Level 2 Lesson 2 / object marking particles / 을, 를

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안녕하세요. ^^ In this lesson, we are looking at the object marking particles. As we mentioned a few times through our previous lessons, there are different types of particles in Korean, and these particles (subject marking particles, topic marking particles, location marking particles, and so on) are what make it easy to understand Korean sentences, even when the word order changes.
If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.



You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Grace

    finally I found a web site where I can learn Korean … Excited much… Hope I will really learn fast…. appreciated much the effort… I’m just starting to learn..Thank you … ( ` ` )

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      There is not more powerful than motivation! As long as you keep your motivation, you will learn Korean so fast!

  • Vy Nguyen

    Do you like to eat pizza?
    피자 좋 먹 예 요?

    What do you want to eat tomorrow?
    내일 뫄너 하고싶 을 거 예 요?

    I need money right now.
    지금 돈( 을) 요하 예 요.

  • Devin Doss

    어늘을 한국 밥 먹을 거예요.
    Today, I will eat Korean food.

    어제 친구를 저기에서 만났어요.
    Yesterday, I met my friend there.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      어늘을 > 오늘은

  • Eunna

    현우씨, ‘개인의 취향’ 드라마 안 봤어요? 그 남자는 그여자에게 사과를 주었어요! 이상한 아니에요!
    I hope that made sense LOL, I’ve gathered as much Korean as I could from level 1 xD
    맞아요?

  • Joy

    Really helpful lesson. Learning real fast. kamsahamnida

  • TJ

    What’s the difference between the meaning of 누가 만았어여? and 누구 만았어요?

  • Matt

    Hello!
    I just need a little clarification regarding the different particles.
    From what I understand:
    the Object marking particle is used more with ‘doing actions’ (eating, going, doing, etc)
    the Subject marking particle is used more for explaining a noun (it’s hot, it’s expensive, it’s big, etc)
    and the Topic marking particle is used for comparisons and when you talk about something for the first time.
    Is that correct?
    Thanks in advance!
    -Matt

  • Lyn

    Is this correct? 김치를 일주일에 몇 번 먹어요? How many times a week do you eat kimchi? 감사합니다!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Perfect!

    • 유범수

      선생님, what’s the difference between 몇번 and 몇번씩? I’ve been a bit confused with – 씩 lately. And for the example given by the previous commenter, would it be more “right” to say 일주일에 first? Like this 일주일에 김치를 몇번씩 먹어요? Also, is this pretty much the same thing: 일주일에 김치를 얼마나 자주 먹어요?

  • https://twitter.com/omnia_mo7amed Omnia

    가방 샀어요.
    i bought a bag
    비자을 일주일에 한 번 먹어요.
    i eat pizza once a week.
    is this correct ?

    감사합니다 :)

    • 피자를 not 비자 비 means rain and자 means to sleep.

  • Yrrej Bojo

    물을 마실 거예요
    I will drink water…

    IS THIS CORRECT Sonsaengs?
    /
    \
    /
    \
    :) :) :)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Perfect!

  • Sierra

    어제는 꽃을 정원에 심었어요.
    Yesterday I planted flowers in the garden.
    지금 한국 역사 책을 읽고 있어요.
    I am reading a Korea history book now.
    오늘 반친구를 학교 후에 만나요.
    Today I meeting a classmate after school.

  • CJ

    can someone explain to me why Hyun Woo said ‘yeogi-eseo’ is it because the sentence is in past tense or is it in the previous lesson?i forgot. thanks

    • aldochristian

      because yeogi-e-seo is place that somethings going on , so that’s why hyunwoossi said that ..
      you remember 에 (e) and 에서 (e-seo) right ?
      e for things that exist in some place , and e-seo for somethings that going on in that place ..
      in this example is 여기에서 .. yeo-gi-e-seo ..

      Correct Me if I Wrong :3

  • aldochristian

    can i say something like this ?

    사과를 얼마나 팔 거여요 ?

    감사합니다 ..

  • Yaz

    다음 주에 시험을 많이 쓸 거예요. (Next week, I will be writing a lot of exams. *Just want to make sure that there is proper usage here, though I know I can drop it here, close enough to the verb right?*)

  • Drifty

    여기에서 한국어를 자주 공부해요. Something like that? Whereas if I put “한국어” right before the verb the particle wouldn’t really be needed?

  • Anton Escano

    Hyunwoo and Kyungeun, thank you so much for your lessons! I love how you never fail to guide me through each concept and grammar rules of Korean! 매일 한국말 수업을 공부해요!