Level 1 Lesson 7 / This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

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In this lesson, you can learn how to say “this” “that” “it” and “the” in Korean. In English, “this” and “that” can work as both modifiers and pronouns, but you need to use different words in Korean. This is because in Korean “this” as in “this is a book” is composed of two parts, 이 (this) + 거 (thing). Find out more about how to use these words in Korean by listening to the lesson and checking out the free PDF file attached to the lesson. If you have any question, as always, please feel free to leave them here! 감사합니다!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • narjes

    for example, we use “geu-sajeon” to say (that dictionary). Then what is “gue-geo-sajeon” Is it still that dictionary?

    • Samala

      Geo means thing. If you were to say Geu geo sajeon, you would be saying: “That thing dictionary”.

    • Juanis

      Yeah, basically 거 doesn’t go with an object, because when you say 거 you’re talking about a thing, something that you don’t what it is. but when you add dictionary to it (an object) That would replace the thing, since dictionary is the thing you’re talking about.

      I dont know if i explained it very well but i hope it helped!

  • Sousou

    I’ve started listening to your lessons 3weeks ago and i’m really progressing my korean, i’m from Algeria (north africa) and we don’t have schools that teach korean i’m really thankfull to you guys thanks to your effors i can now imagine my self watching a korean drama without english subtitles!

    • Seokjin Jin

      Wow, that’s a great progress! I am so happy to help you develop your Korean skill.

  • Chiao-Min Cheng

    i have searched the website of learning Korean for a long time. i think ” Talk To Me In Korean” is the best that i have ever used. it’s so easy and simple to understand. Thanks a lot. i will have a perfect summer vacation with “talk to me in korean”.

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks so much for your comment. :) We are so pleased to read your comment! We will try our best to make better contents. :)

  • jami s


    erm can someone please help me?

    i still don’t really understand what the difference is when you use “거” in this context and when you don’t use it…

    please help

    감사합니다 ^_^

    • Juanis

      I have the same question!!!

    • Juanis

      Oh! 거 makes it “Pronounced” like for example if you were to say 그 (that) you cant say it by it self/ alone. so you add the 거 to make it “That thing.”

  • Priya kannan

    i enjoyed this session well explained gamsahapmidha.

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks so much for your comment and nice photo. :)

    • Priya kannan

      you are welcome..^-^

  • Djilian Foster

    I didn’t understand well diffrence between 이거 ( pronoun ) and the other 이거 :(

    • OpparDoesntLoveYou

      “이거” is used as a pronoun as in you use it to describe a noun. Example: “this is my food.” you are describing that the food belongs to you. Another example: “this is a toothbrush.” You are describing that the object is a toothbrush.

      However, if you are not going to describe something and you just want to point it out, you say “이” not “이거”. Example: “this man” “this pencil”. You are not describing the object, you are directing attention to it.

      I hope I explained it well. Sorry if I was no help.

    • Djilian Foster

      Thanks It’s very helpful -Kam sa hap ni da ^^

  • Juanis

    I dont get something. if i say “그 camera” it is “that camera”. But what is the translation in english if i say 그거, 이거 and -저거?

  • Juanis

    What do you mean it makes them prnounced? So 그거 and 그 both mean the same thing? Whats the difference?


    • Seokjin Jin

      이, 그, 저 work as a pronoun but it can not be used by itself.
      그 can mean “that” in English but it can not be used alone. 그거 and 그것 are same. For the easy usage, we often say it as 그거, and it means that thing.

    • Juanis

      Thank you! But if i say 그 camera. it is that camera right? and its correct right?
      And what is the translation in english if i say 이거 and 저거?


  • Juanis

    What is the difference between 그거 and 그?

    • Juanis

      그= That (Cant be used by itself)

      그거= That Thing.

      ps: If you want to say just “That”, you would say 그거 since 그 Cant be used by itself.

  • Juanis

    When it is something you cant see,그거 would just be when you mean “that” right? what if you want to refer to something you cant see with the word “this”?

    • Seokjin Jin

      If the something is invisible thing like opinion, and idea. You may use “이거” but except that case, you can’t use “이거” when you can’t see anything.

    • Juanis

      Im confused :S If i want to talk about something invisible with the word “This” How would i say it?

    • Seokjin Jin

      Hm…. Would you make some examples? Then, I think it will be easier for me to explain them.

    • Juanis

      If i walk into a room and there´s something going on (a situation) and i want to say “what is this?” Im not referring to an object, but to a situation.

  • Mi’Noù Chà

    hi plz i want to learn korean alphabet first b’cuz i want to be able to read and write korea before that

  • נטע ברנור

    I have a question–
    does 이거 and 저거 can refer to a parson? And does 그거 can?
    which one of them can refer to a person?
    I didn’t quite get that.
    anyway, 잠사합니다 !

    • Seokjin Jin

      No, it will sound rude if I say 거 or 것 when I refer a person.

      You should say 이 사람, 저 사람 and 그 사람.

  • Thái Vũ

    Hello ( :

    Thank you for the interesting lessons. I love them!

    I’m just wondering the usage of:
    이가, 그가, 저가
    여기, 거이, 저이
    Is there any differences?

    Thanks a lot!

  • cheong yana

    we use
    with Stuff or things and we can use 이-그-저 for both persons and things or stuff

    right ?????? please answer me .감사합니다!

  • hannah moren

    So it’s kinda similar to?

  • paul walther

    These lessons are great but I can’t tell when the host is joking or being serious? At least the hostess is just as confused as I am. Good lessons though.

  • Veduki

    안녕하세요! I’m pretty sure no one will ever read this comment :p But I would like to thank the teachers for teaching korean in such a good fashion. I started learning korean only a couple of days ago (already know the korean alphabet) and I have gotten this far in your lessons. Maybe it’s because I practise allot, but I’d like to give some of the credit to the people behind these awesome, and easy to understand lessons! 감사함니다 and 안녕히가세요 ;)

    • Seokjin Jin

      안녕하세요! Don’t worry. I read your comment and it was so touching. Thanks so much!

  • Vers

    Um, I was wondering whether if 그거 is used for something close to someone you know only or it can be applied to something close to, lets say if were a stranger would it still work?

  • Beth.m

    So when you say 이거 적이에요 you’re literally saying “this thing is a book” ?

  • Nancy Achaia

    so if i want to say this computer 이거 컴퓨터 but if i want to say this is a computer 이거 컴퓨터에요
    is it right ??

  • Sam Lakkis

    why do we pronounce 것 ( geot) while it ends with ㅅ that is pronounced as “s” ?

    • Julia

      When it is a final consonant, “ㅊ,ㅈ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅌ,ㅎ” will pronounce as “ㄷ (t)” .
      For example, “꽃” will pronounce as “꼳”, “옷” pronounce as “옫”.

  • David Thompson

    I have a question. As the Korean language doesn’t really differentiate between singular and plural, can 이, 구 and 저 also be used to mean ‘these’ and ‘those’ depending on the context?

  • Allyson

    IM so confused. do we have to add geo to I, Jeo, and Geu (igeo, jeogeo, geugeo)? I don’t get it. Will koreans still understand me if I just say: I , jeo , and geu

    Also I though it is ieyo/yeyo but in this example:( It is not a camera- geugeo camera anieyo) it is geugeo and I thought geu meant ‘that’

    • Seokjin Jin

      I , jeo , and geu, they can not work as a subject and they modifies the following nouns. However regarding 이거, 저거, 그거, they are compound version of i, jeo and gue, and geo (thing). They work as a subject by themselves.

  • Guest

    how do you write “that” in korean? i can hear you guy but i’m not sure if it correct

    • Seokjin Jin

      You can write “저” in Korean. It will be more helpful if you download the pdf file. :)

  • Lovely Nody (나다)

    This website is the best !!!
    You’re really amazing !! :D

    • Seokjin Jin

      Hi. First of all, thanks so much for your comment.

      I think you understand the concept correctly. As 이/그/저 work as an adjective, a noun should be followed. Like 이 사람, this person. And if you don’t want to say the name of the object, you can say 이거 or 이것.

    • Lovely Nody (나다)

      아니에요 ! ^_^
      정말 감사합니다 !! ♡

  • LAM

    Hi! I love this website and u two are great.
    but I wanna ask why some people say 이 사람 is talking about themselves ?

  • Sandstorm122

    Is there a difference between 이거 and 이것?

    • Xoxo

      Hey! I am just a student myself so I hope you dont mind if I answer your question :) i remember reading this before… So basicallly there is no difference is just that they use 이거 as a simpler way to pronounce it , rather than using 이것 … If ypu notice it is easier to say igeo rather than igeot… Hope I helped :)

  • Kelly

    I am trying to focus on the Korean words but I’m too distracted by Hyunwoo’s gorgeous voice and their adorable banter… uhguhguhg

  • U C H I H A

    thank you guys so much for this amazing website and lessons you give us! very helpful and simple! I wanna buy some of your books too, Again, thank you so much, Gamsahamnida ♥

  • faiza

    It was a good lesson , you are doing such an amazing job .gamsahamnida , and i have a question , if you don’t mine , when do we use (i geot ) and (i) alone ? I hope you answer me , i really want to reiceve an answer from you , it’s my first time that i ask a question . gomowoyo . sarangheayo TTMIK

    • KyungHwa Sun

      이것 is a pronoun, and 이 is a determiner.

      이것 좀 주세요. = Please give me this.
      이 사과 좀 주세요. = Please give me this apple.

    • faiza

      Thanks a lot it’s more clair now . gamsahamnida onni

  • magda galal

    thanks for the lesson .. great job
    I have a question about the letter “ㅅ” it’s usually pronounced as “s” sound .. but in “이것 ” it’s pronounced as a “t” sound ! .. in other words it’s not pronounced at all .. can someone please explain this point to me ?

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Hello Magda,

      When ㅅ is used as the last consonant of the word as in 이것, it is pronounced the same as ㄷ. In other words, 이것 and 이걷 sound the same. However, if a vowel comes after the word that has ㅅ as the last consonant, ㅅ is pronounced with the vowel. For example, 이것이 is pronounced as 이거시.

      Hope this helps! =)

  • breeana

    quick question about 거. Do you always have repeat it after a modifier/pronoun? Could you just say for example 이가방 이에요, or do you have to include 거so that it’s 이거가방 이에요. I feel like adding the 거 just seems repetitive?

  • Matt

    그 lesson was very helpful. 이 사람 enjoyed 그 lesson but I have a question as well.

    Which modifier would you use to refer to a non-physical object (such as a lesson or an idea). I assumed above that it would be “그” since that is the one that you use when referring to something you can’t see.

    감사합니다 for the lesson!