Level 5 Lesson 16 / Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다, 하다 vs 해요 vs 한다

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안녕하세요. ^^ In this lesson, let us take a look at how to make narrative present tense sentences using -(ㄴ/는)다. This verb ending is usually used when you are talking to someone NOT older than you and on close terms with. It is also often used in writing when describing what is happening.

Thank you so much for studying with us and as usual, be sure to leave us comments and practice making your own sample sentences!

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

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  • HGDS

    In 존댓말, would you use the -고 있다 (present progressive form) instead of -(ㄴ/는)다 form?

    • Hm… would you make some example sentences?

  • 나기

    먼저 선생님들한데 감사해요. 저 이걸 배웠는데 잘 이해하지 않고 못쓰는 것 같았어요. 근데 이 공부를 들고 좀 알게 됐어요… 한국어 빨리 배우고 싶어요 ….

  • Claira

    “아…그렇게 있다!” 😀

    Thank you for the lesson. I’ve been hearing the 다-ending a lot when I watch Running Man. I was wondering why they use the dictionary form. Now I understand. 🙂

    어! 여기 정말 아름답는다! (Oh, this place is really beautiful!)

    너 안 조용하면 나 안 말한다. (If you don’t keep quiet, I won’t tell you.)

    너 노래를 잘 한다! (You sing quite well!)

    밥을 먹는다. (I’m going to eat now.)

    우리 여기에서 너무 오래 기다렸어. 지금 전화가 한다. (We waited here for so long. I’m calling her now.)

    너 왜 여기에 있다? 제주도에 가려고 하는 생각했어. (Why are you here? I thought you were planning to go to Jeju Island?)

    TTMIK웹사이트에서 한국어를 공부할 수 있다. (You can study Korean at TTMIK website.)

    한국에 그 사람들이 “안녕하세요”를 자주 말한다. (In Korea, the people always say 안녕하세요.)

    그럼 너 생일의 선물을 안 산다. (If so, I’m not buying your birthday present.)

    감사합니다! 🙂

  • Samuel Leonard

    I’m curious, if you were to post a status on facebook, which ending would you use? I see people using the narrative present tense all the time, but surely it depends, right? 감사합니다 🙂

  • Mini Konkhmer

    First time to me understand about this structure since I’ve seen many people using this expression structure. Thanks for priceless lesson.

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks for your comment. I am pleased to know that this lesson is helpful to you. 🙂

  • Francesco Colléter

    오 네가 요기 벌소 와다 ! 더 기다리 곳가다.

    Oh you’re already here ! I thought I would wait more.

    • Seokjin Jin

      오, 벌써 왔어요! 제가 더 기다릴 거라고 생각했어요.

  • 나하린

    한국에서 일 하고싶다. 그리고 승무워 되고싶다!
    그래서 TTMIK에저 항장 열심히 공부해야한다.
    이제 먼저 가고 책을 읽어야 된다.
    언젠가 승무원 이면 한국에 가고 전쟁님들 만난다.
    정말 감사함니다^^

  • samah

    hello ,

    it look like some in cases similar to -네 i can say 이거 좋네

    thank you for the lesson i really enjoyed it .. i heard it a lot in songs and drama

    내가 사랑했던 추억들도 다 가지고 떠나간다

    가지 말라고 울어본다..

  • samah

    대답이 없어서, 내가울어본다 ㅜㅜ ..

  • Shy Unicorn ♡

    – 와우! 나 한국으로 착륙한다!

    -언니, 미안! 나 먼저 간다.

    -어? 눈이 온다!

    (Is it correct? ^^)

  • Julie Miller

    1) 너 집에 너무 천천히 와서 지금은 벌써 늦어졌어. 나는 먼자 간다! –> Because you are coming home so slowly, now we are already late. I’m leaving first! (I’m tired of waiting, so I’m going…)
    2) 저기서 Brad Pitt가 있다!! –> There’s Brad Pitt over there!!
    3) 너 이 음식이 안 좋아서 나는 다 먹은다. –> Since you don’t like this food, I’m eating it all.
    4) 건강하고 싶으면 매일 운동해야 한다. –> If you want to be healthy, exercise everyday. (written)

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    1)She’s coming again (when you’re not expecting that person will come)
    – 그녀는 다시 온다

    2) Oh! It’s so delicious(when you didn’t expected it to be delicious)
    – 어! 이거 너무 만있는다

    3) Jane is cooking! (she doesn’t usually cook and surprisingly she’s cooking)
    – 재인가 요리한다

    4) I’m going to eat all of this! (It’s like you’re warning the other person that you’re going to eat all of this and expecting a response from that person)
    – 이거 다 먹는다!

    5) I’m telling mom (When you’re expecting a response from the other person)
    – 엄마한테 말한다!

    If there are any mistakes, please correct me. 감사합니다!

    • Anna Levesque

      i think in the second sentence, since 맛있다 is usually conjugated like 있다, it should simply be 맛있다 as the narrative present tense form:)

  • Dania Freih

    1. 진짜 지금 간다?
    you’re really leaving now??
    2. 이거 혼자 다 먹는다?
    I’ll eat all this by myself.. okay?
    3. 이 고양이 너무 귀엽다!
    this cat is so cute!

  • Matt

    [1] TTMIK.com 굉장한다! = TTMIK.com is awesome!
    [2] 너 다시 늦을 것이다? = You are going to be late again?
    [3] 젊은 곰 새끼들은 어머니를 따른다. = The young bear cubs follow their mother.


    • Seokjin Jin

      너 다시 늦을 것이다? > 너 또 늦을 거야?

      젊은 곰 새끼들은 어머니를 따른다. This is good, but when it comes to animal family, we often use “어미” for their mother.

    • Matt

      감사합니다 선생님. 저는 잘 배울 것입니다.