Level 2 Lesson 3 / and, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

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Hello everyone, we are back with another lesson! Like many languages in the world, there are many conjuctions in the Korean language. In this lesson we are introducing two of them: 그리고 and 그래서. 그리고 [geu-ri-go] has the meaning of “and” and “and then”, depending on the context. 그래서 [geu-rae-seo] has the meaning of “therefore” and “so”. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • faiza

    저는 일곱 시에 일어났어요 그리고 학교에 갔어요
    저는 학생 이예요 그래서 숙제를 너무 많은 있어요
    i hope it’s correct . please help me if it is wrong

    • Seokjin Jin

      저는 학생 이예요 그래서 숙제를 너무 많은 있어요
      > 저는 학생이에요. 그래서 숙제가 너무 많아요.

      You did a good job. :)

    • faiza

      감사합니다 성생님
      i’ll say it correctly from now on
      다시 한번 정말 고마워요 :)

  • hajar

    i think the picture above means :

    커피 그리고 케이ᄏ 억고 싶어요

    please correct me if am wrong and by the way you guys are awesome thank you thank you thank you for everything you have done for us am going next summer to seoul and i can say i found myself a treasure of korean valuable lessons especially that in my city there are no korean lge teaching centers ! again thank you so much !

    • Seokjin Jin

      커피 그리고 케이ᄏ 억고 싶어요 > 커피 그리고 케이크 먹고 싶어요.

  • Guest

    돈이 없어요 . 그래서 첵을 안사요 (i dont hve money so i dont buy book )

    오빠를 만났어요 . 그리거 나에게 주고있어요 . (I met my brother and he gave me money)

  • Guest

    돈이 없어요 . 그래서 첵을 안사요 (i dont hve money so i dont buy book )오빠를 만났어요 . 그리거 나에게 돈이 주고있어요 . (I met my brother and he gave me money)

  • 하니

    돈이 없어요 . 그래서 첵을 안사요 (i dont hve money so i dont buy book )오빠를 만났어요 . 그리거 나에게 돈을 주고있어요 . (I met my brother and he gave me money)

    • HenrikF

      돈이 없어요. 그래서 책을 안 샀어요.

      오빠를 만았어요. 그리고 저에게 돈을 줬어요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      오빠를 만았어요. > 오빠를 만났어요.

  • http://kpop-rippedmypearls.tumblr.com Jazzlyn

    한국어는 어려워요. 그래서 저는 많이 공부할 거예요. Korean is hard. therefore I’ll study a lot.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Correction :
      많이 공부할 거예요. –> 공부 열심히 할 거예요.

  • Kizo W

    지금 한국 치킨하고 맥주 먹고 싶어요. 그래서 한국 가고 싶어요.

  • jo-an

    남편은 한국 사람 이예요 고래서 저는 한국어를 공부해요.(my husband is korean so I am studying korean language.)is it correct?

  • RainbowTrout

    새해 복 많이 받으세요 선생님

    • KyungHwa Sun

      감사합니다. 새해 복 많이 받으세요~ ^^

  • Serenity Maria

    한국을 사랑해요 그리고 한국어드라마는 보예요 – Please correct me if I am wrong

    • KyungHwa Sun

      What did you want to say? Can you explain it in English so that I can correct your sentence based on that?

    • Serenity Maria

      The first sentence i attempted to say was – “I love korea and I watch korean drama” I understood I was incorrect with spelling watch(to see), but I am guessing I’m wrong with the entire setence now. The second sentence “I was tired so I slept” I just realise I mistyped ‘ㅅ’ when it suppose to be ‘ㅈ’ for the word ‘저’. maybe I was really tired :/

    • Seokjin Jin

      I love korea and I watch korean drama.
      > 저는 한국을 사랑해요 그리고 한국 드라마를 봐요.

      I was tired so I slept.
      > 저는 피곤했어요, 그래서 잤어요.

      See? Your sentences are similar with my sentences. You did a good job. :)

    • Serenity Maria

      Thank you very much ^^. I re-read my sentences, after Kyunghwa commented, and relised I did comepletely spell to watch ‘to see’ wrong, and instead of typying jeo for I, I typed seo, I taught to myself I must have been really tired :(. but thank you very much for the correction ^^

  • Matt

    언제 도착했어요? 그리고 어디에서 왔어요? = When did you arrive? And where are you coming from?

    저는 한국에서 갈 거예요. 그래서 한국어를 공부고 싶어요. = I will go to Korea. Therefore I want to learn Korean.

    감사합니다 for the lesson.

  • Anon

    피곤해요, 그래서 잘거예요! 잘자! = “I’m tired, so I will sleep! Good night!”

    So does the sentence make sense?

  • Ruby Peters

    저는 함께 친구가든은 해변에 갔어요. 그리고, 바다에서 수영었어요.
    I went to the beach with friends and swam in the sea.
    냉장고에 저녁은 만들을 음식없어요, 그래서, 우리는 식당을 갔어요.
    There was no food in the fridge to make dinner, so, we went to a restaurant.
    Do these make some kind of sense? Or am I speaking madness. I tried haha :)
    Big thank you!!!

  • Alex L

    저는 학생이에요. 그래서 월요일부터 금요일까지 학교에 가요

    I am a student. Therefore/so I go to school Monday thru Friday. Do I need to add any particles or a subject (like 저는) in the second sentence?


  • Kazumi Nekrateholic

    저는 브라질이에요 그리고 날씨가 너무 더워요. I’m Brazilian and the weather is so hot.

  • Jason P

    저는 한국이 텔레비젼 그리고 뮤직 좋아요. 그래서 한국어를 공부해요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      저는 한국 TV쇼, 그리고 음악을 좋아해요. 그래서 한국어를 공부해요.

    • Jason P

      Thank you very much!


  • Zannah Ybanez

    Thank you so much it really helps me a lot to learn korean.

  • Esat Armağan Kaymaz

    커피 그리고 물 많이 마셔요 그래서 저는 건강한이애요. ?


  • Tyler

    hi, so when you said ” I’m a student and I don’t have money”. Why did you use 는?

  • saidthedaniella

    제 생일이에요 그래서 먹었어요 김치 그리고 비빔밥!!

  • Sherry Ho

    지금 사무실에서 점심 먹어요, 그리고 한국어 공부해요.

    Please kindly correct my sentence if I did wrong. Thanks a lot!!!
    (Just want to practice. : ] )

    • Seokjin Jin

      It is perfect! Good job!

      점심 먹어요 is still good and you can also say 점심을 먹어요.

  • Sherry Ho

    As the others mentioned, the use of 은/는, 이/가 and 을/를 really confuses me.
    I cannot decide if I should use or not. :[

    • Seokjin Jin

      I know it is hard to know what to use but I recommend you to make some sentences using them. Through the practice, you will learn more and more.

    • Arp Manyan

      I dont understand the same thing :((

  • Gavin

    저는 혼자 집에 있어요. 그래서 친구 보 고싶어요.
    오늘 아침 부터 저녁 까지 일했어요. 그리고 밥을 먹었어요.
    Are these sentences correct?
    I’m home alone, therefore, I want to see my friends.
    I work from morning till afternoon today, and I ate food.
    당신을 시간 감사합니다(?)!! Thank you for your time!

    • JooyeonPark

      네 맞아요! :)
      Those are correct!
      but for the last sentence, you can say 시간 내주셔서 감사합니다.

    • Carlos skHard

      보 고싶어요 is written 보고 싶어요*the space is after -고* Does it?

    • Seokjin Jin

      Yes, it should be 보고 싶어요.

    • Gavin

      시간 내주셔서 감사합니다.

  • Arpi Manasyan

    Please correct my sentence
    어디를 왔어요 (Where did you come ? )

    • Carlos skHard

      어디 is indicating time so you add the particle 에

    • Nicole Persichini

      I think you are getting eo-ti and eon-je mixed up. Eo-ti is When and eon-je is Where so that is why you use the location marking particle with eo-ti.

    • Naomi

      I think you’ve got those backwards…eon-je is when and eo-di is where.

    • Nicole Persichini

      Ne. Gam-sa-hap-ni-da!

    • Seokjin Jin

      “어디에서 왔어요?” is correct.

  • Carlos skHard

    저는 한국어 좋아해요,그래서 한국어 배워요

    Is good?

    • Seokjin Jin

      Perfect! 아주 잘 썼어요.

  • Fatma Seif

    우유처 맛있어요, 그래서 우유처 많이 마시여요. Milk tea is delicious so I drink a lot of milk tea , is this right ??

    • Carlos skHard

      Yep,that’s right

  • Fatma Seif

    오렌지하고 우유차 맛있어요, 그래서 한국어 공부해요 , is this good sentence ??

    • Carlos skHard

      Whats the relation between the two phrases?You like oranges so you study korean?Gramatically is correct but I think it is not logical

    • Fatma Seif

      I mean it as (then) i study korean coz after tea i fell good and ready to study

    • Carlos skHard

      Ooooh..okey,but you have misunderstood it.그레서 means “so” or “then” but meaning “therefore” not “and then” talking about time.

  • Anahit Sargsyan

    숙제 많이 있어요 그래서 지금 머리가 앞아요…

  • Leela

    저는 학과를 청취해요 그리고 코멘트를 남겨요.

  • Feliss (휘리스)


    This is my first time posting… :)
    I find that when Koreans speak fast, it actually sounds like 그리’구’ instead of 그리’고’. Do you think so too?

    • Shhaseena25

      Yes i do agree :3 아이고 also sounds like 아이구 while talking :)

    • Feliss (휘리스)

      Oh! I did not realize ‘Aigoo’ is written as 아이고. Thanks for bringing this up.

      I am beginning to find that there is a lot of inconsistency between what’s written and what’s spoken… 화이팅

  • Christie

    저는음식을맵다 좋아예오. 그래서 저는 타코를 먹고싶어오.
    I am trying to say: I like spicy food, so I want to eat tacos. Thanks!

  • Shhaseena25

    달꼬치를 맛있어요 그래서 저는 많이 먹었어요
    Chicken skewers was tasty so i ate alot of it
    아침부터 지금까지 머리가 아파 그리고 그만하지 않아요.. :(
    From morning until now my head is hurting and it won’t stop :(

    Plz correct me if I’m wrong ….Komawo :D