Level 1 Lesson 9 / topic,subject marking particles / 은, 는, 이, 가

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This lesson will introduce the topic marking particles and the subject marking particles in the Korean language. The topic marking particles and the subject marking particles play a very important role in Korean so it’s very important that you learn them well. But even some advanced-level speakers of the language can make mistakes regarding these particles, so please don’t worry even if you don’t get them right away. You will eventually be able to use them naturally after some practice. Today’s lesson is our first introduction to the particles. Make sure you read the PDF file as well. Thank you! Please feel free to ask any questions in the comment!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Ben

    Haha, “I’m not tired, don’t lie!”

  • Alyssa

    (i dont know how to change my keys to korean on my laptop) A question regarding the topic marking particle ‘neun’. in the e-/book there’s an example where the particle neun is placed next to the ‘this'(i-geo).. I’m wondering, will it still have the same meaning if ‘neun’ is placed next to ‘apple’ (‘sa-gwa’)?? Or will that be just grammatically incorrect if it were the case?

    • Evee

      You’ll probably have to download the Keyboard on you laptop in you have a windows you can find it on their site as for Linux and Mac IDK

  • Liliya Voloshenyuk

    So, after I listened to this lesson I went onhttp://hompi.sogang.ac.kr/korean/kkl101/contents.html# for review and their way of saying “this” “that” and “it” and they have a different way of combinig subject particles and “this/that”
    이것+ 이-> 이게 ‘this’ (close to the speaker)
    그것+ 이-> 그게 ‘that’ (far from the speaker, close to the listener)
    저것+ 이-> 저게 ‘that over there’ (far from both the listener and the speaker)
    its kind of weird the way they teach it, but is it correct?

    • orr

      mmm, i dont understand what do you mean,
      is it the same thing with ttki explanation, i don’t see the different?

  • nelly

    i am so confused and dont understand when we are surpose to use them someone please help me!!!

    • Vladimir Lévêque

      For now, what I understand is that you use (eun – neun) when you’ll be making some sort of comparison. I’m not really sure for (i – ga). However, I would suggest you to go back to it or try to watch videos from other people just in case i’m wrong.

  • Vladimir Lévêque

    It’s really kinda hard to understand, but something that worked for me is taking 2-3 days off of that part and focus on previous things we learned, and then came back after 1 day of not doing nothing related to Korean lessons. So, i believe you’ll come back with kinda of a ”fresh mind”, listening and read the lesson again and I actually understood a bit more. Maybe it’ll work for you as well.

  • fel

    i could understand all the lessons well! (after re-reading a few times for the difficult part of course) but it’s really helpful and you guys are so adorable! thanks for making korean easier and more fun to learn :)

  • Leandro Giles

    감사합니다 Talktomeinkorean! This comparison between 오늘은 날씨 좋네요 and 오늘 날씨는 좋네요 made everything clear to me now. I have tried a couple times to understand when to use each of them and even with a professor I couldn’t understand properly.