Level 2 Lesson 3 / and, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

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Hello everyone, we are back with another lesson! Like many languages in the world, there are many conjuctions in the Korean language. In this lesson we are introducing two of them: 그리고 and 그래서. 그리고 [geu-ri-go] has the meaning of “and” and “and then”, depending on the context. 그래서 [geu-rae-seo] has the meaning of “therefore” and “so”. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here.

  • Klaudia Klonowska

    한국어는 공부하고 깊어요. 그래서 한국 진구를 만나요. (is this present tense? therefore i meet Korean friends)

    • Gem

      한국어를 공부하고싶어요. 그래서 한국 친구들 만나요. (yes, it’s in the present tense)

  • Gem


  • Peri Martins

    I want to say 내일 파티 갈 거예요 ? and i want to answer No , i don`t have cloths so i`m not going , I don`t think it`s right buy im trying this way, 아니요, 천 없어요 그래서 안 갈 거예요 , is it right ?

  • 잔셑

    I have two questions.

    1. 저는 한국사람 어니에요, 그런데 한국어 너무 배우고싶어요, 그래서 한국어 공부해요.

    – I’m not a Korean person, but I want to learn Korean a lot, so I study Korean. (Kinda funny :D)

    2. 네일은 테스트 있었어요, 그래서 많이 공부했어요.

    – Yesterday, I had a test so I studied a lot.

    I feel like I’m all messed up. Please correct me :/.

    • JooyeonPark

      You did a good job! 🙂
      Here are a few corrections.
      1. 저는 한국 사람 아니에요. 그런데 한국어 너무 배우고 싶어서 한국어 공부해요.
      2. 어제 시험 있었어요. 그래서 많이 공부했어요. (=어제 시험 있어서 많이 공부했어요.)

    • 잔셑

      Ohhh yeah 내일 was tomorrow ㅋㅋㅋ :D. 감사합니다 주연 언니 <3

  • 이성환(아라스)

    저는 한국을 공부할 거예요, 그래서 한국어 많이 배워요.
    I want to say that ill study soon in Korea, so i learn a lot of korean.
    Is the sentence correct?

    • Sharmane Amago

      i think you should use 한국에 instead of 한국을 since 에 is a locative particle

  • 지아

    배고파요. 그래서, 먹을 거예요.

  • Sónia Alves

    안녕하세요, please help me out. Is this right? 그렇지만 너는 마자요, 저는 아니요. (Altough you are right, I don’t agree.) 그렇지만 너는 마자요, 저는 아니요. (Altought I want beer, I’ll drink juice). 감사합니다 🙂

  • Sónia Alves

    How about these ones: 이것 이상해요 그래서 안 먹어요.(That’s strange so I won’t eat it.) 내일 날씨 좋알 거예요 그리고 러는 놀을 거예요. (Tomorrow the weather will be good so I’m going to go for a walk.) Thanks for the help 🙂

    • Suga Swag

      그거 이상해요 그래서 안 먹을 거예요.
      내일 날씨 좋알 거예요 그래서 저는 놀 거예요. Actually, you are saying that you will play in this one.

      I can explain further if you want me to!

    • Sónia Alves

      Hi, I made a bit of a mess 🙂
      Yes, of course I do, if you don’t mind.

    • Suga Swag

      이것 = this, 그것/그거 = that
      안 먹어요 = I don’t eat, 안 먹을 거예요 = I won’t eat

      그리고 = and / and then, 그래서 = therefore / so
      러는 = X, 저는 = I (as for me)
      놀을 거예요 = X, 놀 거예요 = I will play.

      놀 already ends with ㄹ so there’s no need to add 을.
      You wanted to say “go for a walk”, but I don’t know the translation for it so I corrected the verb that you used.

      I hope this is understandable ^^

    • Suga Swag

      1. x – 이것 = this, o – 그것 = that
      x – 안 먹어요 = I don’t eat, o – 안 먹을 거예여 = I won’t eat
      2. x – 그리고 = and, o – 그래서 = so, therefore
      x – 러는 = *nothing*, o – 저는 = I, as for me
      x – 놀을 거예요 = 놀 already ends with a ㄹ so there is no need to add 을, o – 놀 거예요 = I will play

      Hope this helps~

    • Sónia Alves

      Yes it helps a lot. I have a long way to go. 감삽니다

    • arti

      You can also combine a verb with 그래서 to give it a direct connection as to why.

      For example, “이것 이상해서 안 먹을 거예요.”

      In the second example, “내일 날씨 좋알 거예요” sounds more like a statement rather than saying “the weather will be good”. I’m sure TTMIK will cover this topic later, so don’t worry about it too much. But if you’re curious, it’s “내일은 날씨가 좋알 거라서 놀 거예요”.

      열심히 하시면 한국어를 잘하게 될 것이에요. Good luck.

    • Sónia Alves

      Got it. Thanks arti.

  • Harvey Rivas Potot

    –> 아침 8시에 일어났어요. 그리고 밥을 먹었어요.
    –> 한국말로 말하는 게 능숙해지고 싶어요. 그래서 공부하고 많이 연습해야 돼요.

  • Eugene Evangelista

    어제 친구는 내 집에서 갔어요. 그리고 우리 같이 한국어를 공부했어요.

    • Eugene Evangelista

      Can someone correct me if there is a mistake? Thank you.

    • Ece Önder

      You don’t have to add the 서. Because your friend came to your house, the action is toward the house, it’s not happening in the house.

  • Desra Israyana

    I am student so I must read a lot of book
    저는 학생이에요 그래서 꼭 책을 많이 읽어요
    Is it right?

    thank you

  • Marc

    In the audio file there is a last example that is being said but not written the pdf.

    It is in English:
    I eat a lot of kimchi so I am strong…

    That would be:
    김치를 많이 먹어요, 그래서 저는 강한 이에요?
    김치를 많이 먹어요, 그래서 저는 힘센 이에요?

  • Nilanjana Saha

    In the sample sentences, in sentence 3 instead of saying ‘thun-i eopsawyo’ , can we use ‘thun-i-ae-yo eopsawyo’ ??

  • Mary Wu

    저는 한국어를 공부해요, 그리고 저는 서울에 가고 싶어요.

  • 이케이트

    남편이 한국 보고싶어요. 그래서 우리 고향여행이 갈 거예요.
    “My husband misses Korea. So we will go on a trip to his hometown.”
    시어머니 그리고 시아버지 보고싶어요. 그래서 전화 할 거예요.
    “I miss my mother and father-in-law. So I will call them (on the telephone).”
    저는 다시 학생이 되 고 싶어. 그리고 한국어를 공부 하고 싶어요.
    “I want to be a student again. And I want to study Korean.”

    Are these correct sentences?

  • TD

    영화 좋아, 그래서 나 많이 영화를 봐요.

  • Semitic akuma

    btw you forgot the 은 in the example 오늘 비가 왔어요 in the pdf file
    you are welcome .

  • Trinity Pate

    Thanks for another great lesson!! Could someone please tell me if these practice sentences are correct??

    어제 집을 청소했어요. 그래서 서울에 안 갔어요 -Yesterday I cleaned the house. Therefore I didn’t go to Seoul.

    저는 그리고 친구 놀아요. 그리고 우리 웃어요 – I and my friends are hanging out. And we are laughing.

    Please let me know if they are right or what I have done wrong!! Many thanks!! 감사합니다