounced with the “t/d” sound because your tongue is kind of trapped between your teeth when you’re finished!! It’s really hard to not release any air when saying the ㅅ sound, so the t/d sound (ㄷ) is used to ease pronunciation. There are a number of consonants that change sounds at the end of a word, so please refer to this chart: http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v492/smorriskc/FinalChart.png

      If you have any more questions, please ask!!

    • Cookie

      Ah, okay! Now I understand…Thank you very much! Thank you for your hard work!^^

  • Rowan Kelleher

    Great lesson!

    ALTHOUGH I’m getting confused with how you mention pronouns and modifiers. I’ve always been taught a pronoun replaces a noun (I,she, it etc.) but, in this lesson you say ‘This is my car’ I don’t understand how ‘this’ can be a pronoun.

    I also don’t understand what you mean by the term modifiers. I tried looking online but, couldn’t find anything.

    Could someone please help me on this :)


  • Nubaisha Ali

    This podcasts are so amazing and helpful, i have learnt so much, thanks guys!!!!! :D

  • artmis Gh


    so can I say 이사람 제어머니예요.or 저사람 학생이에요 ?

  • Suman Ali

    I LOVE TTMIK honestly you guys are amazing!!
    So basically i can say anything with 이, 그, 저 and itll make this, that : object right? And if im in a korean store and i say that the object i need is 이거 (which is closer to me) and then i ask for 그거 is it right ???

  • Rebecca Santos

    What’s the difference betwwen 이 사람 and 그 사람? Because the second one is for when your talking about someone that’s not there, am I right? So then what would the first one be used for?

    • Jiya

      이 사람 is when someone is near you, not near the other person. 그 사람 is when it’s far away from you/near the other person or when it’s not in your sight.

      Hope I helped! :D

  • bricenooo

    can somebody please explain to me the difference between 그것 and just 그?

  • tomer yaul

    after hearing and reading i have a couple of questions:
    1) what if i am not talking about an object? this /that subject /lesson /time /moment /thought (and more are all none physical things that i can’t point at and are not close to me or far away). would the same rules apply? (i have a feeling this and that have more to it then this).
    2) would i use the same sentence structure as a question for all 3 ways of this/that?