Level 2 Lesson 19 / Making verbs into nouns / -는 것

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​In this lesson, we are going to learn about a grammatical structure that will come in handy when you want to expand your sentences and make longer and more accurate phrases in Korean. In Korean when you link phrases with other phrases, you often make one phrase into a noun form and have it included in a bigger phrase. In order to do that, we are going to look at how to make verbs into nouns in this lesson. Listen in and pay close attention to what 현우 and 경은 introduce, and be sure to give it a try and make your own sample sentences! If you have any questions, please feel free to ask!



You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • April

    i would like to ask if my sentences are correct.

    in this lesson do these sentences make sense?
    1. 지금 이시간에 뭐하는 거는 공부해요.
    At this moment, im studying.
    2. 저는 한국어를 공부하는 거는 좋아해요.
    I like studying Korean.

  • April

    i would like to ask if my sentences are correct.

    in this lesson do these sentences make sense?
    1. 지금 이시간에 뭐하는 거는 공부해요.
    At this moment, im studying.
    2. 저는 한국어를 공부하는 거는 좋아해요.
    I like studying Korean.

    thank you

    • Hummer

      Hi April,

      Regarding your second sentence, i think

      저는 한극어는 공부하는 거를 좋아요 makes more sense haha, but i’m not entirely affirmative on that so can the teachers help on this please?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      저는 한극어는 공부하는 거를 좋아요
      > 저는 한국어를 공부하는 것을 좋아해요.
      :)

  • nishan

    i think it should be지금 공부 하는 거 여요. if not this sentece is correct pls re-corecct

  • sam

    Hello !!
    i would like to ask some qestions !!
    why we are changing a verb into a noun ?
    do we need it in Korean language ?
    do the meaning change ?

    and thank you very much >> 감사합니다 .

  • Claira

    thank you for the lesson! :) can I say like these?

    지금 듣는 거는 에피그하이를 노래해요. (What I am listening to now is Epik High’s song.)

    그노래는 거를 정말 촣아해요. (I really like the song.)

    그운전은 거 아주 피곤했어요. (The drive was very tiring.)

    한국어를 별로 안 단순 공부하는 거. (Korean language is not really easy to learn.)

    thank you! :)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      What I am listening to now is Epik High’s song.
      > 지금 듣는 노래는 에픽하이의 노래예요.

      I really like the song.
      > 그 노래 듣는 것을 좋아해요.

      The drive was very tiring.
      > 그 운전사는 매우 피곤했어요.

      Korean language is not really easy to learn.
      > 한국어는 정말 배우기 쉽지 않아요.

    • Claira

      What I am listening to now is Epik High’s song.
      > 지금 듣는 노래는 에픽하이의 노래예요.
      >>Why is the 것 not needed here already?

      The drive was very tiring.
      > 그 운전사는 매우 피곤했어요.
      >>Why is 사 added after 운전?

      thank you very much! :)

  • David

    지금 저는 먹는것 or 지금 저는 먹는거 please help me teacher I don’t know which one is right considering I already listened to the lesson

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Hi David,
      As the both sentence don’t have verbs, it is hard to say that they are complete sentences.

      지금 저는 먹는것 > 지금 제가 먹는 것

      지금 저는 먹는거 > 지금 제가 먹는 거

      You need to add verbs like “지금 먹는 것은 초콜렛이에요”, or “지금 먹는 거는 초콜렛이에요”.

  • http://kpopmyheart.wordpress.com 하디

    뭐 만들어요?
    지금 만들은 거는 책상이에요.

  • http://kpopmyheart.wordpress.com 하디

    그거 뭘 해요?
    뭐 만들어요?
    만들는 거는 책상이에요.

  • sai yau

    does this make sense?

    지금학교에가는것요?
    are you going to go to school now?

    thank you for your lessons ! Very helpful (:

  • Eddy

    Hi, I still don’t get the idea, what is the purpose of changing verb into noun form?

    Example: for sentence below,
    지금 듣는 것은 노래예요

    Can we say it as:
    지금 노래 듣고 있어요

    Isn’t it has the same meaning?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Yes, they have same meaning but by making the verb into noun form, you can emphasize it.

      Thanks Eddy for your comment.

  • Kelsey

    In what cases do you use the noun form? In what cases do you use the verb form?

  • Lyra (라이라)

    안녕하세요.
    I’m a bit confused…what is the difference between using the 기 ending and using the 는 것 other than the 는 것 ending is more versatile? For example, if you can say, “달리기를 잘 해요,” could you also say,”달리는 것 잘 해요”? And if you can say “영화 보는 것 좋아해요,” could you also say, “영화 보기 좋아해요”?
    Also, can you use the multiple 는 것’s in one clause? ex. if I wanted to say, “Do you know that she lost the sweater that she bought?” could I write “그녀가 산 스웨터를 잃은 거 알아요?”? (yikes…hey I tried…)
    I know this post is a bit long so 죄송 합니다.

  • Kevin Han

    네, 저는 최경은 선생님이랑 선현우 선생님이랑 공보하는 거를 정말 좋아해요! 선생님들은 가르치는 거가 좋으새요! (is this the correct way to say “They are good at teaching”?) 감사합니다!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      선생님들은 가르치는 거가 좋으새요! > 선생님들은 잘 가르쳐서 좋아요.

  • Dominic

    나는 개하고 놀는 거 좋아해요.

  • Iliak

    Is this right? I like buying candy: 저는사탕 사는것예요?.

  • Devin Doss

    네, 저는 한국어를 공부하는 거 너무 너무 좋아해요!

    맞아요?

  • 메릴

    네, 당신이 랑 공부하는것은 좋아해요.

  • HyujinBae

    엑소의 노래 듣는 거는 재미있어 그리고 좋아해요. ( i wanna say: the fact that i like EXO’s songs is that it’s interesting and i like it)

    이.. 맞아요 생님?

    please help and correct me~ ^_^

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      In that situation, it is natural to say “엑소의 노래 듣는 거 좋아해요.” or “엑소의 노래는 재밌어서 듣는 거 좋아해요.”.

  • http://NUS.edu.sg JUN

    선생님 께
    안녕하세요
    네, 날마다 선생님들하고 같이 한국어 공부하는 거를 아주 좋아해요.
    요즈음 선생님께서 제일 좋아하시는 건 무엇입니까 ?
    뭘 좋아합니까? 사진 찍는 것을 좋아하세요?
    저는 여행하는 거를 아주 좋아해요.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      네. 저는 요즘에 사진 찍는 거하고 영상 찍는 거를 좋아해요. ㅎㅎㅎ

  • Odette

    I’m confused about which sample sentence had which meaning.

    1. “doing” something
    2. the act of “doing” something
    3. the thing that you “do”
    4. what you “do”

    I’m trying to make a sample sentence for each, but I’m not sure what each would look like. Can someone help please? 감사합니다!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      As Korean grammar system is quite different from English grammar, it should be hard to translate some expression into Korean directly.

      However, I hope you make some sample sentences then we will find out the part you felt confused with.

  • hiba

    저는 친구하고 먹는 거를 좋아해요
    저는 친구하고 먹는 것을 좋아해요

    correct?

    감사합니다 ^^

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Both are correct! :) However, “저는 친구하고 먹는 거를 좋아해요” is colloquial form. :)

    • hiba

      감사합니다, 선생님 ^^

  • Odette

    On HaruKorean, my translator said that this sentence is wrong but I don’t know why: “저는 곧 운동하는 거 시작해야 돼요.” She said this was a correct sentence: “저는 곧 운동하기 시작해야 돼요.” Why can you use one form of turning a verb into a noun but not the other one?

    • CyberMew

      I would like to know too.

  • Kat

    I don’t understand the first word they said in their question before the audio recording ends.
    But the other parts mean like: “You like what you are studying?” but I really cannot understand the whole sentence because of that fisrt word…. so, what was that? and what was the meaning of the whole question? Thank you

  • Kat

    I don’t understand the first word they said in their question before the audio recording ends.
    But the other parts mean like: “You like what you are studying?” but I really cannot understand the whole sentence because of that first word…. so, what was that? and what was the meaning of the whole question? Thank you

  • CyberMew

    Between this and lesson 10, what’s the difference? Whats the difference between this two lines?

    비가 오는거 있어요 or 여요.
    비가 오고있어요.

  • shai

    so in short, this is a gerund

  • Rishabh

    지금 텔레비전 보는 것은이에요.

    맞아요, 선생님?

  • http://www.talktomeinkorean.com/lessons/level-2-lesson-19/#more-876 Duygu

    저는 배구 하는 거를 잘 해요.(i’m good at playing volleyball.)

    Is it corrcet?

    감사합니다 !!

  • Aaron Brown

    “저이랑 공부하는거 좋아해요?” I’m not 100% sure what this meant…is it “Do you like studying with us? because “이랑” can mean with. but “저” means “I” so this is what confuses me…

    그런대 네!! 한극러공부하는것은 전말좋아해요!!

    • Seokjin Jin

      Actually, 저희 is correct but not 저이.

      “저희 + -랑”

  • mariam

    네 ttmik랑 공부하는 거 좋아해요

    • Seokjin Jin

      고마워요!

  • bapid

    저는 배드민턴을 하는 것을 좋아해요. ^^ 스포츠하는 것 너무 좋아해요. 그리고, 고부하는 것 좋아해요. 그해서, 공부하는 것은 한국어예요. :)