Level 2 Lesson 19 / Making verbs into nouns / -는 것

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​In this lesson, we are going to learn about a grammatical structure that will come in handy when you want to expand your sentences and make longer and more accurate phrases in Korean. In Korean when you link phrases with other phrases, you often make one phrase into a noun form and have it included in a bigger phrase. In order to do that, we are going to look at how to make verbs into nouns in this lesson. Listen in and pay close attention to what 현우 and 경은 introduce, and be sure to give it a try and make your own sample sentences! If you have any questions, please feel free to ask!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Diana Artunduaga Osorio

    제 취미는 한국어 드라마 보는 거예요. :)

  • Angel

    현우씨하고 견은씨랑 공부하는 것 진짜 좋아해요.
    선생님들 말하는 거 재밌있어요. 그래서 좋아요.
    제 취미는 음악 듣은 거예요.

  • Soo na

    지금 뭐 하는 거예요? 난 당신을 기다릴 고이에요 , 보고 싶어요.♡ 빨리 와요~~

  • Nada

    In what case can we drop the 것 or 거? I don’t understand that particular case… :(

  • Matt

    I am not sure what 선현우 asked at the end. Was it “저희하고 공부하는 거 좋아해요?” Does this translate to “Do you like studying with us?”

    In any case. 네. 저는 TTMIK하고 같이 공부하는 거 정말 좋아해요.

    감사합니다 for the lesson!

  • Nick Desmond

    Another great lesson ^^ 진짜 고맙습니다~
    Unless I’m mistaken could you use -는 것 like this:

    1. 지금은 먹는 케이크가 맛있어요! (This cake I am eating now is delicious)
    2. 오늘은 여기에 ___이/가 오는 것이 몰랐어요. (I didn’t know that [person’s name/title] were coming here today)

    I think I get the basic idea…But I’m struggling to construct my own sentences! 감사합니다 ^^

    • JooyeonPark

      great job! a little correction here!

      지금 먹는 케이크가 맛있어요
      오늘 여기에 ___가 오는 것 몰랐어요. OR ___가 오는 지 몰랐어요.


    • Nick Desmond

      고맙습니다~ ^^

  • 나탈리아

    Oh, I’m little confused… please, what is the difference between these phrases? Which one is more natural?

    I’m eating kimchi.
    먹는 거 김치예요.
    김치를 먹고 있어요.


    • Seokjin Jin

      먹는 거 김치예요. Literally means “what I am eating is kimchi”.

      It is natural to say “김치를 먹고 있어요”, if you want to say “I am eating kimchi”.

    • 나탈리아

      Thank you for your response! TTMIK teachers really helping me with my korean. 감사합니다!

  • ㅇㅇㅇ

    네, 저는 같이 공부하는 너무 좋아해요.

  • Sena Rainey

    요즘 공부하는 거는 온라인에서 언어학이에요. What I’m studying recently is linguistics online.

  • Tracy Wong

    I dont quite understand the structure “하는것”. Do we need to say “하는것*는*”?
    Also, I am wondering if both of these expressions are okay?
    “What I like recently is water.”
    a) 요즘 저는 좋아하는것 물이에요.
    b) 요즘 저는 좋아하는 음료가 물이에요.
    Thanks a lot!

    • Devin Doolin

      The structure “Verb+는 거” is a construct itself and can still be a subject or an object so it may (usually) have a trailing 은/는 (것은/거는) or 을/를 (것을/거를). The “는” in this case is a piece of a grammar construct and not a marker.

      In b) 음료 more closely refers to a beverage and not specifically water, so the first is correct.

  • Cee

    네, 현우 씨와 경은 씨랑 공부하는 거를 좋아해요. 때문에 좋은 선생님들이에요.

    Is this correct? T__T

    • 토미

      I think you can even make it into one sentence if you write it

      네, 현우 씨와 경은 씨랑 공부하는 거를 좋아하기 때문에 좋은 선생님이에요.

  • Jimmy (지민)

    응… 여러분 모두를 공부하는 거를 너무 좋아해요

    • Seokjin Jin

      여러분 모두를 공부하는 거를 너무 좋아해요
      > 여러분 모두는 공부하는 거를 너무 좋아해요.

    • Jimmy (지민)

      아~ 알겟습니다 선생님 고마워오 :)

  • Leela

    TTMIK팀하고 공부하는 거 너무 좋아해요!!

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    Is this correct?
    Drawing is my hobby.
    Che chwimi-neungeulim-neungeot-iyeo
    Che chwimi-neun geulim-iyeo

    • Devin Doolin

      The answer would be closer to the first sentence, though there’s no “m”. 그리다 is the verb and 그림 makes it into a noun (a drawing) but we just want the base verb stem (그리). So finally, it would be 제 취미는 그리는 거예요.

    • Sanjeeda Masroor

      Thanks for the reply. It was helpful.

  • http://batman-news.com Jangmi

    네, 현우씨하고 경은씨하고 같이 공부하는 것 많이 촣아해요!

  • Nawal

    안녕하세요 여러분

    여기 제 답이에요 : ”그럼요, 너희하고 공부는 거 정말 좋아해요.”


  • https://www.facebook.com/nadine.gorospe.73 Do Kyungsoo_12

    What does ‘geotcheorom’ and ‘galsurok’ mean in english?

  • Gavin Ng

    I have a question…on the pdf file, for number 3, the example reads: 저는 친구랑 수다떠는 거를 좋아해요.

    Is this also correct? 저는 친구랑 수다떠는 거는 좋아해요.?

  • Gavin Ng

    For Section 3 in the book, number 7, my original answer was : “저는 쇼핑하는 거를 좋아해요.”

    Why is the answer not “저는 쇼핑하는 거는 좋아해요.”?

    • Devin Doolin

      In that sentence, the subject is me, so you use the subject marker there (저는). The object is the thing you like to do, so you use the object marker (을/를)

  • 홉이쥬-Rocksteady.

    저는 두분이랑 공부는 거를 좋아해요 …………….. 맞아요? ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ please let me know lol

  • Udam Chheng

    여기 공부하는 거는 정말 좋아해요. 재미 있어요.

  • jeffderricksy

    저는 매일 한국 예문이 새각하는 것 정말 피곤하는데 아직 재미있어요.

  • 엡아언니 ~Eva~

    네, 현우씨 그리고 경은씨하고 공부는 거 아주 좋아해요 ❤

  • Pia S.

    hi. just finished this lesson and based on what i learned, is it okay to conclude that once we change verbs into its 는것 form, it acts like a gerund in english grammar?

  • Keti Khanjaliashvili

    Thank you so much,useful site and amazing teachers, now I have hope I can learn Korean online. Thanks for hard work.

  • Bre

    So, would u say “는것” is the equivalent to “ing” in English?

  • Heather

    선생님들! I am struggling to get my head around this lesson. Is this at all close to making sense?–>

    친구들을과 영화가 보는 것을 만날 거예요. (Trying to say “I am meeting with friends to see a movie.”)

    • eli

      내일 친구들을 만나서 같이 영화를 보러 갈거예요

      I’m afraid 는것 isn’t used that way


  • Steve

    wow this is the first time ever I heard someone say 저희 instead of 우리

  • yourippehdees

    처는 이야기를 지어내는 것 하고 예문을 쓰는 것 좋아 해요.
    I like making up stories and writing sample sentences.

    처는 예문을 생각해 내는 것 너무 시간이 걸려요.
    It takes me a really long time to think up sample sentences.

  • faiza

    저는 배우는 거 언어는 한국어이예요 >>
    The language i am learning is korean
    제 취미는 노래들 쓰는 거예요 >> my hobby is writing songs
    저는 사람들을 돕는 거 좋아해요 >> i like helping people
    성생님들 돠주세요 , correct my sentences if they are wrong

  • Maria Larsen

    제 진구하고 공부하는 거 좋아요 :)
    I like to study with my friends.

    최근에 일기를 한국 말로 적었어요.
    Recently I have been keeping a dairy in Korean.


  • youngboy

    Why in some sentences we just the ” V + 는” and not ” V + 는 것/거”.
    I can’t understand the difference…
    Help me, please!

  • Cicero

    저는 당신이랑 공부하는 거 좋아요. I like studying with you.

    지금 먹는 거 뭐예요? What are you eating right now?

    저는 기다리는 거 싫어요. I hate waiting.

    저는 제 친구 돕는 것 즐겨요. I enjoy helping my friends.

  • Simge


    I noticed that they are using this structure too much in this show. am I right ?