Level 9 Korean Grammar

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1

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 손 (Hand)

2

-아/어/여 버리다 / completed action

3

Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Are Unhappy

4

-고 말다 / (unintended) completed action

5

Advanced Situational Expressions: When you are worried

6

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 발 (foot)

7

Word Builder 18 / 비 (非)

8

Advanced Situational Expressions: Asking a favor

9

-(으)ㅁ / simplifying a sentence ending

10

Sentence Building Drill 15

11

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 마음 (mind, heart)

12

-아/어/여 보이다 / looks like, seems like

13

Word Builder 19 / 신 (新)

14

Advanced Situational Expressions: 후회할 때

15

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 기분 (feeling)

16

-(으)ㄹ 테니(까) / in return for, since it will be ...

17

-(으/느)ㄴ 이상 / as long as, since

18

-(으)ㄹ까 보다 / expressing concern or reason for a decision

19

Advanced Situational Expressions: 오랜만에 만났을 때

20

Sentence Building Drill 16

21

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 생각 (thought, idea)

22

Word builder 20 / 시 (示, 視)

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-(으)면서 / while

24

-(ㄴ/는)다면서(요), -(이)라면서(요) / didn't you say ...

25

Advanced Situational Expressions: 길을 물어볼 때

26

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 시간 (time)

27

-더니 / this happened and then that happened

28

-(으)ㄹ 바에 / might as well, I would rather

29

Advanced Situational Expressions: 차가 막힐 때

30

Sentence Building Drill 17

Word Builder 18 / 비 (非)

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja], and although many of them are, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the key- words in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memo- rize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!


Today’s keyword is 비.

The Chinese character for this is 非. There are many other Chinese characters (or Hanja letters) that are used for 비, so keep in mind that not all the words which contain 비 have related meanings.

The word 비 (非) is related to “not.”


비 (not) + 공식 (official)

= 비공식 (非公式) = unofficial, informal


비 (not) + 회 (gathering) + 원 (member)

= 비회원 (非會員) = non-member


비 (not) + 정 (right) + 상 (always)

= 비정상 (非正常) = not normal, abnormal, unusual


비 (not) + 주 (master, head) + 류 (flow, stream)

= 비주류 (非主流) = nonmainstream, fringe group


비 (not) + 인간 (human) + 적 (of)

= 비인간적 (非人間的) = inhuman


비 (not) + 범 (ordinary) + 하다

= 비범하다 (非凡하다) = to be extraordinary


비 (not) + 인 (people) + 기 (energy)

= 비인기 (非人氣) = unpopular


비 (not) + 공 (official) + 개 (open)

= 비공개 (非公開) = closed, private


비 (not) + 협 (harmony) + 조 (associate) + 적 (of)

= 비협조적 (非協調的) = uncooperative


비 (not) + 전 (exclusive) + 문 (door) + 적 (of)

= 비전문적 (非專門的) = unprofessional


비 (not) + 상 (always) + 구 (door)

= 비상구 (非常口) = emergency exit


비 (not) + 상 (always) + 계단 (stairs)

= 비상 계단 (非常階段) = emergency staircase


비 (not) + 무장 (armed) + 지대 (zone)

= 비무장지대 (非武裝地帶) = DMZ, demilitarized zone


시 (true) + 비 (not)

= 시비 (是非) = right or wrong

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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