Level 2 Lesson 19 / Making verbs into nouns / -는 것

In this lesson, we are going to learn about a grammatical structure that will come in handy when you want to expand your sentences and make longer and more accurate phrases in Korean. In Korean when you link phrases with other phrases, you often make one phrase into a noun form and have it included in a bigger phrase. In order to do that, we are going to look at how to make verbs into nouns in this lesson. Listen in and pay close attention to what 현우 and 경은 introduce, and be sure to give it a try and make your own sample sentences! If you have any questions, please feel free to ask!

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Level 2 Lesson 19 / Making verbs into nouns / -는 것
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  • can someone help me i do understand the lesson but i’m confused when do i use it !!!! like why we are not using the normal formal structure of the future present past ecs.. sentences WHAT IS THIS PEOPLE !!

  • 감사합니다
    i think i got it now by my own lol

    • Seokjin Jin

      It’s nice to know that! You did a good job! Thanks for studying Korean with us.

    • thank you for putting it for free once i get my credit card i’ll buy the books ^_^

  • Fatumah

    제 취미는 한국 드라마 보는 거예요. 요즘 W는 보는 거예요. 진짜 마음에 들어. I wanted to write “My hobby is watching Korean dramas. Recently I am watching W. I really like it.”

    Does it make sense in Korean? Please correct me if I am wrong ^^

    • Kyeong-Eun Choi

      제 취미는 한국 드라마 보는 거예요. This sentence is perfect! 🙂 요즘 W(라는 드라마를) 보고 있어요. 그 드라마를 정말 좋아해요. (You also can say “그 드라마 진짜 재미있어요.”

    • Deeti Mali

      Hi Kyeong-Eun can you explain the most repeatedly asked question here, Why use this and not simply the present progressive tense in brief, I can apply it but don’t quite understand when to use it

  • 저 요즘 공부하는 거는 한국어예요. (Korean is what I’ve been studying recently.)
    저 많이 먹는 거 파스타예요. (Pasta is what I’m eating a lot.)
    저 먹는 거는 진짜 좋아해요. (I really like eating.)
    [지금은 정말 배고파요. ㅋㅋ]

    아, 진짜 어려워요 >< Will try my best.. 감사합니다~

  • Rae

    제 취미는 집 청소하는 거예요… 한숨

  • Keltoum

    요즘 보는 거는 W예요 ….Does it make sense in Korean?

  • Eskymau

    네,현우랑 경은 공부하는 거 좋아해요 ! 재미있어요
    제 취미는 책 읽는 거랑 한국 드라마 보는 거예요
    Or should I say : 제 취미는 책 읽는 거 그리고 한국 드라마 보는 거예요 ?

  • 암알

    지금 하는 거는 한극어 곰부해요 . . .. . is this correct?

  • Farzam Habib Khan

    지금 먹는 거는 김치예요..(Kimchi is what i am eating right now)
    현우씨하고 경은씨 공부하는 거 진짜 좋아해요….
    ㄱㅅ 😉

    • Seokjin Jin

      지금 먹는 거는 김치예요. 현우 씨하고 경은 씨와 공부하는 거 진짜 좋아해요.

      ^^

  • Chocobana

    네, 현우씨랑 경은씨 공부는 거 아주 좋아해요.

    Random sentences:
    -제 방은 정수하는 것이 많이 싫어해요. xD
    -제 취미는 책을 읽는 거에요. 그런데 요즘 많이 바빠서 읽는 거 시간이 없어요. (I’m not sure if I used this construction correctly. I meant that I have no reading time.)

  • اسماء

    So what’s the difference between just using the present tense of the verb and using 는 것? Like instead if saying 지금 뭐 공부하는 것이에요 I can just say 지금 뭐 공부해요?.

    And the answer for the question you asked is: 네, 정말 좋아해요.

    • Visenya Ackerman

      I was confused for quite sometime actually I still am. But the conclusion I have come across after all the research and which might be wrong is that changing verbs into nouns is important for sentences where you want to use two verbs together as in ‘I like to sing’. You cant say 노래하다 촣아해요. It makes no sense. Or 저는 노래를 좋아해요 which would mean i like song. So it becomes 저는 노래하는 것을 좋아해요. As for the sample sentences you asked about I think its best to write those sentences in present progressive tense for now atleast. Long story short this all verbs into noun converting thing is for sentences that use two actions so you have to convert one of the verbs into noun depending upon the context of the sentence. But I might be wrong. So yeah. Hope it helped.

    • Linh

      thanks. It does help! I’ve been wondered how to use two verbs together since I started learning Korean.

  • Stitch118

    What is the difference between this and 고있어요?

    • Seokjin Jin

      You can make verbs into noun form by adding -는 것.

      -고 있어요 pattern is needed when you want to make a sentence into present progress tense.

  • Aya

    네 , 현씨랑 경은씨 공부하는 거 좋아해요 .

    – 지금 먹은 거는 피자이에요 .
    – 오늘 사과는 사는 거 이에요 .

  • Visenya Ackerman

    제 친구가 요리를 도웠어요. Or
    제 친구가 요리하는 것을 도왔어요. What would be the correct sentence for My friend helped me cook. Or my friend helped me in cooking. Since 요리 itself is a noun do we have to change its form? Same goes for verbs like 이사하다 and 청소하다.
    그리고 your lessons are a great help. I am having a great time learning the beautiful language that is korean. 너무 너무 감사합니다.

  • Trinity Pate

    안녕!!

    제 연습 문장 세 개:

    저는 한국어를 공부하는 거 좋아해요!! 정말 재미있어요!! – I like studying Korean. It’s really fun!!

    요즘 공부하는 거 한국어예요 – Recently I am studying Korean

    제 친구랑 그녀의 엄마의 취마는 노래하는 갓이에요 – My friend and are her mum’s hobby is singing

    Also just a question, for my second example would ‘요즘 한국어를 공부하고 있어요’ – also be correct and if so, which is better and more natural to use??

    감사합니다!!

    • 요즘 공부하는 거 한국어예요. Sounds like it means “lately, studying is korean.”
      adding 것이 makes it more clear that the study is the subject. So, 요즘 공부하는 것이 한국어예요. But I think 요즘 한국어를 공부하고 있어요 is more natural.

    • Trinity Pate

      감사합니다!! I’ll add what you’ve said to my notes!!

  • McKenzie Rodwell

    요즘 시험 주 학교 그렇지만 조금 아직도 공부하는 한국어에요. = recently its exam week at school but I’m still studying Korean a little bit.

    감사합니다!!!! I hope I wrote that sentence right I’m studying for my finals right now so I don’t have a lot of time to make a lot of sample sentences but I still wanted to study some of my Korean for a little bit so i can continue to improve and learn more because its fun learning Korean. 🙂

    • Trinity Pate

      안녕,

      I’m by no means an expert at all so I may be wrong but I think you need to use the location marking particle when talking about ‘at school’ so I think it’d be ‘학교에서’. And also I think it’d be ‘한국어예요’ instead of ‘한국어에요’Other than that, I think it’s good!!

      Good luck in your finals!!

    • McKenzie Rodwell

      감사합니다!!!! and thank you for your help, those were the two things i was worried about in my sentence lol.:)

  • nin

    저는 현우선생님하고 경은선생님하고 공부하는 것을 너무 좋아합니다. ^^
    제 집에 있는 것(을) 좋아해요. I like to stay at home(?)
    운동할 때 노래를 듣는 거 좋아해요.
    토요일에 공부하는 거 별로 안 좋아.
    I can’t think of any examples without 좋다, I think I’m tired. I hope these are correct.
    감사합니다!

  • It’s interesting people are getting this and present progressive tense (-고 있어요) mixed up.
    The present progressive tense is a tense of a sentence. 는 것 changes a verb to function like a noun (similar to adding -기).
    책을 읽고 있어요. = “I am reading a book (right now).” (this is a complete sentence)
    읽는 것 = “reading” (this is now a noun that can be used in a full sentence, and make more complex sentences)
    ex: 그 남자가 신문 읽는 것 같아요. = It seems like that guy is reading the newspaper.
    Here it is necessary to change the verb 읽다 to a noun, so 읽는 것 is literally “thing of reading.”
    In more simple sentences like “The thing I am doing is ___” it makes sense to use the progressive tense instead, or even the normal formal ending (-아/어요). However the different sentence structures gives a different feeling to the sentence, so it depends on the situation you are using it in.

  • Justin Steven Cruz

    혼자 집에서 한국말을 배우는 거를 좋아해서 현우선생님이랑 경은선생님이랑 공부하는 거를 줄겨요!

  • AudioAw

    매운 것 잘 먹어요?

    Is this a proper use of 는 것 when it is being used after an adjective instead of a verb? Or Is it simply describing “a spicy thing”?

    • Bianca Lima

      I’m just a fellow student, but I hope I can help because this example can be confusing. Here we have the stew of an adjective + ㄴ/은, which is the way adjectives are written to describe nouns (예쁜, 똑똑한, 젊은…), and the 것, like you said, is describing a spicy thing.
      In this case, they’re not using 는 것, instead they’re using “adjective + ㄴ/은 + 것”, and 것 in this case simply means “food”. The 는 것 form (like you said, once again) is used only with action verbs, so I’m pretty sure this example doesn’t really fit in the lesson. Again I’m just a student, but I hope this helps you!

    • Bianca Lima

      I deleted my previous comment because it was unnecesarily confusing OTL. But here, as you said, it is only describing “a spicy thing”, because 는 것 is indeed used only with action verbs.

      맵다: to be spicy >>> 매운: “the act of” being spicy, or simply, the noun form of the verb 맵다. Notice that to change adjectives into verbs, you simply add ~ㄴ/은 to the stew. So here we have “adjective turned into noun + 것”, which in this case simply means “food”, and not “adjective + 는 것”, because it would be wrong. I’m just a fellow student and english is not my native language, but I hope this helps!

    • AudioAw

      That’s what I was thinking, thanks for the clarification. Your english is great btw 🙂