Level 3 Lesson 24 / 르 irregular / 르 불규칙

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안녕하세요! We have another lesson on irregular verb conjugations in Korean today! Today we are talking about the 르 irregular, which you can find in verbs like 모르다 (to not know), 고르다 (to pick), etc.

This is one of the “easier” irregularities in Korean. Listen in to find out more about it and hear sample phrases. Be sure to pick up the free PDF as well!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Chrystal-Giam-/1224677026 Chrystal Giam 仪芳

    ‘ㅂ’ 불규칙 보다, ‘르’ 불규칙는 더 쉬워 같은데요. ^^ 이전에 모르지만 지금 알겠어요.
    선생님들 정말 고마워요… 특히 석진 씨는 정말 감사합니다!

  • Irene

    Hello 선생님

    How do you say irregular verbs in korean?
    Is it 불규칙 동사 ?

    I got this from naver.

    By the way, how many irregular verbs are there? I know these: ㅅ, ㄷ, 으, ㄹ, ㅎ. Any more?

    Thanks….it is so easy to pick up lessons from TTMIK.
    I really like learning here!

    ^ ^

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  • http://twitter.com/mariemerimar Mariel

    머리를 기르고 싶어요. 어려워요… ㅠ-ㅠ

    너무 감사합니다! 특히 석진 씨 ^-^
    언녕히 계세요!

    다음 수업 봐요! =)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      ^^ 저도 머리를 기르고 싶어요. 감사합니다. 하하하

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  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Hyeon-Bin-Chin/768459445 Hyeon Bin Chin

    thank you 석진 씨 :D

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      감사합니다. (–) (__ ) 꾸벅

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Khalid-Bilal/100001714562666 Khalid Bilal

    감사합니다! I’m also interested in knowing roughly how many of these verbs are out there, I learnt most verbs already conjucated so some more examples would be a big help! Thanks again!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      감사합니다. Thank you for your comment.

  • Samier


    I was wondering why 몰라요 was not 몰아요, just like 알아요 ^^

    감사합니다 현우 씨 & 경은 씨 & 석진 씨!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      하하 저도 오래전에는 왜 ‘몰라요’ 인지 몰랐어요. ^^

  • http://fewreasonsfor.tumblr.com raminsu


    석진씨 랑 티티믹 제 문장 고져서 저 가슴으로 감사합니다.

    매일 준비하 는 데 한시 시간 걸렀어요.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      ㅋㅋㅋㅋ 감사합니다. 다음에 메일 쓰실 때는 한 시간보다 적게 걸릴 거예요.

  • http://matinga.com matinga

    good stuff!!!

  • what is the origin word for 놀라요?

    • http://TTMIK.com Sonnie

      The basic form of 놀라요 is 놀라다.^^
      놀라요 is not one of ‘-르’ 불규칙동사^^

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  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Mickey-Bell/34201162 Mickey Bell

    질문 있어요!

    따르다 (to follow; to pour) does not follow this rule.

    ‘딸라요’ 아니죠? ‘따라요’ 맞죠?

    왜 그렇게요?

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Mickey-Bell/34201162 Mickey Bell


  • Rasha

    석진 씨, 감사합니다 ^^

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Hee-Lee/100002453367433 Hee Lee

    제문 봐주세요

    1, your hair is so weird
    who cut it ?
    네 머리 진짜 이상해요
    누가 잘랐어요 ?

    2, i raised 5 cat but they all died so i’m really sad

    고양이는 다섯개 길렀는데, 다 죽어서 너무 슬펐어요

  • HuyenTran Nguyen

    저는 어제 친구하고 산에 올랐는데 굴렀어요. 그래서 재 발을 진짜 아프고 오늘은 우리 어마가하고 병원에 가야 돼요.
    Yesterday, I climbed to a mountain with my friend but I had a fall. So my legs get hurt and today my mom takes me to hospital. ^^
    Please correct it If I’m wrong. Kamsahamnita!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin


      재 발을 진짜 아프고 오늘은 우리 어마가하고 병원에 가야 돼요. > 제 발이 진짜 아파요. 그리고 오늘 엄마가 병원으로 데려갈 거예요.

      Thanks for your comment. :)

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  • 조이


    석진씨, 진짜 감사함니다! ㅋㅋ 너이랑 공부하고있는데 정말 재미있어요. 요즘 저는 상하이에서 중국어 고부하고있어요 그래도 한국어도 공부하고있어요. 중국어 고부한 다음에 서울에 갈게요!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      조이 씨, 안녕하세요.

      한국어 잘 하셨는데, 몇 가지 실수가 있어서, 제가 고쳐 드릴게요.

      너이랑 공부하고있는데 정말 재미있어요. > TTMIK이랑 같이 공부하고 있는데 정말 재미있어요.

      중국어 고부하고있어요 > 중국어 공부하고 있어요

      고부한 다음에 > 공부한 다음에

      Thanks so much for your comment. :)

  • corina

    선생님 안녕하세요!
    저는 다른 나라에서 살아는데 우리의 전통을 다른 나라와 달라요.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      저는 다른 나라에서 살아는데 우리의 전통을 다른 나라와 달라요.
      > 저는 다른 나라에서 사는데, 우리의 전통은 다른 나라와 달라요.


  • Princess

    석진 씨, 감사합니다!

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  • Graham Anderson

    Ok, so -르다 verbs change to -ㄹ러/ㄹ라/ㄹ려 when they’re being attached to -서, and they don’t change when attached to -고. What about when these verbs are attached to -도? My guess is that they change to the -ㄹ러/ㄹ라/ㄹ려 form, based on how other verbs act — 여를 들어서, 해도 not 하도.

    And how should I conjugate -르다 verbs in the past tense with -고 and -면? Should it be 몰랐고 or 모릈고? I know you recommend to leave the verb stem in the present tense when using 고, so this problem should not ever arise. Just wondering what the correct grammar would be. Thanks!

  • V


    I was wondering why
    고르다 = 골라요
    why isn’t it 골러요 since it ends with a ㅡ so it should follow 어요?

    and if 그르다 = 골라요,
    why is 기르다 = 길러요?
    and not 길라요?

    Thank you 석진씨!!

    • Nbk1943

      Hi V, I guess you misunderstand the rules of changing verb stems. Lesson 1-16 would answer your question I think. Go and check it out!! // Also, you had a typo “그르다” in your comment.

  • http://facebook.com/trickymitchell 지아나

    I think I guessed this correctly but I want verification.

    So when deciding if the 르 should become ~ㄹ 라요 over ~ㄹ 러요 do you go by the first vowel in the irregular 르 verb?

    For example 모르 becomes 몰라요 because of the ㅗ in 모 and 기르 becomes 길러요 because of the ㅣ in 기. Is this correct?

    Also if such a word exist would 하르 then become 할려요??

    This was not explained in the lesson the PDF so I was guessing when I decided that I need confirmation before telling myself that this was indeed the rule.

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  • Pororo

    골라요 my nose.

    • Pororo

      I pick my nose.

  • Roxanna

    Can you please explain why it was 골라요, i thought it would be 골러요..

    • Jayden Ho ‘제이든’

      Because 르 have this particular rule.
      Verb stem add ‘ㄹ’+ 라요 only apply to verb stem with ” ㅗ /ㅏ ”
      Verb stem add ‘ㄹ’+ 러요 only apply to verb stem with the others.
      eg. 오르다(rise,climb)–> 을라요 & 누르다(Press)–> 눌러요

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      The basic form of 골라요 is 고르다.

      Verb stem ending with -르 followed by
      + -아/어/여요
      + -아/어/여서
      + -았/었/였어요
      In these cases, 르 is changed to ᄅ
      and placed at the end of the previous vowel and you add ONE MORE ᄅ before the verb ending.
      Even if the verb stem ends with -르 [reu], if it is then followed by other endings such as -아/어/여고, -는데, etc, -르 stays the same.

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  • Kevin Han

    수동 변속기 재미있어서 사는 것 골랐어요.
    제가 저를 잘라서 피 자고 있는데요.
    저는 작은 개를 6달 동안 기른 후에 어머니는 친수한테 개를 드리셨어요. :(

  • 온드르제이

    Hi, I would like to ask was the difference in pronunciation of sample sentence number 4 that made it sound more natural – was it “잘랐어요” changing to “짤랐어요?”
    TTMIK LESSONS을 주셔서 아주 감사합니다.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Thanks for your comment. Yes, in natural conversation, the pronunciation often tend to be “짤랐어요” when we talk fast.

  • http://www.twitter.com/TaemLine Tiara

    Wait a sec, I quite often listen to people who say 빨리…what’s the difference between 빨리 and 발라요?

  • JUN

    저는 많은 한국어 단어를 아직도 잘 몰라요.
    계속 열심히 공부해야 돼요~! :) :)


  • Tung

    Thank you TTMIK team!

    I have been enjoying studying Han Ku Ko with you very much.

  • 나하린

    정말 감사합니다…선생님
    정말 감사합니다…석잔 씨 ^^

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks for your comment but I didn’t do anything for this lesson. :)

  • John Roseberry

    내 개 13 년 동안 길렀어나 5 년 전에 내 개 적었어요.

    I had a dog for thirteen years, but the dog died five years ago.


    Thanks Seokjin!

  • CK

    That’s hard~~~ All of the sample phrases are from 르 to 라. But, there is an exception which is 기르다 to 길”러” !!! Is there a point that I missed? Who can give me more examples? T.T

  • Francesco Colléter

    프라스위이에요. 만약 치스 그리고 방 고르면, 저는 방을 먹어 고러요 !

  • jeffderricksy

    오늘 미용실에서 머리를 같이 잘랄까요?
    선생님이 정말 감사합니다!

  • 에비

    한때 저는 물고기 2마리를 길렀는데 3일 후에 죽었어요…… ㅎ
    저 기르는것은 잘 못하나봐요 ㅋㅋㅋㅋ…