Level 2 Lesson 20 / have to, should, must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

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안녕하세요! We are learning another great sentence pattern to know in this lesson! Listen in and find out how to say that you “have to” do something or something “should” be done. And after listening to the lesson and checking out the PDF, let us know what you have to do, in Korean!



여러분, 뭐 해야 돼요? What do you have to do?

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • Iliak

    Is this correct? I have to read a book today. 오늘 책을 써야 해요.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      I have to read a book today. = 오늘 책을 읽어야해요.

  • Devin Doss

    Why is it 돼요 instead of 되요 in a sentence?

  • 어드리

    I’m trying to say “I have to go eat” would it be “저는 먹는 거 가야 돼요”?

  • Carley

    언니랑 영화를 봐야 돼요.

  • Carley

    엄마는 전화해야 돼요. I wasn’t sure which particle I should use after 엄마. I first wanted to use 를 but wasn’t sure if that would be used correctly.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      If you meant “to call your mom”, then it will be better to say “엄마한테 전화해야 돼요”.

  • Sabine

    A korean friend of mine often says 야만 하다 instead of 야 하다. I don’t understand why there’s a 만 though… Could you please explain it to me? Thank you!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Hi Sabine,
      When we want to emphasize the expression like “you only have to do this”, we also put 만 after 야.

      너는 이것을 해야만 해.

    • Sabine

      Tank you for the quick answer! 정말 감사합니다!

  • http://nus.edu.sg JUN

    아플 때 집에서 잠을 해야 돼요.
    아무데도 가지말고 약을 먹어야 돼요.
    약을 먹고 있다면 신속하게 회복해야 돼요.
    그래서 지금은 약을 먹는 것을 기억해야 합니다.
    그리고 다음 번에 저의 건강에 더 주의해야 합니다.
    아픈 있지만, 한국어를 계속 공부해야 합니다. ㅋㅋㅋ

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      아픈 있지만, 한국어를 계속 공부해야 합니다. > 아프지만, 한국어를 계속 공부해야 합니다.

      Thanks for your comment. :)

    • http://Nus.edu.sg JUN

      고쳐 주셔서 감사합니다.

  • hiba

    정말 한국어를 배우고 싶어요. 그래서 매일 공부해야 해요.

    is this sentence correct ?

    감사합니다 ^^

  • gwendoline

    저는 엄마랑 동생한테 요리해야 돼요

  • Derick

    안녕하세요~

    i have a question.

    Is 돼요 a contraction of 되어요?

    If so that would mean that 돼요 is present tense right?
    So, this sentence “Yesterday i had to go to Seoul with a friend” would not be 어제 친구랑 서울에 가야 됐어요 but instead 어제 친구랑 서울에 가야 되었어요. Is this correct?

    -Currently struggling with this

  • Rishabh

    지금 제 여자친구한테 말해야 돼요.

    Is it correct?

  • http://www.talktomeinkorean.com/lessons/level-2-lesson-20/#more-883 Duygu

    저는 시험이 있어요 그래서 공부해야 돼요.(i have an exam so i have study.)

    correct?

  • Emma

    How are these? Not sure about my word ordering… or spacing… or anything lol.

    지금 저는 먹어 야 돼요!
    I should eat now!

    이거 저는 버리어 야 놰요
    I should throw this away

    너중에 저는 자 야 놰요
    I should sleep later

    어제 저는 일해 야 뇄어요
    Yesterday I had to work

  • Lyn

    Please correct this for me (^.^)

    그년 저는 한극에 갈거예요, 그래서 한극어는 공부해야돼요. 노력할거예요! 화이팅!
    This year I’m going to Korea, so I have to study Korean. I will work hard! Fighting!

    Thank you TTMIK!

  • http://- Maggy

    지금, 저는 먹는 거 가야 돼요 (Right now I should go to eat)

  • André Norberg

    지금 10시 50분이에요, 그레서 저는 자야 돼요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      저랑 비슷하게 자는군요. :)

      그레서 > 그래서

  • Aaron Brown

    저는 만히 안먹어야해요 그리고 운동해야돼요! “I have not eat alot, and I have exercise.”

    저는 오늘 일해야돼요… 그레서 지각 모리 압알거예요! “I have to work today… so my head will hurt later!

    지각 이예요, 그레서 자야돼요…. 그렇지만 자 안고십어요!!! “It is late, so I should sleep… But I don’t want to sleep!”

    hope I didn’t mess it up too much :P 감사합니다!

  • Aaron Brown

    저는 곧 일을 가야돼요
    저는 일을 곧가야돼요

    which one is correct? I am trying to say “I have to go to work soon”

    • Seokjin Jin

      The first one is correct, but 일을 가다 is not correct grammatically.

      It is good to say “일하러 가다”.

      >> 저는 곧 일하러 가야 돼요.

  • Melody Garcia

    내가 지금 뭐 말해가 돼요 진짜 몰라요 그래도 축하해요!
    Im trying to say
    “I really dont know what to say right now but still congratulations!”

    Is it right?

    And can I also ask what is the korean sentence for “be with your friends for a very very long time”

    Thank you very much :)

    • Seokjin Jin

      I really dont know what to say right now but still congratulations.
      > 지금 무슨 말을 해야할 지 정말 모르겠지만, 그래도 축하해요!

      For the expression “be with your friends for a very very long time”, did you mean that you want to be someone’s friend? Then it will be
      아주 오랫동안 너의 친구가 되고 싶어.

  • Timothy Lim

    지금 십시 오십오분 에예요 , 저는 자야돼요 .
    Correct me if i have anything wrong , 감사합니다!

    • Seokjin Jin

      십시 > 열시

  • Derek Stone

    오늘, 저는 운동해야 됐어요, 그런데 더 자고싶었어요. 오늘, 일하기도 해야 돼요 :(