Level 3 Lesson 11 / ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

Download Available

안녕하세요! Welcome back to TalkToMeInKorean.com! You have learned A LOT about verbs so far! You can now conjugate Korean verbs into many different forms! Great job so far everyone, and today we would like to introduce an exception in the Korean verb rules, which is called the “ㅂ irregular”. Well, it is not as difficult as it sounds. Listen in to find out more!

Thank you for studying with us!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Juci83

    Dear Teachers,

    Maybe I recognized one mistake in the sample sentences:
    서울은 겨울에 정말 추워요.
    [han-gu-geun gyeo-eu-re jeong-mal chu-wo-yo.]

    So instead of Soul this is hanguge?

    Thanks for your feedback!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Ah… yeah, it was our mistake. Thanks for your feedback and we will adjust it right away.

  • sarah

    it’s also my birthday on september 9

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Jolly-Good/100002653168045 Jolly Good

    저 오리는 아주 귀여워요.
    매운 음식을 미워요?

  • http://twitter.com kim

    lol irregularities in irregular verbs
    when i first hear this , i kinda freak out ,but it’s ok ,not that hard, compare to english irregularities , its like heaven

    별로 안 어려워요
    이거 천국 같아요
    (lol does it sound weird in korean ?)

    theres some thing i always want to say

    현우씨는 진짜 귀여워요
    경은씨는 정말 그리워요
    석진씨는 너무 친절해요
    lol i tried to find a word end with ㅂ but couldnt


  • Eastward

    단어 명부 (A words’ list)

    1. 눕다–나는 땅에 누워 별들을 본다. I lie on the ground and look at the stars.
    2. 굽다–엄마는 빵을 구웠어요. Mom baked bread.
    3. 덥다–아이고, 날씨가 아주 더워요! Man, the weather is hot!
    4. 쉽다—이해하면, 모든 것이 쉬워보여요. If you have understanding, everything seems easy.
    5 맵다–와, 그 음식은 매워요! Wow, that food is spicy.
    6. 귀엽다–당신의 아이가 아주 귀여워요. Your baby is very cute.
    7. 밉다–너는 어떤 과목을 제일 싫어해요? Which subject do you hate the most?
    8. 아름답다–당신의 성격은 너무 좋아요. Your character is so beautiful.
    9. 입다– 무슨 옷을 입어요? What clothes to wear?
    10. 잡다–하나님의 사랑은 제 마음을 사로 잡았어요. God’s love caught my heart.
    11. 씹다–그 물고기는 당신을 물수 있어요! That fish can bite you! 그래서 물고기의 아랫 입술을 씹지 마세요. So don’t chew on its lower lip.
    12. 좁다–이 좁은 길로 가세요. Please take this narrow road.
    13. 넓다–마음이 아주 넓으면 원칙들을 쉽게 잊어버린다. A very wide mind easily loses principles.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Noratikah-Fathin-Johan/100000679729984 Noratikah Fathin Johan

    선생님들 .. This lesson 너무 힘들어 ..ㅠㅠ

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Christine-Yohanna/8403450 Christine Yohanna

    When you use a noun with 밉다, is it the subject or the object?

    거미가 미워요


    거미를 미워요?


    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      We often use 밉다 to human. :) It will be better to use “싫어하다”.

      (저는) 거미가 싫어요. (저는) 거미를 싫어해요.

      Actually, you can use both sentences.

  • http://wesleymlincoln.wordpress.com Wesley Mark Lincoln

    Thanks for another awesome lesson! But I have a question… You mentioned that a ㅂ following ㅗ would change to 오, but how come 외롭다 is conjugated to 외로워요? Is this another “irregularity in an irregularity”? Thanks a lot! :)

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Hannah-Pinky-Gilbert/1248258380 Hannah Pinky Gilbert

    It’s probably not as cold as it is in Canada.

  • Ivy

    안녕! ^^

    I am puzzled by what happens if the verb ending with a ㅂ irregular is used just in front of the honorific form -(으)세요

    Does the ㅂ changes to 오/우 too or not in this case? e.g. 눕다 -> 눕으세요?

    Thanks in advance!

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Tara-Reynholds/1660781000 Tara Reynholds

    So it is 2012 will the spelling errors on the various lessons ever be corrected??? This is not the only one with errors? Do you guys need proof readers??

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Denitsa-Nedeva-Lcfr/718372690 Denitsa Nedeva-Lcfr


    I am little confused about something. Is it correct the romanization of 서울은 겨울에 정말 추워요 in pdf file?! Because I think there is mistake, but I’m not really sure…

    It’s for the first time to comment here, and you help me alot in learning Korean, THANK YOU^^


  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Han-Googeo/100003705837854 Han Googeo

    I just got dizzy after learning this lesson. 이 레슨 공부하기 전에 머리가 아팠어요.
    It was complicated. 어려웠어요.
    But I’ll keep practicing hard. 그런데 열심히 연습할 거예요.

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Han-Googeo/100003705837854 Han Googeo

      공부하기 후에*

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Han-Googeo/100003705837854 Han Googeo

    1. 침대 위에서 누웠어요. I laid down in bed.
    2. 다음 달에 추울 거예요. It will be cold next month.
    3. 그사람을 안 도올 거예요. I’m not going to help him.
    4. 빵을 구웠어요. I baked bread.
    5. 이제는 날씨가 너무 더워서 매운 거를 안 먹어요. I’m not eating eating spicy food since the weather’s too hot.
    6. 일본어는 어려워요. 한국어도 안 쉬워요. Japanese is difficult. Korean isn’t easy either.
    7. 그 아이가 진짜 귀여워. That child is so cute.
    8. 나를 미우면 가세요. If you hate me, please go away.
    9. 아름다운 세상 a beautiful world
    10. 집에서 티셔츠 입어요. I wear T-shirt at home
    11. 사과를 씹고 싶어요. I want to bite apples.
    12. 이 길은 별로 안 좁아요. This route isn’t so narrow.
    13. 넓은 마음 open-minded (?)

  • Nur Nazalia BrighterThanMushroom

    I love when Hyun woo 씨 like to tease kyung eun 씨 …haha both of them are funny … hurm I guess because of the ㅂ irregular things also make 고맙다 ( to thank ) became 고마워요 ? now ..it kinda making sense ….

  • Dylan

    Some practice:

    제 숙제가 도와주세요. (please help with my homework)
    그 라면을 정말 매워요. (this ramen is really spicy)
    네 고양이가 아ㅏㅏ주 귀여워~ (your kitty is soooo cute!)
    한국어를 매일 공부하면 쉴 것 같아요. (if you study korean everyday, I think it will become easier)
    해를 가려버리기 때문에 공이 잡을 수 없아요. (because the sun blinded me, I couldn’t catch the ball)

    맞아요? :)

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Faissal-Mouhandes/100000542920655 Faissal Mouhandes

    Hey ttmik-team,
    i was wondering if 집다 also follows the rule of 불규칙… but then it would just sound like 지우다…. so i asked my teacher who said it goes like 집어요 when conjugated.
    So, is it also an irregularity in irregular verbs not following this rule?

    • 학생

      search for the site dongsa, and every time you’re confused, do a reference there, until it sticks in your head. That’s the fastest way :) Or use daum or naver dictionary for examples
      But yes 집다 is rule exception.

  • 지아나

    I already knew about ㅂ= 워요 but ㅂ= 와요 was new to me.

    I thought we had talked about this before because I had Learned this rule from ttmik before this lesson.

    So it was mostly review for me. Because just the ㅂ= 와요 was new to me.

  • http://jkllr.net/ Doug

    Boy, I am really glad you guys covered this. It was driving me crazy. I thought I had verb conjugation figured out, but this confused me until I found some helpful sources, including your site. :)

    가르치는 것 는 감시합니다. 너무 많이 배웠어요.

  • Smurf

    There’s something i don’t understand about these verbs. How do i construct the past tense for a descriptive ㅂ irregular verb in its noun form? What i mean is:
    “It seems you are afraid” would be 두려운 것 같아요. (“stem + (으)ㄴ 것” since it’s a descriptive verb). What should i add to give it the meaning of ” it seems you were afraid” since, if i didn’t understand it wrong, it’s also “verb stem + -(으)ㄴ 것” (at least for action verbs)?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Regarding 두려운 것 같아요, we say “두려웠던 것 같아요” in past tense.

    • Smurf

      다시 한번 감사합니다 석진 씨.

  • Kim

    To my ears, you are telling us one thing in explaining the rule, but then when you practice them, it changes: you introduce a clear W sound between the vowels.
    Also, you say that stems followed by consonant-initial suffixes do not lose the the pieop. But at least the sound of the pieop is “lost,” since it becomes mieom.

    Also, a minor point: you say “to help” is followed by a “noun” – you meant to say “consonant.”

    • Greg

      That’s because ㅜ+ㅓ creating a diphthong that together pronounced as “wo”.

      The case when it becomes mieum is due to nasalization. You can google about that topic or search youtube.

      I don’t know what’s that minor point though. Probably in the mp3.
      But that that statement in the pdf caught my attention…

      “Remember that these verbs have irregular forms ONLY WHEN the suffix coming after them start with a VOWEL. So if you have suffixes like -는 or -고, they still keep the ㅂ.”

      How about suffixes like 시, 니까 and 면, that don’t start with a vowel? 눕다 would be 누우세요, 누우니까 and 누우면.
      So this statement is partially wrong I guess, unless they’re technically not considered suffixes. But well who cares. I guess nobody pay attention anyway.

    • Andrei

      Thanks, Greg. I had no idea about that but after seeing it written by you, 누우니까 sounded somewhat familiar. Good question seeing as even the wikipedia page for ㅂ irregulars says that the ㅂ changes only when followed by a vowel yet they show conjugations for those other suffixes as well. Glad I kept this page on speed dial as this is some good piece of information :D

  • Andrei

    Great…I’m answering my own comment :D
    Having given it a bit of thought, doesn’t it make sense, considering these suffixes are -(으)세요 or -(으)면? (no idea about -니까 as I didn’t get that far yet) To 눕다 you would add -으면 which means the stem is then followed by a vowel and the rule applies. There’s a similar example in the ㅅ irregulars lesson, where 젓다 becomes 저으세요. (if i have to answer my own comment again after realizing my brain fails, I’m quitting the lessons :D)

  • Dinithi

    whaoo.. this lesson is bit tough. However love studying korean… I’ll try my best.. 정말 고마워 그리고 난 기뻐요이 사이트를 발견 !!!! Fighting !!! :D

  • Claira

    소파를 앞에 둡고 잤었어요. (I lied down on the sofa and slept.)

    어마는 개익을 구웠어요. (My mum baked a cake.)

    내일은 너무 추웠어요 그런데 오늘은 너무 더워요. (Yesterday was so cold but today is so hot.)

    영어가 스패인어보다 더 쉬워요. (English is easier than Spanish.)

    여기에 김치를 별로 안 매워요. (The Kimchi here is not really spicy.)

    이 강아지가 정말 귀여워요! (This puppy is really cute!)

    언니가 진짜 어름다워요, 천사는 같아요! (Her sister is really beautiful, just like an angel!)

    감사합니다! :)

  • levi c

    최경운씨 너 목소시를 이뻐요

  • Chen

    1. 비가오는 날에 당신을 그리워요
    2. 뜨거운 커피 한잔 주세요


  • Ilhem

    Hello :)

    I’m wondering whether if my sentence is correct or not:

    잔치에 가기 저네 케익을 구울 거예요.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      잔치에 가기 저네 케익을 구울 거예요.
      > 잔치에 가기 전에 케익을 구울 거예요.

      I think you will get quick and better corrections if you use HaruKorean.com .

      I hope you to note that. Thanks for your comment.

  • Kevin Han

    어려운 수업을 좋아해요.

  • http://troybiltparts.org/ http://troybiltparts.org

    Hi there, just was alert to your weblog thru Google, and found that

  • JUN

    저는 한국어를 공부하는 것이 여전히 어렵다고 생각해요. :)

    화이팅! :) :)

  • mits

    hello,, may i ask where can i download this file free.. because its re-directing me to scribd and they are asking for subscription before download ….