Level 4 Lesson 25 / -(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

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In Level 2 Lesson 14 and Level 2 Lesson 19, we looked at two different ways of changing a verb into the noun forms. They were -기 [-gi] and -는 것 [-neun geot] and they both express the meaning of “the act of doing something” or the verb in the “-ing” noun form.

In today’s lesson, we will look at how to make and use “future tense noun groups”.


You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • 이때 전 처음사람이에용! 하하하~

    • Caddie

      축하해! ^_^

    • 게디 씨 감사합니다~ ;)

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Tyler-La/100000387228787 Tyler La

    에~~~ 드디어 선생님들이 저에게 새로운 일은 주셨어요 ~~~ :)

  • nikko

    at last.. i’ve been searching for these lesson.. thanks guys…

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Curtis-Couch/223802794 Curtis Couch

    저는 보는 반거우가 이 래선인데 지금은 (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 공부해요. 하지만 아직도 몰라요. 너무 햇갈려요.

    This is pushing me beyond my Korean ability level so time to switch to my native tongue. I’ve seen this in a few grammar books together with the past and present noun group forms. I know how to conjugate well enough but it’s acually knowing when to use it that confuses me. Frustrating.

    But another great lesson.


  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Asma-Achek/711633195 Asma Achek

    Hi :)
    i can’t open neither the pdf nor mp3 files :(

    • http://twitter.com/ever4one Hyunwoo Sun (선현우)

      Hi Asma : ) I just checked and it seems to be working fine. Which country are you listening from?

    • Jürgen

      I also cannot access the mp3 and pdf files.

      Problem seems to be connected with the links beginning with ‘media.lybsin.com’ or ‘traffic.lybsin.com’. For example, i can no longer access the mp3 of level 1, lesson 1. The pdf of that lesson is stored under ‘talktomeinkorean.com’, no problem to download it.

      Maybe the problem affects only requests from outside Korea.

      Update: Tried again, everything worked fine for about 5 minutes (Korean time approx. 17:50). Some friendly person must have pushed the right buttons. But now, the problem occurs again. Error message ist HTTP 404.

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Asma-Achek/711633195 Asma Achek

      Hi Hyunwoo-ssi i am from Tunisia

    • http://twitter.com/ever4one Hyunwoo Sun (선현우)

      Asma, sorry to hear that the file links are not working. It seems to be working in other places… We will keep checking! Could you try downloading them in a few hours?

      And actually, I think we received a letter from you today! Is that you?

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Asma-Achek/711633195 Asma Achek

      Ok thank you so much
      and yes it is me :D i am so glad to hear that finally you recieved my letter ^^

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Asma-Achek/711633195 Asma Achek

      and by the way i tried now and it works :)

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Pauline-Lim/741795374 Pauline Lim

    안녕하세요, 선생님들이! 전 말레이시아살고 있는 보령이에요!

    Below is 보령의 자기 만든 문장:

    1) 내일 토요일인데, 갈 것을 아무데 도 없어요?

    2) 엄마, 왜 시장에 가요? 살 것을 있어요?

    끝 =D

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      안녕하세요. 보령 씨, 기억하고 있어요.

      한국어 잘 쓰셨어요. 조그만 실수가 있어서 고쳐드릴게요,.

      1) 내일 토요일인데, 갈 것을 아무데 도 없어요?

      > 내일 토요일인데, 갈 곳이 아무데도 없어요?

      2) 엄마, 왜 시장에 가요? 살 것을 있어요?

      > 엄마, 왜 시장에 가요? 살 것이 있어요?

    • bubble22

      안녕하세요, 저는 nadin 입니다 :)
      선생님 한테 문제가 있어요.

      Why did you use 이 instead of 을?
      Isn’t 살 것 the object of the sentence and not the subject?


  • taey

    여기에 재미있는 할것이 있습니다? Is there anything fun to do here? .

    제가 갈데 없어요. 집에 같이 있으실 수 있나요? I have no place to go. Perhaps I can stay with you?

    앉을것 없어요. 그래서 바닦에 앉으세요. There’s nothing to sit on. So, sit on the floor.

    여기도 마실것 전혀 없어요? 목 정말 말라서 아파요. There’s nothing at all to drink here either? I’m so thirsty it hurts.

    이레슨 정말 좋아요. 너무 많이 말할 수 있네요.
    선생님들 너무 멋있어요. 정말 고맙습니다

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Thanks for your comment. Wow your Korean is excellent!

      However there are several small mistakes so let me adjust them.

      여기에 재미있는 할것이 있습니다?

      > 여기에 재미있는 것들이 있어요?

      앉을것 없어요. 그래서 바닦에 앉으세요.

      > 앉을 데가 없어요. 그러니까 바닥에 앉으세요.

    • muses

      Hey teacher

      for the first example ‘ Is there anything fun to do here? ‘,
      can i use 여기에 할 재미있는 것이 있어요?
      does it also make sense?

      also,why did you use 들 in the sentence?


  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Cullen-Klein/903470226 Cullen Klein

    jeoneun haksaengiaeyo!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin


  • Samier

    안녕하세요 TTMIK ^^

    I learned some new verbs like 타다 ㅎㅎㅎ

    I think the only thing that makes this a bit challenging is that some of these sentences can have two meaning ^^;;;;;

    1. 마시다
    누가 마실 거예요?



    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Thanks for your comment Samier. When you face a problem or there is a problem, please let us know. We will help you.

  • Stefano

    TTMIK에서 배울 것 많아요…

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      고마워요. ^^

  • hope

    안녕하세요 선생님들이!!!!!!!!
    thanks for the lesson,but i got confused a little: what`s the difference between
    이야기할 것… and 할 이야기가…?.
    I know that I have to study more.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      이야기 할 것 is “something to talk”.

      할 이야기 is “a story I want to talk”.

      Basically their meanings are same. They are just different in the way of expression.

    • hope

      감사합니다 진석진 선생님….I finally understood…thanks.

  • wintergreen


    한국어 배우면 배울수록 더 어려워지고 배울 것이 더 많아져요. 다행히 TTMIK선생님들 덕분에 한국어를 더 쉽고 재미있게 배울 수 있어요. 선생님들, 감사합니다!

    즐거운 하루 보내세요. ^^

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      저도 사실 영어를 배우면 배울 수록 어려워져요. 하지만 wintergreen 씨, 그럴 수록 더 좋은 표현들을 배울 수 있는 것 같아요.

  • http://obsoyo Laurens

    Did anyone else notice the notes in the mp3 file? I listened to the lesson and could look at the notes on my ipod at the same time.
    I hope you guys keep them in future lessons! It’s a great addition to an already fantastic website.

    • http://twitter.com/ever4one Hyunwoo Sun (선현우)

      Good to hear that you like it! :)

  • 아까 제가 두근두근하는 마음은 못 멈춰요 근데 지금 멈췄어요. ㅋㅋㅋ

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      아… 무엇 때문에 두근두근 거렸어요?

    • 음… 문장이 그저 하고 재있나봐요~~~

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Gilbert-Lee/69405382 Gilbert Lee

    집에 먹을 것이 전혀 없었어요. 그래서, 나는 가게에 갔고 싱싱한 야채 샀어요!! 팟캐스트를 잘 했어요!!! 고맙습니다!!!

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      와~ 틀린 곳이 한 곳도 없어요. 한국어 너무 잘 쓰셨어요.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Garrett-Emslie/30900788 Garrett Emslie

    오늘은 먹을 피자가 치즈 많아요. 갈 식당이 진주 시내이애요. The pizza I’ll eat today will have lots of cheese on it. The restaurant I’ll go to is in downtown Jinju.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Garrett 씨, 진주에 살아요? 예전에 진주 많이 갔었어요.

      오늘은 먹을 피자가 치즈 많아요.

      > 오늘 먹을 피자는 치즈가 많아요 (or 많이 있어요. )

      오늘 먹을 피자 = The pizza (I will) eat today = subject

      갈 식당이 진주 시내이애요.

      > 갈 식당은 진주 시내에 있어요.

      There is a small mistake in the subject marking particle so I think it will be better if you see this lesson.


    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Garrett-Emslie/30900788 Garrett Emslie

      감사합니다 석진씨! 전 Topic markers이랑 subject markers이랑 잘못을 많이 해요.

      In the first sentence, why did you put the subject marker 가 after 치즈? It seems that cheese should be the object of the sentence.

      하야튼, 네 전 진주에 살아요. 진주가 정말 좋아요.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Thanks for your comment Garret 씨.

      Regarding the sentence, let me divide the sentence into two parts.

      오늘 먹을 피자는 치즈가 많아요

      > 오늘 먹을 피자에는 // 치즈가 많아요

      In the pizza which we are going to have // there is a lot of cheese

      As you see, there is no verb except “be verb” so there is no object.

      Let me make a sentece using an object marking particle.

      오늘 친구들과 피자를 먹었는데, 치즈가 정말 많았어요.

      In this sentence, “피자” is the object for the verb “먹다” so the object marking particle “를” is used.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Mai-Magdi/1082022976 Mai Magdi

    is there different between 내일 공부할 외국어예요 and 내일 할 공부 외국어예요 :D :D

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      You need to write the obeject before the sentence.

      For example,

      한국어는 내일 공부할 외국어예요.

  • http://www.1rang.net zahra

    i want to know it is realated to where i hear your leesons?(Hyunwoo Sun said it afew sentences above.) beacuse i have problem with downloading PDF. I hear you from iran.
    thank you

  • seongha woo

    안녕하세요~ 제가 미국친구한테 한국어를 가끔 가르쳐주는데요
    do you like to drink beer? 이문장에서 친구가 그냥 너 맥주좋아하니?라는 문장말고 맥주 마시는 것을 좋아하니?라고 알고 싶어하는데
    “마시는 것을”을 어떻게 설명해야할지 모르겠어요.
    “것을”을 어떻게 설명해야할까요?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      안녕하세요. 동사를 명사화 시키는 과정에 대해 레슨으로 다뤘었는데 아래 이 링크를 참고해 주세요.


      혹시 또 궁금한 점이 있으시면 언제든지 댓글 남겨주세요. ^^


  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Jolly-Good/100002653168045 Jolly Good

    1. 너무 배고파지만 우리 집에는 먹을 것이 없어서 가게에 가야 돼요. (I’m really hungry but, at my house, there is no food so I have to go to the shop.)
    2. 오늘은 할 것이 없어요. (I have nothing to do today.)
    3. 저는 살 싶은 것이 많지만 일하는 것 안 해서 돈이 없어요. (There are a lot of things I want to buy but I don’t work so have no money.)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      1. 너무 배고파지만 > 너무 배고프지만
      3. 저는 살 싶은 것이 많지만 일하는 것 안 해서 돈이 없어요. > 저는 살 것이 많지만 일하지 않아서 돈이 없어요.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Cdrick-Sxm-Cocks/539578957 Cédrick Sxm Cocks

    IV, 25
    안녕하세요, I’m back with a sample conversation :P

    1= a client 
    2= ice cream seller 

    1: 오늘은 진짜 덥는데, 춥은 마실 것 있어요?
    2: 아니요. 오늘은 많이 사람이 춥은 마실 것을 샀어서 춥은 마실 것을 없어요. 죄송합니다 …
    1: 괜찮아요. 그러면, 아이스크림 있이요?
    2: 네 ^_^
    1: 좋아요! 많이 아이스크림  주세요 ^_^ 감사합니다 
    2: 아니에요! ^_^ 안녕히 가세요!
    1: 안녕히 게세요!

    I hope that I didn’t make any big mistakes ^_^

    감사합니다 for your hard work :D

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Nice try!! Thanks for your comment. Let me correct some unnatural words. :)

      덥는데 > 더운데

      춥은 마실 것 > 차가운 음료수

      오늘은 많이 사람이 춥은 마실 것을 샀어서 춥은 마실 것을 없어요. > 오늘은 사람들이 차가운 음료수을 많이 사서, (차가운 음료수가 you can omit the repeating part) 없어요.

      아이스크림 있이요? > 아이스크림 있어요?

      안녕히 게세요! > 안녕히 계세요.

  • Boris Lo

    Just a question on the sample sentences number 2 and 3: aren’t these sentences expressing a state in the present tense? So why would we use the future tense noun group in those senteces?


  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Hee-Lee/100002453367433 Hee Lee

    선상님들 , 이 레슨 들어 주셔서 감사합니다

    제문 봐주세요

    there are many thing left to learn about Korean grammar yet i dont have much time left
    한국어 공부할 문법 정말 많은데 시간이 없어요

    there’re many place I want to travel ,but i dont have money
    여행할 장소 많은데 돈이 없어요

    it’s interesting to learn about the connection betweem Korean’s patterns , i feel like i did grasp something

  • Nuken

    팔을것 ?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      No. 팔 것 is right. :)

  • Kristen

    I’m still a little confused about these noun groups. I know how to create them, but I’m not sure when to use them.

  • hamideh

    안녕하세요 친애하는 선생님들
    내가 준비할 논문을 때문에 지난주에 교수를 만나러 갔지만 건의할 것 없었어요.(i went to see a professor last week bcs of the thesis i’m gonna prepare but there was nothing to recommend)
    수정해 주세요.

  • Bella

    안녕하세요 선생님들

    1. 내일은 볼 영화는 액션 영황예요
    2. 진짜 몰라요. 쓸 것이 없어요. 이거는 배울 것이 어려워요. 열심히 공부를 할게요

    샘플 문장 더 주세요..

  • Curtis

    Hello! FYI there’s an error in the PDF on the bottom of the 1st page–To Eat is written as To Read.
    Love the website, I use it everyday.

  • TGivans

    I got really confused with the sample sentences when I expected ilhada to become ilhal, and it became halil. With hada verbs you only use the stem of the hada part? It wasn’t explained or I missed it.

    • http://small.dic.daum.net Greg

      It depends… How would you says it then? iralliri manayo? 일할 일이 많아요 – lots of work that I will work… no.

    • TGivans

      OK. After taking a fresh look at it, I see that it is actually only ‘hada’ that is being conjugated, and that’ il’ is just the noun that is being described.

  • Elvira

    선현우, I can’t open neither the PDF nor MP3 files. I am so sad. It is the second lesson I can’t open today. :(
    Are you done with changes?
    I am listening you from Italy and before the changes you’ve made, all lessons worked for me.
    Want to learn Koreaaaaaaaaaaaan :((((((( Please, please, please fix the problems so we can learn hard.
    I will check in a few hours.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Hi Elvira,
      I can see and download the pdf file without problems.
      Can you see the soundcloud bar and the blue letters? You will see the pdf file if you click the blue letters.

      Or if there is other problems, I would appreciate it if you explain about the problems.
      Thanks for your comment.

  • Claira


    This lesson may be a little confusing for me, but still, here are some sentences I did. :)

    초대할 사람이 전 아직 몰라요. (I still don’t know the person he will invite.)

    이 편지가 제 친구한테 보낼 편지예요. (This letter is a letter I’ll send to my friend.)

    다음 주부터 할 일이 많아요. 그래서 시간이 있을 것 많이 없어요. (From next week, I will have a lot of work to do. So the time I have is not much.)

    여기에서 내일부터 할 일이 장소 예요. (This is the place that I will work from tomorrow.)

    여기에 어떤 마실 것이 있어요? (What kind of beverages you have here?)

    그 예식이 우리한테 할 이야기 소식이예요. (The wedding is the news that he will tell us.)

    만약 집에 먹을 것이 없으면, 전 집에 가기전에 먼저 먹을 게요. (If there is no food at home, I’ll eat first before I go home.)

    감사합니다! :)

  • Tim Cheng

    1.시험은 있어서 읽을 책을 많이 있어요.
    2.이미 성인 인데 해결 문재가 많이 있어요.

  • Michelle

    I don’t know if my sentence are okay ㅠㅠ 이거는 괜찮아요? 진짜 몰라요 그래서 도와줄 수 있어요?

    I need to do many things tomorrow but I’m tired.
    내일 할 일이 만아요 그렇지만 피곤해요.

    I should buy food for my cat so I will do it tomorrow.
    고양이의 먹을 사도 돼요 그래서 내일 할 거예요.

    I’m still have to study chinese but I have a party the next week.
    아직 중국어를 공부할 렇지만 다음주 파티 있어요.

  • sara al-khatib

    isn’t 것 and the other nouns give the sentence the same meaning ? like something to read or a letter to send ??

  • Dolsanria

    조심하세요. 탈 것이 너무 빨라요!
    Take a lot of care. Vehicles are so fast!