Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요
Object-marking Particles / -을, -를
And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
And, with / -하고, -(이)랑
Days In A Week / 요일
But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데
“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서
Telling The Time
Counters / 개, 명
Present Progressive / -고 있어요
Self-introduction / 자기소개
What Is Today's Date? / 날짜
Too, Also / -도 (part 1)
Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)
Only / -만
Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀
Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다
To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다
Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것
Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
More.. than... / -보다 더
To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다
If, In case / 만약, -(으)면
Still, Already / 아직, 벌써
Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가
Imperative / -(으)세요
Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요
Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로
More, All / 더, 다
Don’t do it. / -지 마세요
Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean
In this lesson, we are introducing how to say “all” in Korean.
- 다 [da] = all; entirely; whole
And we will also review how to say “more”.
- 더 [deo] = more
For many sentences where English speakers will use adjectives and nouns, Korean speakers use adverbs and verbs. This often becomes a challenge for translators and interpreters, but keeping this in mind will help you understand how to form more natural sentences in Korean.
Let’s look at how 다 [da] is used.
1. 다 주세요. [da ju-se-yo.]
= Give me all of it.
2. 우유 다 주세요. [u-yu da ju-se-yo.]
= Give me all the milk.
3. 다 했어요. [da hae-sseo-yo.]
= I’ve done all of it.
4. 다 왔어요? [da wa-sseo-yo?]
= Are we there yet? (lit. Did we all come? / Did we come to all of it?)
= Did everyone come?
5. 다 살 거예요? [da sal geo-ye-yo?]
= Are you going to buy all of it?
In some of the examples above, it looks as if the word 다 [da] is working as a noun, and it is, but it has a stronger influence on the verbs so you can actually think of 다 as an adverb.
커피를 마시다 [keo-pi-reul ma-si-da]
= to drink coffee
커피를 다 마시다 [keo-pi-reul da ma-si-da]
= to drink all the coffee
In the second sentence above, the English word “all” was used to describe “the coffee”, but in
Korean, the word 다 was used to describe the action of drinking (마시다).
책을 읽다 [chae-geul ik-tta]
= to read a book
책을 다 읽다 [chae-geul da ik-tta]
= to read all of the book
= to finish reading the book
Q: Then how do you say “all of the book” or “the entire book”, if the word 다 only modifies verbs?
A: You can use other words like 전체 [ jeon-che] or 전부 [ jeon-bu]. “The entire book” is 책 전체 or 책 전부, but this might not sound very natural when used out of proper context. In most cases, it’s better to use 다 [da].
Let’s look at how 더 [deo] is used.
1. 더 주세요. [deo ju-se-yo.]
= Please give me more.
2. 더 있어요. [deo i-sseo-yo.]
= There is more.
3. 더 사고 싶어요. [deo sa-go si-peo-yo.]
= I want to buy more.
4. 옷 더 사고 싶어요. [ot deo sa-go si-peo-yo.]
= I want to buy more clothes.
5. 뭐가 더 좋아요? [mwo-ga deo jo-a-yo?]
= Which is better?
The same explanation for 다 applies to the word 더 as well, especially when modifying verbs. Although it looks as if 더 is used as a noun here, it is not. When you say 더 사고 싶어요, the sentence is actually closer to saying “I want to do the “buying action” more”, rather than “I want to buy more of something.”
10분 기다려 주세요. [sip-bun gi-da-ryeo ju-se-yo.]
= Please wait for ten minutes.
10분 더 기다려 주세요. [sip-bun deo gi-da-ryeo ju-se-yo.]
= Please wait for ten more minutes.
In English, you say “ten more minutes” but in Korean, you literally say, “do the action of waiting for ten minutes + more”.
If you want to review how to compare two things using -보다 and 더, please check out Level 2 Lesson 21.
1. 전화 다 했어요? [jeon-hwa da hae-sseo-yo?]
= Did you finish talking on the phone?
= Did you make all the phone calls?
= Did everyone make a phone call?
2. 준비 다 했어요. [jun-bi da hae-sseo-yo.]
= I did all the preparation.
= I prepared everything.
= I finished the preparation.
= All of us are prepared.
3. 더 보여 주세요. [deo bo-yeo ju-se-yo.]
= Show me more.
= Show me more of it.
4. 더 공부하고 싶으면, TTMIK에 오세요. [deo gong-bu-ha-go si-peu-myeon, TTMIK-e o-seoyo.]
= If you want to study more, come to TTMIK.
= If you want to do more studying, come to TTMIK.