Level 2 Lesson 2 / object marking particles / 을, 를

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안녕하세요. ^^ In this lesson, we are looking at the object marking particles. As we mentioned a few times through our previous lessons, there are different types of particles in Korean, and these particles (subject marking particles, topic marking particles, location marking particles, and so on) are what make it easy to understand Korean sentences, even when the word order changes.
If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.



You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Grace

    finally I found a web site where I can learn Korean … Excited much… Hope I will really learn fast…. appreciated much the effort… I’m just starting to learn..Thank you … ( ` ` )

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      There is not more powerful than motivation! As long as you keep your motivation, you will learn Korean so fast!

  • Vy Nguyen

    Do you like to eat pizza?
    피자 좋 먹 예 요?

    What do you want to eat tomorrow?
    내일 뫄너 하고싶 을 거 예 요?

    I need money right now.
    지금 돈( 을) 요하 예 요.

  • Devin Doss

    어늘을 한국 밥 먹을 거예요.
    Today, I will eat Korean food.

    어제 친구를 저기에서 만났어요.
    Yesterday, I met my friend there.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      어늘을 > 오늘은

  • Eunna

    현우씨, ‘개인의 취향’ 드라마 안 봤어요? 그 남자는 그여자에게 사과를 주었어요! 이상한 아니에요!
    I hope that made sense LOL, I’ve gathered as much Korean as I could from level 1 xD
    맞아요?

  • Joy

    Really helpful lesson. Learning real fast. kamsahamnida

  • TJ

    What’s the difference between the meaning of 누가 만았어여? and 누구 만았어요?

  • Matt

    Hello!
    I just need a little clarification regarding the different particles.
    From what I understand:
    the Object marking particle is used more with ‘doing actions’ (eating, going, doing, etc)
    the Subject marking particle is used more for explaining a noun (it’s hot, it’s expensive, it’s big, etc)
    and the Topic marking particle is used for comparisons and when you talk about something for the first time.
    Is that correct?
    Thanks in advance!
    -Matt

  • Lyn

    Is this correct? 김치를 일주일에 몇 번 먹어요? How many times a week do you eat kimchi? 감사합니다!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Perfect!

    • 유범수

      선생님, what’s the difference between 몇번 and 몇번씩? I’ve been a bit confused with – 씩 lately. And for the example given by the previous commenter, would it be more “right” to say 일주일에 first? Like this 일주일에 김치를 몇번씩 먹어요? Also, is this pretty much the same thing: 일주일에 김치를 얼마나 자주 먹어요?

  • https://twitter.com/omnia_mo7amed Omnia

    가방 샀어요.
    i bought a bag
    비자을 일주일에 한 번 먹어요.
    i eat pizza once a week.
    is this correct ?

    감사합니다 :)

    • 피자를 not 비자 비 means rain and자 means to sleep.

  • Yrrej Bojo

    물을 마실 거예요
    I will drink water…

    IS THIS CORRECT Sonsaengs?
    /
    \
    /
    \
    :) :) :)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Perfect!

  • Sierra

    어제는 꽃을 정원에 심었어요.
    Yesterday I planted flowers in the garden.
    지금 한국 역사 책을 읽고 있어요.
    I am reading a Korea history book now.
    오늘 반친구를 학교 후에 만나요.
    Today I meeting a classmate after school.

  • CJ

    can someone explain to me why Hyun Woo said ‘yeogi-eseo’ is it because the sentence is in past tense or is it in the previous lesson?i forgot. thanks

    • aldochristian

      because yeogi-e-seo is place that somethings going on , so that’s why hyunwoossi said that ..
      you remember 에 (e) and 에서 (e-seo) right ?
      e for things that exist in some place , and e-seo for somethings that going on in that place ..
      in this example is 여기에서 .. yeo-gi-e-seo ..

      Correct Me if I Wrong :3

  • aldochristian

    can i say something like this ?

    사과를 얼마나 팔 거여요 ?

    감사합니다 ..

  • Yaz

    다음 주에 시험을 많이 쓸 거예요. (Next week, I will be writing a lot of exams. *Just want to make sure that there is proper usage here, though I know I can drop it here, close enough to the verb right?*)

  • Drifty

    여기에서 한국어를 자주 공부해요. Something like that? Whereas if I put “한국어” right before the verb the particle wouldn’t really be needed?

  • Anton Escano

    Hyunwoo and Kyungeun, thank you so much for your lessons! I love how you never fail to guide me through each concept and grammar rules of Korean! 매일 한국말 수업을 공부해요!

  • https://www.facebook.com/kristinejoy.catan.7 Kristine Joy Catan

    Another lesson that I learned again! TTMIK you are always be the best!
    Thank you for this lesson again. ^_^

  • Miich Semafranca Byun

    Learned a lot! There’s no lesson 3?

  • Colton Hennick

    You guys are incredible!

  • Havel

    I often heard the sentence “네 목소리가 들려” = i hear your voice.
    The voice in here is an object but why 목소리 + 가 instead of 를? Thanks in advance teachers.. :)

    • Paige

      The voice is the subject, not the object. That’s why I think.

    • Juanis

      The subject is “i”

    • Lovely Nody (나다)

      That’s what i’m wondering about !^^
      It’s the object but why they are saying that it’s the subject ?! ^^
      진짜 몰라서 !!
      진짜…알고 싶어요 !!!

  • Sally Andrews

    Level 2, lesson 2, # 18, what is the translation of this, 옷 이 예 뻐 요. I’m not understanding the 뻐 part. Thanks.

    • Seokjin Jin

      예뻐요 means “to be beautiful” in English.
      Asking the meaning of “뻐” of “예뻐요” is like asking the meaning of “a” of “beautiful”. Just 뻐 doesn’t have a meaning. :)

    • Sally Andrews

      Thanks, for some reason I couldn’t get the translation apps to translate this. Thanks for the help.

  • Jham

    I’m still a little bit confuse on how to use the “object marking particle 을 를” and the “subject marking particle 이 가” :( How can I tell if I have to use OMP and SMP??? :)

    • Neoking

      An object of a sentence is having something done to it (Ex- I ate an apple. Here apple is the object because something is being done to it). The subject of “I ate an apple” is “I”.

      So in this sentence, “사과 먹었어요”, 사과 is the object because something is being done to it so you can add 를 and make it 사과를 먹었어요. You wouldn’t use 이 가 because apple is not the subject; the subject is whoever you’re talking to or yourself (depends on the situation).

      Someone please correct me if I’m wrong!

    • Jham

      Oh, ok… Now I kinda understand the concept… So… You use SMP to the word that you are doing “something” or there’s an action that is taking place…

    • Neoking

      Well, no, OMP would be used to the word you are doing something to. SMP would be used for the subject of the sentence which is the person place or thing that is doing something.

      For example, the sentence “누가 사과 먹었어요”, 누구 is the subject so you can add the SMP 가 and it becomes 누구가 and it’s shortened to 누가 . But here something is being done to the object 사과 (being eaten) so you can put the OMP 를. I don’t think it would be natural saying “누가 사과를 먹었어요”, but I think you get it now.

    • Jham

      Wow! Ok now i really understood :) Thanks Neoking… Sorry for the late reply :( We didn’t have electricity for six days… Thanks again for your help :)

  • Vergil

    When talking about how many times a week, why was 얼마나 not used? I`m now confused about it`s meaning
    감사합니다!

  • Paradise

    I just wonder if there’s a difference between the two sentences about television mentionned in the lesson! (the words order?)
    감사합니다 !

  • Raelin

    If I want to say “who gave you a present?” would I say “누가 순물 줬어요?”

  • Anna Le

    Correct me if I’m wrong :)

    “엄마가 사과를 안 좋아해요” – My mom doesn’t like apples
    Mom (subject), apple (object), doesn’t like (verb)

    Here I’m talking ABOUT my mom (she) – which makes her the “subject”/noun of the sentence.
    The apple is an object/thing – which makes it the object of the sentence.

    • Seokjin Jin

      I think you understand the concept of the subject/topic marking particle. :) Good job!

  • Rysho

    어제 저는 학교에서 제 친구(를) 만났어요.
    내일은 우리가 영화를 볼 거에요.
    우리 영화를 3번 봤어요.

  • Ahmed

    Hi guys, I was wondering how to use the object marking particle if we have direct and indirect objects.

    If I want to say Hyunwoo Sun teaches me Korean, would it be 선현우 씨가 저를 한국어 가르쳐요?

  • mila

    안녕하세요!!! Im loving this lessons!!
    I really really like the english words said in korean omg hahaha, sometimes i say them without even realising xd
    감사합니다 :)

  • Tuy Nguyen

    Could you please help me to correct these sentences? (통합 문서)
    1. 어제 진구가 지갑을 잃어버렸어요
    2. 얼마나 자주 학교 가요?
    3. 왜 안전화했어요?
    4. An example with “이상하다”
    Thank you so much.

  • Ashley Heil

    서는 영어를 가르쳐요 ..is this correct?