Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 1
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 2
Right after + V-ing / -기가 무섭게, -기가 바쁘게
N + that (someone) used to + V / -던
Advanced Situational Expressions: Refusing in Korean
It means … / -(ㄴ/는)다는 뜻이에요
Word Builder 15 / 점 (點)
I hope …, I wish … / -(으)면 좋겠어요
Past Tense (Various Types) / 과거시제 총정리
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 귀 (ear)
Sentence Building Drill 12
Present Tense (Various Types) / 현재시제 총정리
Word Builder 16 / 주 (主)
Advanced Situational Expressions: Agreeing
Future Tense (Various Types) / 미래시제 총정리
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 가슴 (chest, heart, breast)
If only it’s not … / -만 아니면
In the same way that …, just like someone did … / -(으)ㄴ 대로
Even if I would have to, even if that means I have to / -는 한이 있더라도
Sentence Building Drill 13
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 머리 (head, hair)
Word Builder 17 / 상 (上)
Advanced Situational Expressions: Making Suggestions in Korean
It is just that …, I only … / -(으)ㄹ 따름이다
Advanced Situational Expressions: Defending in Korean
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 몸 (body)
Advanced Situational Expressions: Complimenting in Korean
despite, in spite of / -에도 불구하고
Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Feel Happy
Sentence Building Drill 14
This lesson is a review and summary of the various types of present tense structures in the Korean language.
1. Basic Present Tense with "-아/어/여" (Level 1 Lesson 16)
Verb stem + -아/어/여 + -요
사다 = to buy
→ 사 + -아요 = 사요 = I buy it. / She buys it. / They buy it. / Buy it.
주다 = to give
→ 주 + -어요 = 줘요 = I give it (to someone). / They give it (to someone). / Give it to me.
저는 매일 운동해요.
= I exercise every day.
저는 한국어를 혼자서 공부해요.
= I study Korean by myself.
2. -시 + -어요 (Level 5 Lesson 2)
The suffix -시 is used to make the sentence honorific when you are talking to or about someone you want to show respect for.
Verb stem + -시 + -어요 → -세요
가다 = to go
→ 가 + -시 + -어요 = 가셔요 = 가세요 = He goes. / She goes. / Please go.
모르다 = to not know
→ 모르 + -시 + -어요 = 모르셔요 = 모르세요 = He doesn’t know. / She doesn’t know.
3. -고 있다 (Level 2 Lesson 10)
-고 있다 is used after verb stems to form present progressive sentences. Then again 있다 is conjugated to match the context or the intended tense of the sentence.
공부하다 = to study
→ 공부하 + -고 있다 = 공부하고 있어요 = I am studying. / They are studying.
지금 뭐 하고 있어요?
= What are you doing now?
서점에 가고 있어요.
= I am going to the library.
4. -고 싶다 (Level 1 Lesson 13)
-고 싶다 is used to express “I want to”.
보다 = to see
→ 보 + 고 싶다 = 보고 싶어요 = I want to see. / I miss you.
뭐 하고 싶어요?
= What do you want to do?
밖에 나가고 싶어요.
= I want to go outside.
5. -(으)ㄹ 수 있다 (Level 2 Lesson 17)
-(으)ㄹ 수 있다 is used to express “can” or “be able to”.
찾다 = to look for, to find
→ 찾 + -(으)ㄹ 수 있다 = 찾을 수 있어요 = I can look for it. / I can find it.
여기 주차할 수 있어요?
= Can I park here?
이거 읽을 수 있어요?
= Can you read this?
6. -아/어/여야 되다 (Level 2 Lesson 20)
You can use the -아/어/여야 되다 ending to express “have to”, “should” or “must”.
가다 = to go
→ 가 + -아야 되다 = 가야 되다 = 가야 돼요 = I have to go.
이거 먼저 해야 돼요.
= I need to do this first.
= You have to be careful.
7. -지 않다, 안 (Level 1 Lesson 21)
You can form negative sentences by adding -지 않다 after the verb stem or 안 before the verb.
이상하다 = to be strange
→ 이상하 + -지 않다 = 이상하지 않아요 = It’s not strange.
→ 안 + 이상하다 = 안 이상해요 = It’s not strange.
이거 안 비싸요.
= This is not expensive.
그거 별로 안 좋아요.
= It’s not that good.
8. -지 마세요 (Level 2 Lesson 30)
-지 마세요 is used after verb stems to tell someone not to do something.
먹다 = to eat
→ 먹 + -지 마세요 = 먹지 마세요 = Don’t eat it.
= Don’t worry.
= Don’t be late.
9. -아/어/여요 (Let’s) (Level 3 Lesson 16)
-아/어/여요 looks the same as the plain present tense, but it can be used to form “Let’s” sentences as well.
하다 = to do
→ 하 + -여요 = 해요 = Let’s do it.
= Let’s do it.
= Let’s go now.
10. -(으)ㄴ 것 같다 (Level 4 Lesson 27)
같다 originally means “to be the same” or “to seem like” but when expressing your opinion about something, you can use -(으)ㄴ 것 같다 to say “I think …”.
좋다 = to be good
→ 좋 + -은 것 같다 = 좋은 것 같아요 = I think it’s good.
이상한 것 같아요.
= I think it’s strange.
그 사람 착한 것 같아요.
= I think he’s a nice person.
11. -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다 (Level 3 Lesson 22)
When you want to say that something “might” or “could” happen, you can use the structure -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다.
늦다 = to be late
→ 늦 + -(으)ㄹ 수도 있다 = 늦을 수도 있어요 = I might be late. / They might be late.
석진 씨가 알 수도 있어요.
= Seokjin might know.
오늘 집에 있을 수도 있어요.
= I might stay at home today.