Level 6 Lesson 18 / – Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

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Saying “or” to link words or sentences is very simple in English, but isn’t as simple in Korean; it all depends on what part of speech you are linking that makes the translation vary. In this lesson, we are taking a look at a few of the various ways to say “or” so we can help you become a more fluent Korean speaker!

You can view a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • mari

    I am the first one! hehe!
    And i am really glad to hear this lesson because I was just wondering about that yesterday, when reading a text:

  • Andrea Isaza

    i totally get it!!! it’s not that hard … and it’s easy to remember!!!
    Thank you very much for your hard work!! …. you are really amazing!!! gamsahabnida!!! ^^

  • Desiree

    I burst out laughing at “Who CARES about your birthday.” lol oh man Hyunwoo, that was messed up and hilarious. I had to rewind to hear the amount of native english inflection in that one, wasn’t expecting it.

    But Thanks For The Lesson! ^_^ This is great!

  • http://hanguladay.com janey_bei

    Finally came across this lesson. I have been wondering for the longest time how OR is expressed in Korean. 이 수업이 좋아요. 저는 한국어로 잘 하고 싶어요. 감사합니다 TTMK

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Rain-zineb-Ben/100000439365018 Rain-zineb Ben

    Teachers,thank you so much for today’s lesson…정말 쉬워요 :)
    오늘이나 내일 집에 갈거예요!

  • http://deesthi.blogspot.com deesthi


    i’ve been waiting for this lesson ^^


  • dk

    고향이 가거나 아니면 위국에 여행을 하러 갈거예요.

  • 나타샤

    이번은 수업이 쉽고 유용해요^^
    이제 다른 수업 듣거나 책 읽을거에요!

  • 그레이스

    Thank you for the lesson. will be looking forward to learn about 든가 in future lessons!

  • Samier


    I was struggling recently on trying to use ‘or’ in Korean!!
    This really helped a lot ;)


  • Eunice Loy

    안녕하세요 선생님(:

    Was looking at twitter and came across this lesson and just heard it because am curious on saying ‘or’ (am still at lvl 2 btw).

    Just wondering if linking sentences and sentences together, by using 아니면, besides ‘or’, does it also mean ‘if not’ in the sentence? ‘집에 갈 거예요? 아니면 친구를 만날 거예요?’ also means ‘Are you going to go home? If not, are you going to meet a friend?’


  • 제니

    친구한테 전화하거나 아니면 문자 메시지 보내거나 할 거예요?

  • ks

    너 말할것이나 아니면 아무것도 말할것이 없을거에요?
    Do you want to say something or do you not have anything to say?

    I’m wondering if the “(으)ㄹ거에요” in this grammar point isn’t simple future tense, but instead exactly like the ” (으)ㄹ 거에요” discussed in lesson 26 level 4.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Hee-Lee/100002453367433 Hee Lee

    I want to meet Heechul or Eunhyuk

    희철씨나 은혁씨는 만나고 싶어요

    Do you love Heechul or Eunhyuk

    희철씨 아니면 은혁씨 누구를 사랑해요 ?

    Until when I go to bed, there’s not much time left so I’ll either learn or listen to Super Junior song

    지금부터 자기까지(/ 취침시간까지) 시간이 안 많아서 공부하거나 슈주의 노래를 들 거예요

    that man loves that woman ? or that woman loves that man?
    그 남자 는 그녀자를 사랑해요 , 아니면 그녀자는 그남자를 사랑해요 ?

  • joy ann

    I have a question… how do i use if the verb are not both in the same time? I mean, how could i translate in korean if the first verb is on past tense and the second verb is on future tense.. how is it?

    ex.) you been arrived or going to arrived yet.

  • Florence Loh

    hi, i’m still waiting for the lesson on “-든지” and “-든가”. but i suppose it’s not taught yet? :) hope to hear from you soon. wanted to learn on this lesson because i came across this quite a few times. thanks

  • Winnie Zambo

    1.새 휴대폰 살거예요?아니면 돈을 아낄 거예요?

    2.아침에 보통 우유나 주스를 마셔요.

    3.이번 주말에 친구랑 같이 영화를 보거나 공원에서 산책하려고 해요.

  • Jo A

    공부거나 놀 거예요, 너는 선택이에요.
    It’s your choice to study or play.

  • Paula Cho

    학교가거나 영화를 보거나 할거에요.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      학교가거나 –> 학교 가거나
      할거에요 –> 할 거예요

    • Paula Cho

      거예요 or 거에요 is fine.
      i learned it from ttmk.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      거에요 is grammatically incorrect even though many Koreans would say it this way.

    • Paula Cho

      Should i write always 거예요?

    • KyungHwa Sun

      거예요 is a combination of 것 and -이에요.

  • Ilikepants

    나랑 결혼하거나 나를 죽일 거야?