Level 3 Lesson 14 / Making adjectives / action verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

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안녕하세요 ^^! We are back with another lesson on making adjectives out of verbs in Korean. And today, we are looking at how to change action verbs into adjectives. Basically when you add the suffix -는 after a verb stem, it becomes an adjective that can modify a noun. Listen in to find out more about it, and be sure to check out the PDF as well!

Thank you! 감사합니다 ^_^

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Derick

    Hi, Please reply to this. I am so confused.

    In level 3 Lesson 11 “ㅂ” irregular. You guys said that

    “Remember that these verbs have irregular forms ONLY WHEN the suffix coming after them
    start with a VOWEL. So if you have suffixes like -는 or -고, they still keep the ㅂ.

    But the suffix ㄴwhich follows 어렵다 is not a vowel. So why didnt the verb keep the ㅂ?

    Please please please reply.

    • Anna Le

      Hi! I’m gonna try my best to explain ^.^

      I think it’s because 어렵 ends with ㅂ consonant, then you actually have to add -은 = VOWEL suffix (which becomes 어렵은) BUT because of the irregularity of ㅂ, the ㅕ changes to ㅜ and then you only need to add -ㄴ because the verb stem NOW ends with vowel. Therefore 어려운 (=difficult).

    • Ashley Heil

      why does it say Fun game (fun + game)
      = descriptive verb 어렵다 + 게임 = 어려운 게임 ….i thought this meant difficult, and I thought fun was 재밍

    • Anna Le

      It is actually 재미 :) But yes I think it was a typo

  • Whispurr

    요즘 젛아하는 배우는 이민호예요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      젛아하는 > 좋아하는

    • Guest

      Once again, 석진 씨, 삼사합니다! It was a typo… It’s quite difficult for me to type with Korean keyboard, still trying to get familiar with it… :-)

    • Whispurr

      Once again, 석진 씨, 감사합니다! It was a typo… It’s quite difficult for me to type with Korean keyboard, still trying to get familiar with it… :-) I need to be more careful with my typing…

  • Horn Lynay

    여기는 자주 가는 곳이에요.

  • 나하린

    한국에서 눈이 오는 날에를 정말 다시 보고싶어요…ㅠㅠ

  • Vinnu

    Thank you for the lesson! :)

  • John Roseberry

    제가 좋아하는 영화는 살인의주억예요.

    A movie that I like is Memory of a Murder.


  • samah


    i know that i’m late but i’m trying to catch up with you soon as i can
    i want to know if this sentence is right .. because when i translated in Google it doesn’t make any sense
    i want to say ( the place i want to go , is where you are exist )
    and is there any other expressing ??
    저는 가고 싶는 자리에,당신이 있는 자리에 예요.

  • http://ask.fm/HoneyCrunch321 Jham

    The part the I put a circle on it… It’s supposed to be deleted in the sentence right??? 내가(제가) 안 좋아하는 is the adjective part… Right??? :D

  • Katherine Traylor

    요즘은 제가 좋아하는 가수 없어요.

  • Francesco Colléter

    제가 처와하 는 들라마는 QSD 이애요!

    • Seokjin Jin

      처와하 는 들라마는 QSD 이애요!
      > 좋아하는 드라마는 QSD예요.

  • Jae Kyeong

    노래가 제일 듣은 “재발”를 이에요

  • Jo A

    언어질문에 대해서 자주 묻는 사람이 있어요?

  • [포니]

    제가 좋아하는 가수는 비스트예요

    • Seokjin Jin


    • [포니]

      감사합니다 선생님 ^^~

  • Michael

    서파 외에서 자는 사람, 여기에서 사는 사람이에요?
    (The person that’s sleeping on the couch, is that someone who lives here?)

  • Naveed Usmani

    제가 좋아하는 여러분 이에요!

  • Ashley Heil

    the pdf needs to be fixed, it says a fun game is 어려운 게임 , when it should be a difficult game!

  • Diana Artunduaga Osorio

    경은 씨는 노래방에 안 노래하는 사람이에요. is it correct?

  • Matt

    그 미친 여자 가 당신을 때리는 … 제 여자친구예요. 죄송합니다. = The crazy woman who hit you …She my girlfriend. Sorry.
    제가 좋아하는 TTMIK 선생님은 … 비밀이에요. = My favourite TTMIK teacher is … a secret.

    네 경은 씨. 저는 굶주려요.
    감사합니다 for the lesson.

    • Seokjin Jin

      그 미친 여자 가 당신을 때리는 … 제 여자친구예요.

      > 당신을 때린 그 미친 여자가… 제 여자친구예요.

  • 나탈리아

    Please, correct these phrases. This lesson was kind of difficult for me! :)

    보는 이 시진을 올고 싶어요.
    I want to cry when I see this picture.

    지금 있는 도교에 일본어를 공부하고 있어요.
    Now I am in Tokyo studying japanese.

    저는 익숙하는 한국어로 말해요.
    I am getting used to speak in korean.

    오늘은 거짓말하는 오빠가 들었어요.
    Today I heard my brother lying.

    TTMIK 감사합니다!

  • Mary Han

    In the last Korean sample sentence: 배 고픈 사람

    I don’t get how it follows the -는 form
    Is 배고프다 here considered as an action verb?
    Can someone help me understand? Much appreciated ^^

    • samah

      i think 배고프다 descriptive verb that way add ㄴ.. is it ? i’m not sure i want to know too..

  • Phuong Nguyen

    제가 좋아하는 가수는 다비지예요. :):)
    더운 날에는, 수영하고 싶어요.
    저랑 백주를 마시는 사람 있어요? :):)

  • Esat Armağan Kaymaz

    자주 마시는 술은 있어요?

    Is there an alcohol that you drink often?

  • samah


    Thank you for the lesson is very useful lesson as usual .. but i have question…
    you said the ㄹ is drop when we add 는 but what if we want to add 은 for past

    울다 it become 울은 사람 or 운사람 ?

    and for other verbs 팔다 /열다

    please help me…

  • samah

    내 맘을 주고 싶은 사람 …..

  • Peter

    빨간 티셔츠를 입는 저 사람은 우리를 보고 있어요. 아는 사람이에요?
    That person wearing the red shirt is looking at us. Is it somebody you know?

  • Asha

    이 자는 사람 누구에요 ?
    Whos that person whos asleep ?

    치금은 !! 제가 배고픈 사람이에요 ㅋㅋㅋㅋ
    제 좋아하는 가수는 소퍼주니어 와 장근석 오빠 이에요 ^_^ 그리고 제가 TTMIK 선생님 모두 촣아요 :)

  • César Duarte

    지금은, 이는 한국 음식을 좋아하는이에요.

  • Jeeztiff

    제가 제일 좋아하는 여자 그룹은 소녀시대예요.
    My most favourite girls group is Girls generation.

    여기 제가 자주 가는 카페예요.
    Here is the cafe I always go to.

  • 파비안 (Fabian)

    여기 도와줄 수 있는 누군가 있어요?

    Is there someone who can help me?

    아주 좋아하는 여가수 소녀시대위 김태연이에요.

    The singer I like very much is SNSD’s Kim Taeyeon.

  • 산티아고

    요즘 가수는 좋아하는 걸스데이 민아예요.
    These days the singer I like is Girl’s day Minah.

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