Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

In this lesson, we are looking at how to use the verb 말다 in the form “말고” and make expressions such as “Not this one but THAT one.” “Not here but over there.” or “Don’t buy it and use this one.”

In Level 2 Lesson 30, you learned how to use -지 마세요 after verb stems to tell someone NOT to do something. The key verb of -지 마세요 is 말다, which means “to not do something” or “to drop the intention of doing something”. 


Ex) 

가지 마세요. = Don’t go. 

하지 마세요. = Don’t do it. 

방해하지 마세요. = Don’t interrupt me. 


In this lesson, you will learn to use the verb 말다 in the form “말고” to make expressions such as “Not this one but THAT one”, “Not here but over there”, or “Don’t buy it, and use this one [instead]”. 

* Note that -고 is the same ending in the word 그리고, meaning “and”.


Conjugation:

When saying “not A, but B” where A is a noun and B is a noun, use 말고 between the two nouns.

Ex) A 말고 B 


When saying “don’t do A, but/and do B” where A is a verb and B is a verb, add -지 after the verb stem of Verb A just as you would with sentences ending in -지 마세요. 

Ex) [Verb A]-지 말고 [Verb B] 

 

Here are some examples of using 말고 with nouns.

1. 우유 말고 커피 주세요. 

= Give me NOT milk BUT coffee. 

= Give me coffee NOT milk. 


2. 이거 말고 저거 살게요.

= Not this one, but that one over there, I will buy it. 

= I will buy that one over there, not this one. 


Here are some examples when 말고 is used with verbs.

1. 걱정하지 말고 그냥 해 봐요. 

= Don’t worry and just give it a try. 


2. 늦지 말고 일찍 오세요. 

= Don’t be late and come early. 


Sample Sentences

전화하지 말고 문자 메시지 보내 주세요. 

= Don’t call me but [rather] send me a text message. 


저 기다리지 말고 먼저 가세요. 

= Don’t wait for me and leave first. 

= Please go first without waiting for me. 


차가운 물에 넣지 말고 뜨거운 물에 넣으세요. 

= Don’t put it in cold water but put it in hot water. 


내일은 여기 말고 다른 곳에서 만날 거예요. 

= Tomorrow, we are going to meet NOT here, BUT in a different place [instead]. 

= Tomorrow we are going to meet at a different place rather than here. 


지금 사지 말고 조금만 기다리세요. 

= Don’t buy it now and wait just a little while.

In this lesson, we are looking at how to use the verb 말다 in the form “말고” and make expressions such as “Not this one but THAT one.” “Not here but over there.” or “Don’t buy it and use this one.”
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