Level 4 Lesson 27 / I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

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안녕하세요! In our previous lessons, we have learned how to make noun groups in various tenses. In this lesson, we are going to look at how to say “I think” or “it looks like” in Korean using those noun groups, including the future tense. We talked about this in Level 3 Lesson 9 regarding the present tense, so if you want to go review, please click here.

Be sure to check the PDF for the correct spelling of the expressions and if you have any questions, please feel free to leave us comments!

You can download a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.

  • Lawrence

    I’m confused. I thought this lesson was done already?

    • http://twitter.com/ever4one Hyunwoo Sun (선현우)

      Yes, we have, in Level 3 Lesson 9. But we wanted to touch up on it once again as a review and also especially now that we have covered most of the noun groups using verbs. We also added some explanation about the future tense too. :)

  • jesica

    your really good in teaching korean! how about you did you have hardtime learning english?

  • http://www.facebook.com/people//1411941954 최블라디미르

    여러분, how can be translated – 같은 사람

    it is a little 어려워요…

    • http://www.youtube.com/user/TheHCGTube HCG

      i’d say something like “the same person” but it would be better with the whole sentence… if you have it….

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Yeah, I agree with HCG. I think you can translated it as the same person.

  • 스튜

    Sample sentence #3 is in the past tense form, but the English translation dosen’t seem to be?? Is it right?

    • http://krisismybias.blogspot.com Hacky

      좋다 is a descriptive ver and for descriptive verb you have to add -(으)ㄴ 것 after the verb stem. Please review Level 3 Lesson 9. :)

  • Caddie

    Thank u for giving us another great lesson !

    By the way, how to express ” unless ” in korean ? For exp : ” I can’t leave my office unless I can finish my work in time. ”

    선생님들이 가르쳐주시면 좋겠어요. ^_^

    • http://panjjakpanjjak.wordpress.com Archana

      Hm, I’d like to know how to say that too. But you can express a similar meaning using what we have already learned through TTMIK. You could use “VERB + 지 않으면…” So, your example might be something like:

      시간에 맞게 일을 끝내지 않으면, 사무실을 나갈 수 없어요.
      If I don’t finish my work on time, I can’t leave the office.

      The nuance is a little different but the meaning is still the same, I think.

      여러분, 선생님들 좀 도와주세요.^^

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Thanks Archana. Your explanation is great!!!

      Yeah, it is translated as (만약) ~~지 않으면.

      I can’t leave my office unless I can finish my work in time.

      >제 시간에 일을 마치지 못하면 사무실을 나갈 수 없어요.

      Other examples,

      (만약) 수영복을 입지 않으면, 수영장에 갈 수 없어요.

      밥을 먹지 않으면, 그녀는 화가 날 거예요.

    • 밥을 먹지 않으면, 그녀는 화가 날 거예요 라는 진짜 웃긴 문장인 거죠~~ ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ

    • 밥을 먹지 않으면, 그녀는 화가 날 거예요 라는 진짜 웃긴 문장이죠~~~ ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ

    • caddie

      Archana 씨, 석진 씨, 완 씨가 가르쳐주셔서 감사합니다. ^^

  • taey

    So many ways to say different things. This lesson was very dense.
    Thanks TTMIK

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      You’re welcome! Thanks for enjoying our lessons!

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Daniela-Dimitrova/1003515704 Daniela Dimitrova

    Hello!! Thanks for the great lesson as always!!!!
    I was wondering if what was explained in this lesson applies also to descriptive verbs because as I remember in the present tense they get only the (ᅳ )ᄂ ending, which is the ending used for the past tense of the nondescriptive verbs. So how do we know in the following sentence, what tense is used?
    예쁜 것 같아요. I think she is beautiful or I think she was beautiful?

    • closet

      Hi Daniela, I just got to this lesson and was wondering the same thing. Esp since one of the examples given was 이게 더 좋은 것 같아요.

      If I’m not wrong, descriptive nouns will always follow the -(ㅇ)ㄴ rule, since they don’t have tenses. It is the action that can be in the past/present/future tense.

      I think she is beautiful. 예쁘은 것 같아요.
      I thought she is beautiful. 예쁘은 것 같았어요.

      In English, we would say ‘I thought she was beautiful’ because we’re used to reconciling tenses within a sentence. But the sentence really means ‘there was a time in the past that i thought to myself: she is beautiful’.

      Hope I’m not confusing you!

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Tania-Alvarez/1456980040 Tania Alvarez

    Ok i understand more, that we see before!!!



    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      감사합니다. :)

  • Samier

    안녕하세요 현우 씨 경은 씨 석진 씨

    1. 다음 주 눈이 올 것 같아요!



    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      네! 맞아요. 잘 했어요.

      다음 주에 눈이 올 것 같아요! 라고 하면 더 자연 스러워요.

      사미르 씨가 쓴 것도 맞아요.

  • wintergreen

    선생님들, 안녕하세요.

    이 복습하는 레슨을 만들어 주셔서 고맙습니가.

    연습을 좀 해 볼게요.

    1. 한국요리반의 등록 기간이 벌써 끝난 것 같아요.
    2. TTMIK 선생님들과 같이 공부하는 사람들이 점점 더 많아지는 것 같아요. 선생님들이 정말 대단하시어요. ^^
    3. 이번 주말에는 일을 해야 할 것 같아요.

    또 오늘은 처음 발견했는데, 레슨 PDF 내용을 Windows Media Player에서도 볼 수 있어요! 정말 좋네요! 선생님들 수고하셨어요. 그리고 감사합니다! ^^

    선생님들, 즐거운 하루 되세요. ^^

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      감사합니다. Wintergreen 씨도 좋은 하루 되세요.

  • Istvan

    이 수업 진ㅉㅉㅉ짜 중요한 것 같아요! 난 이렇게 생각해요:))

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      고마워요. 주말 잘 보내세요. ^^

  • Istvan

    아뇨, 티-지-아이-애프 :)

  • jesica

    seokjin sii whats your no?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      I am sorry I can not understand you well. :( What do you mean?

    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Nurul-Husna/519398770 Nurul Husna

      i think she’s asking wut’s ur mobile number ^_^

  • Ed

    How come sample sentence number 3 has “mwo-in” instead of “mwo-i-neun” since it is present tense?


    • http://www.facebook.com/people/Jolly-Good/100002653168045 Jolly Good

      1. 그 사람은 숙제를 못 할 것 같아요. (I think that person won’t do their homework.)
      2. 비보다 눈이 더 좋은 것 같아요. (I think that snow is better than rain.)
      3. 우리는 더 공부해야 되는 것 같아요. (I think we have to study more.)
      4. 오늘 저한테는 편지를 올 것 같아요. (I think a letter will come for me today.)
      5. 아빠는 은행에 간 것 같아요. (I think my dad went to the bank.)
      6. 우리 집에서 먹는 것이 없어서 엄마는 가게에 가는 것 같아요. (There is no food at my house so I think my mum is going to the shop.)

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Jolly-Good/100002653168045 Jolly Good

    1. 그 사람이 숙제를 못 할 것 같아요. (I think that person won’t do their homework.)
    2. 비보다 눈이 더 좋은 것 같아요. (I think that snow is better than rain.)
    3. 우리가 더 공부해야 되는 것 같아요. (I think we have to study more.)
    4. 오늘 저한테 편지를 올 것 같아요. (I think a letter will come for me today.)
    5. 아빠가 은행에 간 것 같아요. (I think my dad went to the bank.)
    6. 우리 집에서 먹는 것이 없어서 엄마가 가게에 가는 것 같아요. (There is no food at my house so I think my mum is going to the shop.)

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      4. 오늘 저한테 편지를 올 것 같아요. (I think a letter will come for me today.) > 오늘 저한테 편지가 올 것 같아요.
      6. 우리 집에서 먹는 것이 없어서 엄마가 가게에 가는 것 같아요. > 우리 집에 먹을 것이 없어서 엄마가 가게에 간 것 같아요.

      Thanks for your comment. You are getting better and better.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Susan-Williams/698391339 Susan Williams

    How do you say: “I think so”? and “I hope so”?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Concerning “I thinkg so”, I can say “저도 그렇게 생각해요”, and for “I hope so”, I can say “저도 그러길 바래요”.

      Thanks for your comment.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Hee-Lee/100002453367433 Hee Lee

    선상님들 , 제문 봐 주세요

    look like he’s gonna sing , someone please stop him
    그남자는 노래를 할것 같아요 , 누군가 방지하세요

    why ? is he really bad at singing ?
    왜요 ? 그사람은 절말 노래를못해요 ?
    i think so
    그런것 같아요

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      누군가 방지하세요 > 누군가가 막아 주세요. :)

      그사람은 절말 노래를못해요 ? > 그 사람은 정말 노래를 못해요.

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Sarah-Z/192001009 Sarah Z.

    안녕하세요! ^___^

    나: 오늘 밤에 콘서트에 가요?
    가: 아니요…
    나: 그럼 뭐 할 거예요?
    가: 글쎄요…미나 씨랑 같이 국장에 갈 거예요.
    나: 미나 씨? 근데…미나 씨 오준 씨랑 벌써 간 것 같아요.
    가: 뭐?! 어디에 갔어요?
    나: 스키장에 가기 전에 먼저 식당에 가고 먹을 것 같아요.
    가: 그래요? 그럼 저 먼저 갈께요.

    2. 이번 주 저는 너무 바쁠 것 같아서 주말에도 친구들 못 만날 거예요.
    3. 여행 가고 싶지만 너무 바쌀 것 같아서 안 갈 거예요.
    4. 진짜 잘 어울릴 것 같아요! 입어 보세요!
    5. 오늘 일이 다 못 끝나면 내일도 사무실에 가야 될 것 같아요. (For this sentence is it more natural to just say 내일도 사무실에 가야 돼요? )

    선생님 정말 감사합니다! ^^

  • Nurgul

    사람들을 저 보다 한국에를 훨씬더 공부하는 걱 겉아요?(is it correct?)

  • muses

    hey everyone

    can anyone help correct my sentence?

    과거에 그여자 예쁜것 같아요.그런테 지금은 없어요.
    In the past,that woman was pretty.However,she is not now.

    (I’m quite confused.Since there is no past tense for descriptive verbs then i just attach the ‘in the past’ to describe the woman being pretty in the past?or are there other ways?)

    성형수술를한다음에 ,그여자가 예쁠것 같아요.
    After doing plastic surgery,I think she will be pretty.


  • Matt

    이 레슨이 중요하는 것 같아서 거맙습니다!

    1) 이 바닥가 안전하는 것 같아요
    I think this beach is safe.

    2) 요즘에는 전 수면 부족하는 것 같아요
    I think I’m lacking sleep nowadays.

    3) 식당에서 축산물을 요리할 것 같아요
    I think they will cook farm animals (meat) in the restaurant

    4) 빌리씨가 습관으로 하는거 같아요
    I think Billy does it out of habit

    5) 정전한 것 같어요
    I think there was a power cut.

  • http://krisismybias.blogspot.com Hacky

    한국어를 공부한 후에 배 고픈것 같아요.ㅋㅋㅋ

  • Vitya

    Даа сложно все тут понять особено когда начал недавно учить корейский а английский вообще незнаешь

  • Ling

    Hi Teachers

    I have a couple of questions bugging me. Hope you can help me understand better.

    In this lesson what is the difference between “이거” and “이게”?

    Also, “많이” and ” 많아”?

    Thank you in advance.

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      이게 is the short version of 이것이, and it includes topic marking particle.

      많이 is adverb and 많아 is adjective.

      많이 아파요. It hurts a lot.

      사과가 많아요. There are a lot of apples.

  • Ling


    많이 감사합니다!

  • Cornelia

    Hello and thanks for another great lesson!

    오늘은 나아서, 사무실에 갈 것 같아요,할일이 있어요! Today I’m feeling better so I’ll go to the office,there is work to do!
    신발이 화장실에 아직 인 것 같아요,저는 어제 씻었어요. I think the shoes are still in the bathroom,I washed them yesterday


    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Hello Cornelia,
      신발이 화장실에 아직 인 것 같아요,저는 어제 씻었어요.
      > 신발이 화장실에 아직 있는 것 같아요. 저는 어제 (신발을) 빨았어요.

      When you wash something liks clothes, shoes, you can use “빨다”.

  • Claira


    오늘의 수업이 안 올 것 같아요. (I think he will not come for today’s class.)

    누가 전화한 것 같아요? (Who do you think called?)

    여자친구를 곧 있을 것 같아요. (I think he will have a girlfriend soon.)

    어제 김치를 요리한 것 같아요. (I think she cooked kimchi yesterday.)

    아까 여기에 온 것 같아요. (I think he came just now.)

    진실 말하는 것 같아요. (I think he is telling the truth.)

    감사합니다! :)

  • http://www.facebook.com/babaaaac/ Dace


    내일 서커스가 올 것 같아요. – I think the circus will come tomorrow.
    저 콩들이 이미 낡은 것 같아요. – I think those beens are already old.
    모레는 아무빵도 없을 것 같아요. As for the day after tomorrow, i think there will be no bread.
    배가 곧 가라앉을 것 같아요. – I think the ship is going to sink soon.
    이 무용가 진짜 제일 좋은 것 같아요. – I think this dancer was really the best
    이 배의 이름은 “타이태닉”인 것 같아요. – I think this ship was called “Titanik”.
    그 신문 지난 주에 본 것 같아요. – I think i read that newspaper last week.
    저 사람 네 모자를 입는 것 같아. – I think that person is wearing your heat.
    신디야 씨는 결혼식 너무 아름답은 것 같아요. – I think Cindy’s wedding was very beautiful.

  • d3Mn


    When I’m using this with descriptive verbs does the structure for past and present tense is the same? -(으)ㄴ 것 같다?

    For example if I want to say: “I think she was pretty.”


    • k

      genyeoneun yaebben geot gatayo

    • k

      *yaebbeudeon or yaebbeossdeon

    • Seokjin Jin

      You can say “그녀는 예뻤던 것 같아요”.

  • Dolsanria

    오모! 토할 갓 가타요!
    Omo! I think he’s going to vomit!

    • Dolsanria

      Sorry. It’s 같아요. (^^,)v

  • Winnie Zambo

    내년에 우리 엄마가 우리 언니를 만날 수 있을 것 같아요.

    • Seokjin Jin

      잘 쓰셨어요! :)

  • Jesús López

    현우씨는 한국애 서 최고로 똑똑한 사람 같아요.

  • Francesco Colléter

    저기위에 버하요! 이산에 수도원 것 같아요.
    Look up there ! I think it’s a monastry on the mountain.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      Correction :
      저기 위를 봐요! 이 산에 수도원 있는 것 같아요.

  • Rochim Hidayah

    동생이 방에서 한국어를 공부하고 있는 거 같아요.

    • KyungHwa Sun


  • Nick

    I remember from a previous lesson that when talking about an adjective you just use ㄴ e.g. 그 사람은 이상한 것 같아요 “I think that person is strange” (present tense). But what if you want to say “That person WAS strange” in the past tense?