Level 2 Lesson 2 / object marking particles / 을, 를

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안녕하세요. ^^ In this lesson, we are looking at the object marking particles. As we mentioned a few times through our previous lessons, there are different types of particles in Korean, and these particles (subject marking particles, topic marking particles, location marking particles, and so on) are what make it easy to understand Korean sentences, even when the word order changes.
If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here.

  • 하니

    라면을 어제 먹었어요 ? ( did u eat ramyeon ysterday)

  • faiza

    한곡어를 언제 공부했어요 ?
    케이크를 얼마나 빨리 만들었어요 ?
    텔레비전을 세 시부터 네 시까기 봤어요
    i hope it’s correct because it’s a little bit complicated lesson
    i’ll get used to it by the time . please give me the correction

  • Pingback: Particles in Korean pt. 3: Topic Particles [Grammar of the Week] | Twenty Third Station()

  • Matt

    이 수업는 좋아해요. 수업이 조사를 이해해 유용해요. 하지만, 다려요. 저는 다시 공부할 거예요.

    What I attempted to say above:
    “This is a good lesson [topic – first time mentioning lesson]. This lesson [subject – also emphasis of “in particular”] is very useful for understanding particles [object]. However, it is a difficult lesson [implied]. I [comparison – as compared to other learners] will have to review the lesson [implied] again.”

    I don’t think it is correct, but I can’t figure out how to write “for understanding…”. So I just wrote the present tense.

    감사합니다 for the lesson!

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Correction :
      이 수업 좋아요. 조사를 이해하는 데 유용해요. 하지만 어려워요. 저는 다시 공부할 거예요.

    • Matt

      Does VERB STEM + 는/은 데 work for all verbs?

      Ex. 영어를 읽은 데 어려워요. = It is hard to read English. / Reading English is hard.

      Is there a future lesson I could review on this topic?


    • Seokjin Jin

      In that case, we normally say “영어를 읽는 것이 어려워요”.

    • Matt


  • munkondi

    thanks for a very useful lesson!!!

  • Kiri

    Thank you so much!

    • Seokjin Jin

      You’re welcome! Thanks for your comment. :)

  • Filip


    I don’t get why 이다 is used in the following sentence: 화장실 어디예요.
    I thought it should be 있다.

    Thank you in advance.

    • Seokjin Jin

      어디 means “where” so we can find out this sentence is a question.

      In question form, -이다 is conjugated to -이에요? and -있다 is conjugated to -있어요?

      When you want to ask where the bathroom is, you can say “화장실 어디예요? or 화장실 어디에 있어요?”.

  • Jean Pauline

    Thank you so much :) this is really helpful

  • Liisu//

    that makes sense ! i finally managed to understand the particles & how to use them! <3

    감사합니다 !

  • Liisu//

    does that ‘When do you need to use object marking particles?’ explanation work with other particles too ?
    btw, it’s really helpful, at least i’ve got to know more about using particles ! ^^
    감사합니다 !

  • Gavin

    안녕하세요! 삼겹살을 한달에 몇 번 먹어요?
    Is this how to say “How many times a month do you eat 3 layers meat?”

    • JooyeonPark

      네 맞아요!
      yes, you are right! :)

    • Gavin

      Thank you for your time!

  • Nandini

    이 영화 몇 번 봤어요?

  • Leela

    물을 여덟 잔 날로 마셔요.

  • Christie

    축구를일주일에몇반왔어오? I want to ask someone in my club how many times a week they come to play soccer! Thanks!

    • JooyeonPark

      You can ask him/her “축구하러 일주일에 몇 번 와요?”

    • Cee

      Hello ^_^ I have a question about the sentence that you demonstrated and I was wondering, um, why 일주일에 and not 일주에? Why is there two 일 for the former? Wouldn’t the latter be sufficient to mean ‘one week’?

  • Kaye Razelle

    우유를 마시거시퍼요 is this right? :P

    • 3737

      Not 마시거시퍼요, 마시고 싶어요! So 우유를 마시고 싶어요 is the right one :9

  • nadzmi

    I am just doing fine throughout all lessons except chapters relating to particles (except location marking particle) like topic, subject, and object marking particles. Can I have a list of other sentence examples and things that distinguish them ? I’ll be very glad if you can email me. 너무 감사합니다 !

  • Chiara Copeland

    Are particles similar to the case system in russian and German? Do you have to use them all the time?

  • PenguinBeng

    Questions, questions, questions.. I’m hoping that someone will come to find this comment and answer T_T

    나는 사과 먹었어요
    Using that ‘는’ in the sentence..

    1. Am I implying that other than other foods, I only ate apple?
    2. or Am I just emphasizing the ‘사과 먹었어요’? Which can be an answer to the question, “What did you eat?” = “나는 사과 먹었어요.”

    나가 사과 먹었어요. -> 내가 사과 먹었어요.
    Using that 가 in the sentence

    1. Am I answering the question, “Who ate the apple?” = “내가 사과 먹었어요”

    I’m still confused, sorry.

    Is the “는/은” an answer to a “WHAT” question?
    “What did you eat yesterday?”
    “나는 사과 먹었어요.”

    Is the 이/가 an answer to a “WHO” question?
    “Who ate the apple?”
    “내가 사과 먹었어요”

    • Justyna Rozwarska

      “나는 사과 먹었어요” (I ate an apple)
      you are emphasizing that YOU, no one else, but you ate an apple.

      If you want to imply that out of the whole existing food, you ate only an apple it’ll be:
      “사과는 먹었어요”
      (you don’t need to add “나”, it’s unnecessary, because it’s an answer to question “What did you ate?” and everyone knows that it’s about you, it’ll be unnatural with “나”).

      I think that in the sentence:
      “내가 사과 먹었어요”
      “가” is just to emphesize that I ate an apple, but not that strong as “는” …. I’m a little bit confused in this too, but I was looking for an anwser and “이/가” doesn’t change the meaning of sentence as “는” from what I’ve seen.
      “(…)with 이 and 가, you can add more flavor and more concrete meanings to your Korean sentences
      when you want to emphasize WHO did something, WHICH ONE is good, and etc.” (from TTMIK lesson)
      And yes, this is an aswer to question “Who ate the apple?” (Just like for “나는 사과 먹었어요”, you can use both).

      I know that you asked this question a month ago, but I hope that it’ll help you anyway ^^

    • Brett R. Toomey

      You helped me a lot, so thank you. I had a feeling that this is how it worked, but I wasn’t certain :)

    • Justyna Rozwarska

      I’m happy to hear that :)

  • Imani

    홍대를 언제까지 놀어하세요? 아니면 > 홍대를 몇시간 동안 놀어하세요? are they both right or okay to use or both wrong? not sure 홍대에 몇번 고시원을 있으세요? 여긴 전말 가고십습니다! 감사합니다 아주 잘 배웠어요!~

  • Ryco

    i really love all of your lessons!! i forget how to use 을 and 를 a lot! 감사합니다!

  • _qaseh 나무_

    안녕..why I cant dwnload the audio lesson? ? Sum1 help me 주세요

  • Klaudia Hueber

    Thank you so much for lessons like this!! This website is really awesome and it had been helping me a lot. I’m a transfer student in South Korea and it had been stressful for me to learn korean since, I mean, it’s learnig a new language.. It’s not easy. I’ve tried enrolling to many centers and korean lessons here in korea but it only made my head explode more tbh. But when I found this amazing website, learning Korean had never been any easier. 정말 감사합니다!!! 이 웹사이트를 너무 좋아해요!!!

    • Klaudia Hueber

      I will definetely tell all my friends who loves K-dramas and K-Pop (and let me tell you, Korean Influnce through kdramas and kpops are srsly so big in the united states XD) and loves korean to listen here!!!!

    • Juanis

      Omo thats so cool… How did you get transferred there?

    • taetheral

      You can transfer through programs

    • Klxvdixoo

      I transfered here because of my parents work :)

  • 태태

    If I say “치킨을 일주일에 몇 번 먹어요?”, will it mean “How many times a week do you eat chicken?”?
    Thanks a lot for this lesson! ^^

    • Wendra Setiawan

      Yes i think

    • taetheral

      I think 치킨을 일주일에 몇 번씩 먹어요? with 씩 would be more accurate :)

  • Wendra Setiawan

    정말 감사합니다 for this lesson.. I become more understand about the other particles

  • Paul 볼

    안녕하세요 (^_^)/.

    I’ve figured out a fancy dialogue. I hope everyone will like it ^^

    What are you doing to do at tomorrow evening?
    I’m going to exercice from 19 to 20 pm tomorrow evening.
    Cool!Where do you exercise?
    I often like running in the forest.

    Until when are you going to work tomorrow?
    I am going to work until 3 o’clock tomorrow.
    Do you want to eat kimchi at 4 o’clock?
    Yep. Tomorrow we’re going to eat kimchi.

    숲 – forest
    다시다 – to run
    대복! – cool, awesome, great!

    감사합니다. 정말한굴좋아요공부하다! Thank you ^^ I really like to study Korean <3

  • https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCivMVa1OthTb2fVt8o-rhWg Gabriella Kie Kazami (개비)

    This really help me. 감사합니다.

  • 태한이

    어제 피지를 먹었어요 .. 진짜 맛있어용~

    • JooyeonPark

      I’m pretty sure you meant “피자” not “피지”. Right? :D

  • Lucía Domínguez de Miguel

    이 수업을 정말 좋아해요~

    선생님들 감사합니다!

  • Deepest Nightmare

    아, 감사합니다! I’ve been having trouble with this little particle lately, and this really helped! 오늘은 배고팠어요~!

  • 이삭

    (Laughed) Lost it when you talked about the apple and the strawberry! ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ 많이 웃었어요! (i think thats right)

  • Michael

    사 과늕추ㅏ요. I like apples. I can’t write the Korean properly.
    이거발간는추해요. I like red apples.
    뭐은바요.?what will you see?
    Please correct these.

  • Lola2507

    Hi! I’ve also seen the particle -들 in some lyrics, but it doesn’t appear in any TTMIK lesson. What is it for? Are you going to include it in a future lesson in level 10? Thank you!