Level 5 Lesson 16 / Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다, 하다 vs 해요 vs 한다

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안녕하세요. ^^ In this lesson, let us take a look at how to make narrative present tense sentences using -(ㄴ/는)다. This verb ending is usually used when you are talking to someone NOT older than you and on close terms with. It is also often used in writing when describing what is happening.



Thank you so much for studying with us and as usual, be sure to leave us comments and practice making your own sample sentences!

You can view a free PDF for this lesson here, or if you want to study with our TalkToMeInKorean textbooks, you can get them here. And after you learn the basics, try writing your own Korean sentences and get corrections from native speakers through HaruKorean, our 1:1 correction service.


  • HGDS

    In 존댓말, would you use the -고 있다 (present progressive form) instead of -(ㄴ/는)다 form?

    • http://twitter.com/jinseokjin jinseokjin

      Hm… would you make some example sentences?

  • 나기

    먼저 선생님들한데 감사해요. 저 이걸 배웠는데 잘 이해하지 않고 못쓰는 것 같았어요. 근데 이 공부를 들고 좀 알게 됐어요… 한국어 빨리 배우고 싶어요 ….

  • Claira

    “아…그렇게 있다!” :D

    안녕하세요!
    Thank you for the lesson. I’ve been hearing the 다-ending a lot when I watch Running Man. I was wondering why they use the dictionary form. Now I understand. :)

    어! 여기 정말 아름답는다! (Oh, this place is really beautiful!)

    너 안 조용하면 나 안 말한다. (If you don’t keep quiet, I won’t tell you.)

    너 노래를 잘 한다! (You sing quite well!)

    밥을 먹는다. (I’m going to eat now.)

    우리 여기에서 너무 오래 기다렸어. 지금 전화가 한다. (We waited here for so long. I’m calling her now.)

    너 왜 여기에 있다? 제주도에 가려고 하는 생각했어. (Why are you here? I thought you were planning to go to Jeju Island?)

    TTMIK웹사이트에서 한국어를 공부할 수 있다. (You can study Korean at TTMIK website.)

    한국에 그 사람들이 “안녕하세요”를 자주 말한다. (In Korea, the people always say 안녕하세요.)

    그럼 너 생일의 선물을 안 산다. (If so, I’m not buying your birthday present.)

    감사합니다! :)

  • Samuel Leonard

    I’m curious, if you were to post a status on facebook, which ending would you use? I see people using the narrative present tense all the time, but surely it depends, right? 감사합니다 :)

  • Mini Konkhmer

    First time to me understand about this structure since I’ve seen many people using this expression structure. Thanks for priceless lesson.

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks for your comment. I am pleased to know that this lesson is helpful to you. :)

  • Francesco Colléter

    오 네가 요기 벌소 와다 ! 더 기다리 곳가다.

    Oh you’re already here ! I thought I would wait more.

    • Seokjin Jin

      오, 벌써 왔어요! 제가 더 기다릴 거라고 생각했어요.