Level 1 Lesson 9 / topic,subject marking particles / 은, 는, 이, 가

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This lesson will introduce the topic marking particles and the subject marking particles in the Korean language. The topic marking particles and the subject marking particles play a very important role in Korean so it’s very important that you learn them well. But even some advanced-level speakers of the language can make mistakes regarding these particles, so please don’t worry even if you don’t get them right away. You will eventually be able to use them naturally after some practice. Today’s lesson is our first introduction to the particles. Make sure you read the PDF file as well. Thank you! Please feel free to ask any questions in the comment!



You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Evelin Kirah

    English isn’t my mother language, but I think that I understood well this lesson, altough is a bit confusing. xd
    감사합니다!!! *-*

  • wani

    so interesting ,but I still can’t get all of them!!!

  • esther

    Hi! Thank you for the lesson! I love it! 좋아요!

    I want to ask about pronouncation of ㄹ

    For : 오늘은, i felt like i hear you pronounce it “oneu(R)eun” instead of “oneu(L)eun”

    and for the other word, such as 물, i heard you pronounce it “mu(L)”

    so, how to pronounce ㄹ actually?

    Thank you! ^^

    • http://www.pandasigns.ca Momoy

      When the following character in a word starts with a ㅇ and the last character ended in a consonant, the sound carries over and replaces it but in ㄹ’s case, when it’s at the end of a character, it makes more of an L sound but when it’s at the beginning of a character I sounds more like an R.

      So tl;dr – it reads as 오느른 because the ㄹ replaces the ㅇ

      눈물 – nun mul – tears – ㄹ is at the end and makes more of an L sound than R.

      런닝맨 – Running Man – best variety show ever – ㄹ at the beginning makes more of an R sound.

    • esther

      Okay, I got it. Thanks! :)

  • http://www.pandasigns.ca Momoy

    “경은씨 목소리가 너무 좋아요.”

    이거 맞아요? Or am I missing a 의 there for possessive purposes?

  • Vidura

    Hello, I love these lessons! They have helped me improve quickly and widened my vocabulary. You are amazing and helpful!!

    Could you please give some examples of when to use subject marking particles? I am comfortable with topic marking particles, but not subject. Please write a few sentences to show how to use subject marking particles.
    Kamsahamnida!