Level 1 Lesson 9 / topic,subject marking particles / 은, 는, 이, 가

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This lesson will introduce the topic marking particles and the subject marking particles in the Korean language. The topic marking particles and the subject marking particles play a very important role in Korean so it’s very important that you learn them well. But even some advanced-level speakers of the language can make mistakes regarding these particles, so please don’t worry even if you don’t get them right away. You will eventually be able to use them naturally after some practice. Today’s lesson is our first introduction to the particles. Make sure you read the PDF file as well. Thank you! Please feel free to ask any questions in the comment!



You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • yourippehdees

    Random question: how do I figure out the order of dictionary entries? Online is not a problem, but I like my book sometimes. Right now I just flip through till I find the right section – can you point me to a good explanation of how this works? 정말 감사합니다 for all the fantastic lessons and for your help!

  • Allyson

    Can someone help. I’m confused on subject and topis. What is the difference between the two?

  • kelsey

    thank you so much for your lessons! they are so well done and are really helping me learn. they are also helping my omma remember the things she forgot from when she was a child. i am curious though about why the word for “good” changed from 좋네요 to 좋아요 in different sentences? thank you again for your hard work!

  • 야위

    Is it possible to have both subject and topic marking particles at a same sentence? Also sometimes i hear they use both 이 and 가 used in a word, how is that?

    어쨋든 감사합니다 선생님들~

  • https://www.facebook.com/yinara94 Noor M. Ahmed

    안녕하세요 :) I was completely misunderstanding these particles and they always made me confused .. but thank to you I finally understood them :) you are the best teachers ever <3 감사합니다

  • Danning

    Don’t know if this is the right way to say:” I know that you like me”

    내가 알아 니가 나는 좋아요 or should I just say 니가 나는 좋아요, 내가 알아 ???

    Thanks!

  • CW

    Hello, thank you for your great lessons! I just recently found this website and found your classes wonderful and help me to get started on learning Korean (btw, I am going to Korea for 6 weeks this summer! although…I don’t speak much korean yet!)

    I have a question regarding the subject and topic marking particles and hope TTMIK (or those who have been learning korean) could help me

    here is half of a conversation in a Korean teaching book that I got.

    A: 누구 거예요?
    B: 마크 씨 거예요
    A: 마크 씨가 누구예요?
    B: 제 친구예요

    so the third sentence ‘마크 씨가 누구예요?’
    can you say
    마크 씨”는” 누구예요?

    Since the question is about a person (마크) wouldn’t that be the “topic” of the question?

    Will you be asking 2 different things if you say
    마크 씨”가” 누구예요?
    versus
    마크 씨”는” 누구예요?

    if 마크 씨”는” 누구예요? is not right…
    then why do we say
    저”는” 미국 사람이에요

    • CW

      LOL never mind!
      I think I got my answer in the later lessons of this level!!!
      I should’ve just be a bit more patient. Thank you for the amazing lessons again!