Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 손 (Hand)
-아/어/여 버리다 / completed action
Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Are Unhappy
-고 말다 / (unintended) completed action
Advanced Situational Expressions: When you are worried
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 발 (foot)
Word Builder 18 / 비 (非)
Advanced Situational Expressions: Asking a favor
-(으)ㅁ / simplifying a sentence ending
Sentence Building Drill 15
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 마음 (mind, heart)
-아/어/여 보이다 / looks like, seems like
Word Builder 19 / 신 (新)
Advanced Situational Expressions: 후회할 때
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 기분 (feeling)
-(으)ㄹ 테니(까) / in return for, since it will be ...
-(으/느)ㄴ 이상 / as long as, since
-(으)ㄹ까 보다 / expressing concern or reason for a decision
Advanced Situational Expressions: 오랜만에 만났을 때
Sentence Building Drill 16
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 생각 (thought, idea)
Word builder 20 / 시 (示, 視)
-(으)면서 / while
-(ㄴ/는)다면서(요), -(이)라면서(요) / didn't you say ...
Advanced Situational Expressions: 길을 물어볼 때
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 시간 (time)
-더니 / this happened and then that happened
-(으)ㄹ 바에 / might as well, I would rather
Advanced Situational Expressions: 차가 막힐 때
Sentence Building Drill 17
This is an Advanced Idiomatic Expressions lesson related to 생각, “thought” or “idea”. In order to fully understand and use the expressions introduced in this series, it is essential that you understand the grammatical structure of the sentences. When you come across a grammar point that you are unfamiliar with, please go back and review the related TTMIK lessons.
생각 = thought, idea
1. 생각이 다르다 = to have different opinions
(다르다 = to be different)
→ Literally translated, it would mean “the thought is different", but the actual meaning is that you have an opinion that is different from another person’s opinion.
Ex) 저는 그 문제에 대해서는 생각이 좀 달라요.
= About that matter, I have a different opinion.
2. 생각이 없다 = to not feel like eating/drinking
→ Literally this would mean that you don’t have an idea or that you do not think much about something, but in the actual usage, it means that you are not hungry or thirsty so you do not feel like eating or drinking.
Ex) 저는 아침을 늦게 먹어서 점심 생각이 없어요.
= I had a late breakfast, so I don’t feel like having lunch (now).
3. 생각에 잠기다 = to be lost in thought
→ 잠기다 literally means “to be submerged” or “to be flooded”, so if you say that you are “flooded” by thoughts or are sinking in thoughts, it means that you are deep in thought about something.
Ex) 무슨 생각에 잠겨 있었길래 전화 온 줄도 몰랐어요?
= What were you thinking about so hard? You didn’t even know that your phone was ringing.
4. 생각만 해도 = at the bare thought of it
→ This one is fairly easy to guess the meaning since it’s translated as “even if I just think about it”. This is most commonly used when you talk about something that you are scared about, something you don’t enjoy experiencing, or when someone mentions something that’s very absurd or is unlikely to happen.
Ex) 생각만 해도 소름이 끼쳐요.
= Just thinking about it alone gives me goosebumps.
5. 생각하기도 싫다 = to not even want to think about it
→ When there is something you’re not really looking forward to and want to avoid if possible, you can say “생각하기도 싫다”. You can also change it “생각하고 싶지도 않다” to mean the same thing.
Ex) 다시 대학생이 되는 건 생각하기도 싫어요.
= I don’t even want to think about becoming a university student. / I hate the idea of becoming a university student.
6. 생각이 나다 = to occur to one’s mind, to remember
→ 생각이 나다 can be used in two types of situations: when you just remembered something that you previously couldn’t recall (like someone’s name or the reason you called someone), or when something just occurred to you and you started thinking about it. When you are just going about your daily tasks and all of a sudden think of someone that you know, you can say “생각이 나다”.
Ex) 그냥 니 생각 나서 전화했어.
= I just thought of you, so I am calling you now.
7. 생각이 들다 = to occur to one’s mind
→ 생각이 들다 and 생각이 나다 are similar in usage, but 생각이 들다 is only used about the actual “content” of a thought. You can say “생각이 나다” about a person or a place, but 생각이 들다 about your opinion or premonition. In many cases, 생각이 들다 is just translated as “to think”, “to feel”, or “to have a feeling”.
Ex) 이거 조금 이상하다는 생각 안 들어요?
= Don’t you feel that this is a bit strange?
8. -(으)ㄹ 생각은 없다 = to not intend to do something
→ When you feel bad about something you have said or done and want to apologize, one expression that can come in handy is -(으)ㄹ 생각은 없다. If you just say “생각 없다”, it can mean either “to be not very hungry” or “to be thoughtless or careless”, but if you use -(으)ㄹ 생각은 없다 with a specific verb stem, it means that you don’t intend to do something.
Ex) 놀래킬 생각은 없었어요.
= I didn’t intend to surprise you.
9. 생각이 간절하다 = to really want to have (usually a certain food/drink)
→ 간절하다 means “ardent” or “desperate”, so if you say “생각이 간절하다”, it means that you have a very strong yearning for something, usually a certain food or drink.
Ex) 요즘에 다이어트 하고 있는데, 운동하고 나면 콜라 생각이 간절해요.
= I am on a diet (to lose weight) these days, and after I work out, I really want some cola.
10. 생각지도 못 했던 일이다 = to be unthought-of, to have not been foreseen
→ 생각지도 is short for 생각하지도, and by saying that something was a “생각지도 못 했던 일”, you are saying that you didn’t have the faintest idea that something like that could happen.
Ex) 이건 정말 생각지도 못 했던 결과네요.
= We really couldn’t see this coming.
= This is really an unexpected result.
11. 생각해 보고 말 것도 없다 = to not even be worth thinking about it
→ Here, 말다 means “to not do something”, and to express this meaning, it’s always used in the form of -아/어/여 보고 말 것도 없다, which means that “it’s not even worth trying doing it”. Literally it means “there’s not enough (substance or importance to it) to really bother doing do it”.
Ex) 생각해 보고 말 것도 없이, 그 사람은 무조건 안 돼요.
= It’s needless to think about, he just can’t do it.
= Needless to say, my answer is no. I can’t let him do it.
12. ~을/를 생각해서라도 = at least for the sake of (someone)
→ Literally translated, this means “even if you were to do it, just think about [someone else]”, and in actual usage, it means “at least for the sake of [someone]”. This is commonly used when you want to stop someone from doing something that can be either embarrassing or harmful for other people.
Ex) 가기 싫겠지만, 나를 생각해도 한 번만 참석해 줘.
= I know you don’t want to go there, but please attend it just this once, at least for me.