Level 7 Lesson 24 / Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

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In a previous lesson, we looked at how passive voice works in Korean. In this lesson, we are taking a look at the structure -어 있다. You can use structure with passive voice to say that something has been put into a certain state and stays that way. Come join us as we discuss how to use this structure to make your Korean sound more fluent and natural!

You can view a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • 제이슨

    새로운 수업을 이제 웹 사이트에 놓여 있어요.

  • rigo

    thanks for the lesson , passive voice has always been a difficult subject

  • marie

    I have a question about this lesson:

    I understood this structure is used to mean that “sth” or “so” in in the state of being “verb” and so as to make this structure, we have to write the verb in passive voice and add -어/아 있다 but why, for example, the verbs 앉다 (to sit down) and 눕다 (to lie down) become respectively 앉아 있다 and 누워 있다, whereas they are action verbs?
    The passive voice of 눕다 is 눕히다, so is it possible to say 눕혀 있다?
    The same for 앉히다 that would become 앉혀 있다?

    • Miss Orson

      What I see is that 앉아 있다 & 누워 있다 are not passive voice. They just describe the state of being “sitting & lying.”

  • Samier

    안녕하세요!

    Passive voice is always a bit challenging but this lesson really helped ^^;;;

    감사합니다
    사미르

  • Hacky

    Thank you for explaining the differences and nuances between this passive voice and other sentence patterns, it helps a lot. It even helped me understand Japanese (since the grammar are somewhat similar).