Level 8 Korean Grammar

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1

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 1

2

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 2

3

Right after + V-ing / -기가 무섭게, -기가 바쁘게

4

N + that (someone) used to + V / -던

5

Advanced Situational Expressions: Refusing in Korean

6

It means … / -(ㄴ/는)다는 뜻이에요

7

Word Builder 15 / 점 (點)

8

I hope …, I wish … / -(으)면 좋겠어요

9

Past Tense (Various Types) / 과거시제 총정리

10

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 귀 (ear)

11

Sentence Building Drill 12

12

Present Tense (Various Types) / 현재시제 총정리

13

Word Builder 16 / 주 (主)

14

Advanced Situational Expressions: Agreeing

15

Future Tense (Various Types) / 미래시제 총정리

16

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 가슴 (chest, heart, breast)

17

If only it’s not … / -만 아니면

18

In the same way that …, just like someone did … / -(으)ㄴ 대로

19

Even if I would have to, even if that means I have to / -는 한이 있더라도

20

Sentence Building Drill 13

21

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 머리 (head, hair)

22

Word Builder 17 / 상 (上)

23

Advanced Situational Expressions: Making Suggestions in Korean

24

It is just that …, I only … / -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

25

Advanced Situational Expressions: Defending in Korean

26

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 몸 (body)

27

Advanced Situational Expressions: Complimenting in Korean

28

despite, in spite of / -에도 불구하고

29

Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Feel Happy

30

Sentence Building Drill 14

Present Tense (Various Types) / 현재시제 총정리

We’ve compiled some of the various types of Korean present tense structures into one lesson! Yay! Some of the structures we’ve already covered in our previous lessons, so If you haven’t fully learned how to use these structures and would like a full explanation, go back and check out the related lessons. Happy studying!

This lesson is a review and summary of the various types of present tense structures in the Korean language.  


1. Basic Present Tense with "-아/어/여" (Level 1 Lesson 16)

Verb stem + -아/어/여 + -요


Ex) 

사다 = to buy 

→ 사 + -아요 = 사요 = I buy it. / She buys it. / They buy it. / Buy it. 


주다 = to give

→ 주 + -어요 = 줘요 = I give it (to someone). / They give it (to someone). / Give it to me. 


저는 매일 운동해요.

= I exercise every day.


저는 한국어를 혼자서 공부해요.

= I study Korean by myself.


2. -시 + -어요 (Level 5 Lesson 2)

The suffix -시 is used to make the sentence honorific when you are talking to or about someone you want to show respect for. 


Verb stem + -시 + -어요 → -세요 


Ex)

가다 = to go

→ 가 + -시 + -어요 = 가셔요 = 가세요 = He goes. / She goes. / Please go. 


모르다 = to not know

→ 모르 + -시 + -어요 = 모르셔요 = 모르세요 = He doesn’t know. / She doesn’t know. 


3. -고 있다 (Level 2 Lesson 10)

-고 있다 is used after verb stems to form present progressive sentences. Then again 있다 is conjugated to match the context or the intended tense of the sentence.


Ex)

공부하다 = to study

→ 공부하 + -고 있다 = 공부하고 있어요 = I am studying. / They are studying.


지금 뭐 하고 있어요? 

= What are you doing now?


서점에 가고 있어요.

= I am going to the library.


4. -고 싶다 (Level 1 Lesson 13)

-고 싶다 is used to express “I want to”. 


Ex) 

보다 = to see

→ 보 + 고 싶다 = 보고 싶어요 = I want to see. / I miss you.


뭐 하고 싶어요?

= What do you want to do?


밖에 나가고 싶어요.

= I want to go outside.


5. -(으)ㄹ 수 있다 (Level 2 Lesson 17)

-(으)ㄹ 수 있다 is used to express “can” or “be able to”.


Ex)

찾다 = to look for, to find

→ 찾 + -(으)ㄹ 수 있다 = 찾을 수 있어요 = I can look for it. / I can find it.


여기 주차할 수 있어요? 

= Can I park here?


이거 읽을 수 있어요?

= Can you read this? 


6. -아/어/여야 되다 (Level 2 Lesson 20)

You can use the -아/어/여야 되다 ending to express “have to”, “should” or “must”.


Ex)

가다 = to go

→ 가 + -아야 되다 = 가야 되다 = 가야 돼요 = I have to go.


이거 먼저 해야 돼요.

= I need to do this first.


조심해야 돼요.

= You have to be careful.


7. -지 않다, 안 (Level 1 Lesson 21)

You can form negative sentences by adding -지 않다 after the verb stem or 안 before the verb. 


Ex)

이상하다 = to be strange

→ 이상하 + -지 않다 = 이상하지 않아요 = It’s not strange.

→ 안 + 이상하다 = 안 이상해요 = It’s not strange.


이거 안 비싸요.

= This is not expensive.


그거 별로 안 좋아요.

= It’s not that good.


8. -지 마세요 (Level 2 Lesson 30)

-지 마세요 is used after verb stems to tell someone not to do something.


Ex)

먹다 = to eat

→ 먹 + -지 마세요 = 먹지 마세요 = Don’t eat it.


걱정하지 마세요.

= Don’t worry.


늦지 마세요.

= Don’t be late.


9. -아/어/여요 (Let’s) (Level 3 Lesson 16)

-아/어/여요 looks the same as the plain present tense, but it can be used to form “Let’s” sentences as well. 


Ex)

하다 = to do

→ 하 + -여요 = 해요 = Let’s do it.


같이 해요.

= Let’s do it.


지금 가요.

= Let’s go now.


10. -(으)ㄴ 것 같다 (Level 4 Lesson 27)

같다 originally means “to be the same” or “to seem like” but when expressing your opinion about something, you can use -(으)ㄴ 것 같다 to say “I think …”. 


Ex)

좋다 = to be good

→ 좋 + -은 것 같다 = 좋은 것 같아요 = I think it’s good.


이상한 것 같아요.

= I think it’s strange.


그 사람 착한 것 같아요.

= I think he’s a nice person.


11. -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다 (Level 3 Lesson 22)

When you want to say that something “might” or “could” happen, you can use the structure -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다. 


Ex) 

늦다 = to be late

→ 늦 + -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다 = 늦을 수도 있어요 = I might be late. / They might be late.


석진 씨가 알 수도 있어요.

= Seokjin might know.


오늘 집에 있을 수도 있어요.

= I might stay at home today.

We’ve compiled some of the various types of Korean present tense structures into one lesson! Yay! Some of the structures we’ve already covered in our previous lessons, so If you haven’t fully learned how to use these structures and would like a full explanation, go back and check out the related lessons. Happy studying!
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