Level 3 Lesson 29 / ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

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안녕하세요, 여러분!  In this lesson, we are talking about the “ㅅ” irregular. If you feel like there are many irregular rules in Korean, don’t worry! This is the 4th irregular rule that we are introducing and there aren’t many more left. Have fun!

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You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here.

We have a dialogue prepared in 100% Korean based on all the lessons in Level 3. If you want to check how much you can understand before studying all of the Level 3 lessons, try listening to the dialogue here.

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  • Esat Armağan Kaymaz

    저는 이거 문장을 지었어요.
    I built this sentence.

    • Seokjin Jin

      When it comes to 문장, 만들어 is used but not 짓다.

      저는 이 문장을 만들었어요.

  • Matt

    그 마녀는 나무하고 뼈로 집 지었어요. = The witch built a house of wood and bone.
    와우, 이거 낫는 것 빠라요. = Wow, this is healing fast.
    언제 웃었는데, 제 심장 녹았어요. = When she smiled, my heart melted.

    감사합니다 for the lesson!

    • Seokjin Jin

      이거 낫는 것 빠라요. > 이거 빨리 나아요.
      언제 웃었는데, 제 심장 녹았어요.
      > 그녀가 웃었을 때, 제 심장이 녹았어요.

    • Matt

      For “그녀가 웃었을 때…” I understand that 때 means “time/moment” and so I suspect that: 웃었을 때… = “the moment [subject] smiled…”.

      Is this a general form => [verb stem] + -을 때 that works for all verbs? Do the following make sense?

      떨어졌을 때 = the time I fell
      소고기를 먹었을 때 = the time I ate beef
      이해했을 때 = the moment I understood

      Can it be used in other tenses as well?
      그녀가 볼 때 = “The moment she sees me.”
      그녀를 볼 거을 때 = “The moment I will see her.”

      감사합니다 for all the corrections! 매우 도움이에요! (Very helpful).

  • 애슐리

    Can you tell me what happened to the verb 나다 if I add

    는데 / -도 ( as in 물어도 ) / -면 / and – ㄹ까 (as in 갈까) ??
    bc you didnt say it… :/ pleasee ~

  • Peter

    제 이름은 아버지가 지었어요. 그리고 제 할아버지의 이름이에요.
    My father gave me my name. And it’s my grandfather’s name (i.e., I was named after my grandfather).

    밥을 먹기 전에 손을 씻으세요.
    Wash your hands before eating a meal.

  • 애슐리

    Can you tell me what happened to the verb 나다 if I add

    는데 / -도 ( as in 물어도 ) / -면 / and – ㄹ까 (as in 갈까) ??
    bc you didnt say it… :/ pleasee ~

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    1) Wash the fruits before you eat.
    – 과일을 먹기 전에 씻으세요

    2)You have to connect to the Wifi before using it.
    – wifi를 사영하기 전에 이어야 돼요

    3)I washed all my clothes yesterday
    – 어제 제 옷을 다 씻었어요


  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    In irregularities when we use -(아/어/여)요 or do we have to consider the irregular letter(르/브/ㄷ/ㅅ).

    낫다 + (아/어/여)요 = 나아요
    then shouldn’t
    낫다 + (으)ㄹ 거예요 = 날 거예요
    instead of 나을 거예요

    낫다 + (아/어/여)요 = 나아요
    (here we’re considering 나 to decide if we should go with (아/어/여))
    낫다 + (으)ㄹ 거예요 = 날 거예요(but here we are considering ㅅ to decide if we should go with (으/ㄹ)

    설명하 주세요! 감사합니다.

  • TinaMusicFairy

    I want to ask: is there a dictionary that can help us figure out whether a verb follows the irregular rule or not? 감사합니다 ^^