Level 2 Lesson 20 / have to, should, must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

Download Available

안녕하세요! We are learning another great sentence pattern to know in this lesson! Listen in and find out how to say that you “have to” do something or something “should” be done. And after listening to the lesson and checking out the PDF, let us know what you have to do, in Korean!

여러분, 뭐 해야 돼요? What do you have to do?

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Sharon Lam

    안녕! how does 되다 become 돼요 (present tense)? are there past tense and future tense forms for 되다 as well?

  • Francesco Colléter

    옴마 칩의 잇써 요, 글앳서, 저 는 요 리 안 해더 좨 요

  • Alex

    뭐 사야 해요? and 뭐 사야 돼요? means the same thing?

    • Ashley Heil

      I think it means the same thing but 뭐 사야 돼요 is more common and more used in informal situations

  • 이만

    Thank you so much
    how can I say ” I have to study Korean everyday”
    I wrote it but I think s.th wrong with it
    저는 매일 한국어를 암기하다 아야 되다

    Thank you again

  • 소피

    저는 정말 피곤 해요, 그래서 자야 해요.

    저는 한국어 배우고 싶어요, 그래서 공부해야 돼요.

  • Ashley Heil

    한국어를 공부해야 돼요

  • Trang Nguyen

    저는 방금 부모님께 식사 요리를 해 드려야 돼요 ㅠㅠ

  • Neoking

    나중에, 화학 공부해야 돼요. 그렇지만 안 하고 싶어요 :(

  • http://yeuki.tumblr.com abeer

    저 물을 더 마셔야 돼요 ㅎㅎ

  • Ahmed

    자야 돼요 I have to sleep
    I was wondering how to use -아/어/여야 되다/하다 in past and future tenses.
    Will it be correct if I say:
    자야 될 거예요 I will have to sleep
    자야 됐어요 I had to sleep

    or is there a different way? Thanks :)

  • Martin Kramer Hansen

    언제까지 옷어야 되요?

    Is it the correct way to use “laugh” (옷다)

    • Seokjin Jin

      웃어야 돼요? is correct. :)

    • Martin Kramer Hansen

      Ah yes. Stupid mistake. 석진 ㄱㅅㄱㅅ ^^

  • Maurício Themoteo

    How do I say ‘should drink’? Thank you.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      I/You/She/He/They/We should drink. = 마셔야 돼요.

  • 아란자

    한국어를 더 공부해야 돼요 means “I should study korean more”, right? 감사합니다!

  • Pamela

    자야 돼요! Is it correct?

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Yes! :)

  • Jaymine

    나는 이거 그만해야 돼요

    Is this right?

  • amy

    당시는 오게 사야 됐어요 – does this make sense? “you should have bought it yesterday”

  • Emily Norwood

    저는 빨래 해야 되요. 그리고 자야 해요 – 5시 아침에 예요! 공부 밤새 안 했어요, 놀고 있었어요. 하지만 많이 배우고 있어요!

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Correction :
      해야 되요 –> 해야 돼요
      5시 아침에 예요! –> 아침 5시예요!

    • Emily Norwood


  • Pingback: Learn Korean with the help from Master Yoda | CoMuLan

  • Jasmyne Trimble

    What’s the difference between 자야 하다 and 자야 한다?

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Hello Jasmyne,

      “자야 하다” is “자다 + -아/어/여야 하다,” and it means “to have to sleep,” whereas “자야 한다” is “자다 + -ㄴ- + -아/어/여야 하다.”

      “-ㄴ-” is used in 4 different situations.
      1. when you state a simple fact
      2. when you state a repeated/habitual action
      3. when you state a current situation
      4. when you state a definite future

    • Jasmyne Trimble


  • VoldiPhil

    오늘 저는 의사선생님한테 가야돼요.

  • Holger

    오늘 저는 사과해야돼요. (Today, I have to apologize.)

  • Diana Artunduaga Osorio

    저는 운동어야 돼요.

    Is it correct? :)

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Correction : 저는 운동해야 돼요.

  • Guest

    저는 운동야 돼요.

    • Elise

      저는 운동해야 돼요. 운동하다 is the verb form. 운동 itself is a noun.

  • Diana Artunduaga Osorio

    저는 운동아야 돼요.

    Is it correct?

    • B. Alvn

      no. 운동해야 is correct…운동하다 is a verb, 운동 is a noun.

  • Paula Cho

    하국어 공부해야 돼요.